Thorn bug<<<< Back to insects
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Hemiptera
- Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
- Infraorder: Cicadomorpha
- SuperFamily: Membracoidea
- Family: Membracidae
- Conservation status: Least concern
- Areal: all continents except Antarctica
- Habitat: subtropical regions (Young acacia and guanacaste trees)
- Diet: Herbivore
- Size: 1.5-15cm (0.5-5in)
- Colors: green, yellow, red, brown
- Prey: Decaying plant material, Plants, Insects
- Predators: small Birds, Rodents
- Lifespan: few months
- Reproduction: about 100 Eggs
- Special Features: sharp thorn
Insect thorn (Umbonia crassicornis) is an insect that belongs to the family Membracidae. It can be found in South America to Mexico and the United States (Florida).
Ornamental plants prefer subtropical regions. It is an insect harmful to these plants. It destroys looking plant sap.
There are cases where large groups gather insects on branches and dense plant. There are so many insects that, despite their size of 1 cm, it is almost impossible to reach without disturbing any individual strain.
Live and infest plants throughout the year.
Food Thorn bug
Both youth and adults feed on the same host plant.
Often can be seen on the same branch.
Features Thorn bug
Insect thorn has a length of 1 cm (0.4 inch) up to few inches depending on species. Is an insect whose size and color varies depending on habitat and food. Males are usually yellow or green with red stripes and brown spots.
At masuli thorn (or horn) is more tilted than females.
The great advantage of this insect is that this can be uncomfortable thorn protects them from predators.
The female is less noticeable. Protection comes from a thorn some confusion, as at the roses, or difficulty swallowing insect by smaller birds.
Adults prefer especially these host plants: wild tamarind (Lysiloma bahamensis), tamarind (Tamarindus indica), rayado bundleflower (Desmanthus virgatus), bottle brush (Callistemon sp.), Jerusalem thorn (Parkinson aculeata), dwarf date palm (Phoenix roebeleni) and other ..
Reproduction Thorn bug
Males attract attention when flying from one plant to another in search of females. When you get a new plant moving his abdomen to create vibrations on the entire length of the plant.
After mating the females lay about 100 eggs in a bark crevice or strain. These eggs hatch after about 20 days (three weeks).
After hatching form a small colony of 15-50 individuals. The children have three horns instead of one, as can be seen in adults.
Maternal care will last six weeks, after this period the female dies. In the first two weeks it protects the eggs of parasites. Nymphs at birth have the size of a sesame seed.
Every year there are four generations of the insect thorn, but each female lays one egg after another.
Did you know that:
It is considered an insect harmful to the living host plants.
Does not increase more than 10 - 15mm.
The size and color can vary depending on habitat and amount of food.