Weta<<<< Back to insects
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Orthoptera
- Suborder: Ensifera
- Superfamily: Cucujoidea
- Family: Stenopelmatoidea
- Conservation status: Least concern
- Length: up to 10cm (3.9 in)
- Lifespan: 12 - 18 months
- Reproduction: Eggs
Giant Weta insect belongs to the family Anostostomatidae. It is endemic to New Zealand. It is said that it is one of the examples of island gigantism.
Introduction of mammals on the island, such as rat (Rattus rattus) diminish the number of copies that are vulnerable due to the strong smell.
The move could lead to the decline or extinction.
They have developed a series of programs to reintroduce in various insect habitats and restore an environment similar to the original.
It feeds the soil between rocks and bushes searching for food favorite flowers tauhinu (a flower from New Zealand).
Native Maori wetapunga, as called giant insect, meaning "god of ugliness", a name that leaves nothing to doubt about the unusual appearance of locusts.
Unchanged over the past 100 million years, the insect is also called vegetarian dinosaur insect world, recalling its dimensions, undoubtedly, of gigantic dinosaurs.
Insects that are considered usual high of 10 cm in length with no antenna or feet and a weight of 35 grams. Cee largest of insect species belongs to the genus giant Weta Deinacrida which translates in Greek means: ferocious locust (grasshopper fierce).
In the past they have been found in adjacent islands of New Zealand, but because pesticides used they disappeared. A copy was spotted in Macedonia.
One or all insect species is nocturnal giant Weta. It lies on the ground surface through the grass among dead leaves, rocks or bushes.
The body is strong and ends with a housing to the outside. The jaws are big and hind legs, which have 5-6 large spikes can be raised for defensive overhead. The female is significantly larger than the male.
The insect has a number of predators both in New Zealand and adjacent islands. These include several species of birds and reptiles and tuatara.
- Deinacrida carinata, Weta Herekopare
- Deinacrida connectens, Scream Weta
- Deinacrida elegans, Weta Bluff
- Deinacrida Fall, Poor Knights Giant Weta
- Deinacrida heteracantha, Little Barrier Island Giant Weta
- Deinacrida mahoenui, Mahoenui giant Weta
- Deinacrida parva, Kaikoura giant Weta
- Deinacrida pluvialis, Mt Cook giant Weta
- Deinacrida rugosa, Cook Strait giant Weta
- Deinacrida sole, Giant mole Weta
- Deinacrida tibiospina, Mt Arthur giant Weta
(Giant Weta Tree Weta, Tusked Weta, Ground Weta, hollow Weta)
Due solitary and nomadic lifestyle giant huge insect reproduction based on the fact that the male locates female.
Search is facilitated by the strong odor of the female body and its feces. Males can travel 250m in one night in search of the half.
Once located the female, male physical contact ceaza placing one foot on its body to find refuge.
Mating occurs throughout the day, and if the weather is cold and wet and overnight. The female lays about 200 eggs in the ground and then dies.
The eggs develop for several months and hatch in the spring. It takes more than two years is days for the insect to reach full adult size.
In 12 to 18 months instead about nine molts.
Did you know that:
It weighs about 70 grams.
Ranks first among the heaviest insects.
It is heavier than a mouse.