Elephant beetle<<<< Back to insects
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Coleoptera
- Family: Scarabaeidae
- Genus: Dynastes
- Conservation status: Least concern
- Areal: Central and South America
- Habitat: Tropical Rainforest
- Diet: Omnivore
- Size: 4cm - 17cm (1.5in - 6.7in)
- Colors: Black, Brown, Green, Blue, White, Yellow
- Prey: Decaying wood, Fruit, Leaves
- Predators: Bats, Rats, Birds
- Lifespan: 3 - 5 months
- Reproduction: about 100 Eggs
- Special Features: Hard, armoured shell and horn-like pincers
Beetle elephant (Elephas Megasoma) belongs to the family Scarabaeidae. It is one of the largest beetles endemic (belonging to the area) in western Mexico.
They can also be found in Central America, South America and Australia to an altitude of 1000 m.
They are found in the forests of Puerto Vallarta in the period from October to February.
It lives in tropical forests and is active mostly at night. Even if the rainy season and low temperatures has the potential to maintain high body temperature.
The population has fallen sharply along with tropical deforestation due to reduced mating scene. The greatest threat to elephant beetle habitat loss.
In some countries as Nicaragua, Costa Rica and others, the male head is decorated with gold and used charms. And this has reduced the number of these wonderful species.
At the time of writing there are no known species conservation measures.
Food Elephant beetle
They feed on fruit fallen to the ground or rotten bark. Longer feed on flowers and other fruits.
In captivity they are fed all exotic fruits such as pineapple, litchi, bark
Features Elephant beetle
Males can reach the size of 8-12 cm or more. You can see pictures of the impressive size of these insects in the pictures below. Females are much smaller, sometimes half the males and have horns.
The horns of males are higher compared to body length. They are used to fend off predators and fight for food or mating with other males.
Elephant beetle is black and his body is covered with hair. Feeling that hair is reddish brown insect.
Although they are quite heavy, these insects can fly quite well.Dimensions
- Male Size: 8 cm
- Male horn size: 13 cm
- Larva size: 12 to 22 cm
- Adult Weight: 35 g
- Larvae Weight: 85 g
- Megasoma elephas elephas
- Iijima elephas Megasoma
- Megasoma elephasoccidentalis
Reproduction Elephant beetle
Females lay eggs in hollows of wood, stumps or on the ground. Found larvae and bird hollows or abandoned burrows of small animals.
After about 3 weeks out larvae are white, are colored brown-black head and have six legs.
The larvae feed on wood and need three years to reach the optimal size. The transformation from larva to adult beetle takes about five weeks and takes place at a temperature of 26 degrees Celsius.
After mature these insects live 3-4 months.