Komodo dragon<<<< Back to reptiles
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Reptilia
- Order: Squamata
- Family: Varanidae
- Genus: Varanus
- Species: Varanus komodoensis
- Conservation status: Vulnerable
- Areal: Indonesian archipelago
- Habitat: Open woodland and hillsides
- Length: 2.5 m (9 ft)
- Weight: 70 kilograms (150 lb)
- Food: Carnivore
- Speed: 18kph (11mph)
- Predators: Human
- Sexual Maturity: 5 years
- Incubation Period: 8 -9 months
- Population: 3,000 - 5,000
- Prey: Pigs, deer, buffalo
- Lifespan: 25 - 40 years
- Litter size: 20 eggs
- Other names: Komodo monitor, Varans
- Distinctive Feature: Long and deep forked tongue to taste the air
Varans are part of the Varanidae family and are considered anatomically superior lizards developed. Among the current lizards, they have no close relatives, these giants, which can reach 3 m, are considered to be the people of today's monster.
Varanii live in the tropical regions of the eastern hemisphere, especially in South Asia, Australia and Oceania.
Of the 45 species and known subspecies, three are found in Africa.
Varans, are also known as Biawak, Goanna, or Dragon komodo.
Food Komodo dragon
Impressive by its size, strength and appearance, Komodo varani are predatory, carnivorous animals. Despite their hefty appearance, their movements are very swift and skilful when hunting.
They generally feed on small mammals, birds and snakes, but are also able to kill larger animals such as pigs, deer or goats. Prada is well shaken, then the head is crushed.
Their sharp claws, well-developed jaws, and their strong teeth transform them into excellent predators, having no natural enemy. If he manages to escape the attack of a Komodo varan, the prey is subsequently killed by infections caused by the bacteria contained in the saliva of this lizard.
Features Komodo dragon
What distinguishes the varani from the rest of the lizards is the existence of a diaphragm and certain peculiarities in terms of the shape of the clavicle, the tongue and the teeth.
The head of the varanides is longer than most other lizards, the throat is well differentiated, the strong body, and the lateral compressed tail is longer than the rest of the body; The limbs are very well developed, with five strong claws.
Large teeth, sharp and slightly bent, are placed on the underside of the jaws. The eyes are dark-brown in color and the bifurcated tongue is light yellow - if it pulls a lot out, one can notice the two long, crooked peaks.
All the barbarians are often despondent.
The largest of the varani is Varanidae komodoensis - the huge varan or Komodo varan, the last name being taken from the island on which it lives - Komodo - one of the islands of Indonesia, located between Flores and Sumbava. The reptilian giant, which indigenous people also call biavak (which means iguana), also lives in Rintia, Padar and in the west of Flores.
Being the largest reptile known to date, numerous stories have been told about the Komodo varan; (The male can reach up to 3 meters and the female at less than 2 meters), it is said that their skin is impenetrable to the most modern firearms (they have A very resistant skin, covered by numerous dark gray, extremely hard greens, due to skin ossification).
These exaggerations are probably caused by the fact that the Komodo varan became known to zoological science only in 1912, just like the Okapi or African swine fever - another two large-scale animals, relatively recently discovered by science.
He is a terrestrial animal, a diurnal and thermophilic, who spends the night in a hole dug by him. At present the species is protected by law, this protection being motivated by the popularity of the villagers as a tourist attraction.
Reproduction Komodo dragon
Varani adults are hunted by crocodiles and pitons, rarely leopards and eagles.
The mortality rate is very high among the chickens, they are followed by predatory, battled, snakes and even adults of their own species.
Reproduction of this species is a unique example of insect-breeding reproduction: the female puts its eggs in an active termite musulus.
The termites repair their muscles, completely sealing the cavity, and thus build for the eggs a safe incubator that gives them constant conditions of temperature and humidity.
The babies hatch the following year and escape from the mussels when the rains have already softened well the sunny dry exterior of the termite musi.
Did you know that:
The komodo dragons molt often