Earwig<<<< Back to insects
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Dermaptera
- Suborder: Neodermaptera
- Conservation status: Least concern
- Length: 10 mm (0.4 in) to 25 mm (1.0 in)
- Weight: 2g - 5g (0.07oz - 0.1oz)
- Diet: Omnivore
- Lifespan: 1 - 3 years
- Reproduction: Eggs
Forficula auricularia, European earwig or simply earwig is an insect that belongs to the family omnivorous Forficulidae. Although for many is frightening, it is a harmless insect that tends to make room in the house to feed.
The name earwig comes from rumor that creeps into the human ear and eardrum burst reaching the brain. This rumor is false. There have been cases when these small insects have accidentally entered into the ear. Is a species of insect to survive in a variety of environments.
Earwig is native to Europe, western Asia and North Africa. It was introduced in North America in the 20th century and has spread throughout much of the continent.
Earwigs in North America include two species, one that inhabit cold climates and the second that looks best with European earwig found in temperate zones.
He spends most of the day in dark and inaccessible places such as flowers, fruits, wood cracks, etc. It is active at night looking for food where everything from plant matter to small insects.
Although it is not considered omnivorous predators. Some preferred plants include: hedge mustard, Trifolium repens and Dahlia variabilis.
It is also forms the lower feed on plants, algae and lichens. Prefer meat or sugar even though plants contain natural food source. Adults eat more insects.
Forficula auricularia has an elongated body shape and brown color, two pairs of wings and a pair of pliers. The antennas are composed of 11 to 14 segments. The mouth is the type masticular. Males are polymorphic in weight, length and width of the head.
Male jaws are strong and robust. Female jaws are slightly smaller and straighter. Clamps are used for feeding, mating and self-defense.
Earwigs survive in cold habitats at an optimal temperature of 24 degrees. Adults can tolerate lower temperature applications. To avoid excessive moisture plants looking well drained.
They are known for causing significant damage to crops of flowers, fruit orchards, when the population of the large number of earwigs was added.
Some of the vegetables that we eat are: cabbage, celery, cauliflower, lettuce, potatoes, beets, cucumber, and others, and of the affected fruits are apples, peaches, plums, pears. The most important natural enemies are numerous species of birds.
It has a length of 1-3cm, 2-8 grams weight. The most common colors are black, brown, yellow and cream.
Natural predators are frogs, birds and bugs.
Males with pertenerele find their sense of smell. They are girls in opposite directions, contact being made at abdomiinal and the clamps.
If you are not bothered the two can stay in this position for several hours. After mating the female can lay eggs fertilized.
The eggs are capable of withstanding high and low temperatures. Dpune around 50 eggs. Urechelnitei life expectancy is 1-3 years.
Did you know that:
Male earwig has two penises.
Earwig has a special care of offspring, surround them and looks after them very carefully, like a breeders.