Agama agama<<<< Back to reptiles
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Reptilia
- Order: Squamata
- Family: Agamidae
- Species: Agama agama
- Conservation status: Not Evaluated
- Length: 12 - 30 cm (5 in. to 1 ft.)
- Food: Omnivore
- Prey: small mammals, small reptiles, vegetation
- Predators: snakes
- Sexual Maturity: 18 - 24 months
- Incubation Period: 1.5 - 4.5 months
- Lifespan: 25 - 28 years
- Clutch size: about 12 - 13 eggs
- Other names: common agama, red-headed rock agama, rainbow agama
- Distinctive Feature: is characterized by its rainbow colors
The rainbow lizard (Agama agama) lives in trees, rocks, rocky terrain, savannas and steppes in Central and South Africa, Sahara, Madagascar, Senegal, Nigeria, Cameroon, Sudan, Congo, Angola and Tanzania.
The rainbow lizard is part of the Squamata order, the Agamidae family. It is not an endangered species.
It is also known as Agama or Agama with its red head.
Food Agama agama
Their food consists mainly of spiders, insects, invertebrates, small reptiles and mammals, and in some cases supplemented by plants.
The diet of these lizards is very varied, they are not pretentious eating everything they catch and can swallow.
Features Agama agama
The rainbow lizard is remarkable by changing color during daylight to sunlight and mating season. It has body covered with scales, which in the neck area and the lateral sides of the head are in the form of tricky shapes.
The night has a grayish-gray or uniform brown color, and the day becomes red-orange and the blue-shining body. In the mating season the males coloring is more pronounced, and the females have yellow sides with orange spots and turquoise points.
The eyes are covered and protected with a transparent bark - appearing in gecko lizards and some snakes.
Adult specimens have a body length of 30-40 cm, males are always larger than females. The tail has a length of about 26 cm.
These lizards live in colonies of up to 25 copies, they are docile, used to live near people, only during mating, males become territorial and aggressive in their desire to impress females.
Each group is led by a dominant male. When young males reach sexual maturity, they are driven away by the dominant male and thus have to find another territory.
During battles between males their body is colored in brown with many white spots, they make strange sounds like whistles and hit each other with the tail.
They are especially active during the day when the males climb the high rocks to watch the surroundings, and they are hiding in the pits, under the vegetation on the ground and in the shrubs.
- Agama agama africana
- Agama agama boensis
- Agama agama dodomae
- Agama agama lionotus
- Agama agama smithi
- and other..
Reproduction Agama agama
The mating season corresponds to the rainy season.
After a period of 10 days, the female lodges a number of 3-8 eggs in a nest nesting between the stones and the plants on the ground.
After 14-21 days, the eggs hatch and appear.
Life expectancy at the rainbow lizard is about 10-20 years.
Did you know that:
Is it remarkable that they change their color during the day in the sunlight?