Mantis religiosa<<<< Back to insects
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Mantodea
- Family: Mantidae
- SubFamily: Mantinae
- Genus: Mantis
- Conservation status: Threatened
- Areal: Southern Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia and North America
- Habitat: temperate and tropical climate
- Diet: Carnivores
- Size: 50mm to 65mm (1.97in to 2.56in)
- Colors: Green, Brown
- Prey: other insects, such as crickets, grasshoppers, locusts, flies, etc.
- Predators: frogs, bats, monkeys, larger birds, etc
- Lifespan: about 6 months
- Reproduction: hundreds of eggs
- Other names: The European mantis, praying mantis, calugarita, etc
- Special Features: posture of the first pair of legs
Mantis is the popular name of an insect of the order Mantodea, family Manteidae, like Mantis, which includes about 2000 species, mostly torpicale and subtropical species. Mantis in Greek means prophet.
This name is given by the position of the first pair of appendages. Easy to care and most common in terrariums are Chinese mantis originally from China, introduced in North America in the years around 1895, the European mantis and monk Carolina.
The mantis is found in meadows, steppes, forest margin. As areas spreading mantis are found in Europe, Asia, to Siberia and Far East, Africa. The species was introduced in North America and Australia.
Food Mantis religiosa
Food mantis, is the other insects, such as crickets, grasshoppers, locusts, flies, even cockroaches.
Features Mantis religiosa
The head Mantis is triangular, very mobile, the only insect that can move its head 180 degrees. Is the masticatory type mouthparts. Has two antennae are filiform. The legs are well developed, the previous ones having thorns.
Previous wings are narrow, thin parchment, and the rear flat membranes, in the tightened state of rest under the previous ones.
Elongated abdomen, consists of segments, ends with two earrings shorts and articulate. The body is usually the green color, but may be yellow or brown. Some species reach up to 15 cm.
Easy to care and most common in terrariums are:
Chinese Mantis (Tenodera aridifolia sinensis), originally from China, was introduced to North America around the year 1895. Chinese Mantis shows a dark green stripe on the sides of the wings. In a terrarium, the ambient temperature should be for this species, between 20 and 26 degrees C. A species rather large and easy to grow.
European Mantis (European Mantis) is one of the most common species in the order Mantodea, native to southern Europe. It was introduced in America in 1899, along with a shipment of herbs. Specific color is green or brown. Speech recognition is very easy after the two black spots are the first pair of appendages.
Mantis Carolina (Stagmomantis carolina) is a species native to the southern United States and one of six species that gasec in North America. It has a color of a dirty brown or dirty green using these colors for camouflage in the environment.
Reproduction Mantis religiosa
Mantis develop by incomplete metamorphosis. Immediately after insemination, female oviposition consisting of 50 up to 400 eggs. The female lays eggs even if it has been fertilized. The eggs are surrounded by a foam mass, which then becomes consistent, ooteca called a capsule chitin.
Larvae hatch in the following spring ooteca and adults differ both in size and in some morphological peculiarities. After four - six molts (depending on species) larvae turn into adult insects.
At maturity, in freedom, reaching only 4-5 larvae. Therefore, if you want to buy a Mantis, you should buy from a breeder or order online from verified sources, which are endangered.
Both adults and larvae are predators specialize, eating only certain species of insects. during mating, she devours partner, ensuring the perpetuation of the species.
The threat of death does not cut male sexual appetite, which in type decapitation copulate more vigorously because of nervous reflex triggered by cannibalism. Average life of a Mantis is two years in captivity. The freedom usually die in the winter.
Gender determination is made by segments of the abdomen, as is a female and a male segment 5-6 7-8 segments. Another important criterion for determining such that the female shape of the abdomen is round.
The Mantis is also famous for decimating harmful insects.
Did you know that:
It is the only insect that can turn his head 180 degrees. This head is very mobile and can rotate in all directions.
Is an insect that moves slowly but is bombing attack on prey.
The male Mantis can not mate while the head is attached to the body. Initiza the cutting head female male sex.