Hercules beetle<<<< Back to insects
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Coleoptera
- Family: Scarabaeidae
- Genus: Dynastes
- Conservation status: Least concern
- Areal: Central and South America
- Habitat: Tropical Rainforest
- Diet: Omnivore
- Size: 4cm - 17cm (1.5in - 6.7in)
- Colors: Black, Brown, Green, Blue, White, Yellow
- Prey: Decaying wood, Fruit, Leaves
- Predators: Bats, Rats, small Birds
- Lifespan: 3 - 5 months
- Reproduction: about 100 Eggs
- Special Features: Hard, armoured shell and horn-like pincers
Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) is the largest beetle of the family to which it belongs. He lives in the rainforests of Central and South America.
The name was given by the ability to lift weights 850 times larger than his body.
Number Hercules beetle populations is in continuous decline due to habitat loss (deforestation, water pollution and air).
It is a beautiful species that will soon be extinct.
Food Hercules beetle
Hercules beetle spends most of his time looking for food, both as larvae and as adults. When larvae dig tunnels and search favorite tree roots for food.
As an adult covers a much larger area and looking at ground level food.
Hercules beetle is omnivorous. Most of the food that they eat throughout life is based on plants.
Roots are favorites, but also eat fruit and other small insects.
Features Hercules beetle
Hercules beetle is the largest and most famous of his type. The largest specimens over 17cm long. Only males have these large claws, which makes sexual dimorphism be obvious. Males are the ones who have horns.
The female body is higher. Subspecies below have sizes between 5 and 15cm. In general descriptions females appear to be smaller because many males are measurement with clamps.
Hercules beetle horns can grow bigger than its body. They are used to resolve disputes between males. Its natural enemies bats, rats, birds, reptiles and other animals omnivores.
By far the birds are the most dangerous. Hercules beetle is one of the most powerful beings on earth. It can pick up and more than 850 times its weight.
Adults can emit a sound when they feel threatened, are handgrip or a predator. If they can fly as they try to escape.
- Dynastes hercules baudrii
- Dynastes hercules Bleuzen
- Dynastes hercules ecuatorianus
- Dynastes hercules hercules
- Dynastes hercules septentrionalis
- Dynastes hercules tuxtlaensis
- Dynastes hercules occidentals
Reproduction Hercules beetle
Hercules beetle larva stage to last up to two years, and the larva grows up to 11 cm and reach a weight of 100 grams. Most of his life in the larva stage is to drill tunnel searching for roots to feed.
At the end of the larva turns to pupa develops adult beetle. Adults will cross a large area in search of food favorite.
Maculii are struggling severe reproduction. The fight takes place until one of the two fails.
Mate with the female winner. Mating takes place in the rainy season (July to December). Adults become sexually mature after the age of 15-22 months.
The female lays up to 100 eggs in the ground. The gestation period is 30 days. After egg laying do not need maternal care.
After birth the larvae go through several stages as they grow.
Did you know that:
Duke severe lupri other males for mating
It is considered the most powerful being that can lift and carry 850 times its weight
It has horns longer than the body.
Without horns female is larger than the male.