Siberian tiger animal<<<< Back to wild animals
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Mammalia
- Order: Carnivora
- Family: Felidae
- Conservation status: Endangered
- Size: 2.5 - 3.5 m (7.8ft - 12ft)
- Weight: 100kg - 350kg (220lbs - 770lbs)
- Food: Carnivore
- Speed: 90km/h (59mph)
- Predators: Bears and wolves
- Sexual Maturity: 3 - 4 years
- Gestation Period: 3 - 3.5 months
- Population: about 500 individuals
- Lifespan: 10 - 15 years (16-22 in captivity)
- Litter size: 2 - 5 cubs
- Distinctive Feature: Striped fur. Is the largest of all the tigers.
The Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) is a rare species of tiger, known also as the Amur tiger, Korean tiger, North chinese tiger or the Manchurian tiger. Although it once inhabited central, western Asia and eastern Russia, now it has a limited area of spreading: Amur-Ussuri region in eastern Siberia, where it is now protected. It is the largest from the eight tiger subspecies and the largestliving feline. A genetic study in 2009 showed that Siberian tigers are almost identical to the Caspian tigers, now an extinct western population, once thought to be a distinct subspecies.
The tiger is an endangered species. The Siberian and the Chinese tigers are highly endangered species, brought almost to the brink of extinction.
Easily recognized by their striped fur, most tigers live in forests or in areas with plenty of grass. They are strong swimmers and often bathe in lakes or rivers. Until the last decades there have been eight distinct subspecies. Currentlu only five are left, including the Siberian tiger that faces imminent danger of extinction.
Three subspecies existing till 1940 disappeared due to hunting and the destruction of their natural habitat. In the last hundred years, their population dropped from several hundred thousand to just 5,000 specimens.
Siberian tigers were hunted as a trophy, but also because some body parts are used in traditional Chinese medicine. Although it is illegal to kill a tiger, poaching is still a danger to felines.
Food Siberian tiger
They feed on deer, wild pigs and buffalo.
Features Siberian tiger
The Siberian tiger can reach speeds of up to 80 kilometers/hour and it is a great swimmer. Given that it must withstand low temperatures, it has a much thicker fur than the Bemgal tiger, for example.
The superb feline is a major attraction in zoos. Siberian tigers captive breeding is not very difficult, but the chances of survival of the specimens released into the wild are low, therefore it is important to protect the specimens from the wild.
Captive tigers lack hunting skills. Also being accustomed to people would make them try to get too close to them.
Amur tigers(or Siberian) reached a record of 306kg but the normal weight of a male is around 227kg. Siberian tigers are considered a wide-ranged subspecies, which is divided the least. They are distinguished by the fact that they have a small number of stripes. The Siberian tiger is the largest feline.[
Reproduction Siberian tiger
Females give birth to 2-5 cubs, after a gestation period of 104 days.
Siberian tigers are solitary hunters. The young will stay with their mother for two years, then they will start taking their own territory. Males move away from where they were born, but females often remain close to the mother’s territory.
Siberian tigers reach sexual maturity at the age of 4 years. The female announces the male that she is in heat by scratches on trees and urine. She will spend one week with the male, during which they will copulate over 3 days.