Guineafowl animal<<<< Back to domestic animals
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Aves
- Order: Galliformes
- Family: Numididae
- Species: Numididae
- Conservation Status: Least Concern
- Habitat: Forest, desert and grasslands
- Diet: Omnivore
- Size: 40cm - 71cm (16in - 30in)
- Weight: 0.7kg - 1.6kg (1.5lbs - 3.5lbs)
- Wing Span: 150cm - 180cm (59in - 71in)
- Lives: in Flock
- Colors: Black, White, Brown, Red, Yellow, White, Grey
- Skin type: Feathers
- Speed: 35km/h (22mph)
- Reproduction: 12 eggs
- Distinctive Features: Large body size and bald neck
Numididae family, which includes guinea fowl, is represented by several species that inhabit all of Africa, Madagascar, south of the Sahara, India and southern France. The two major types of family are Numida and gutter.
Those belonging to the first kind have naked head, equipped with beads and helmet. Representatives genre gutter wearing a feather bow head and inhabit wooded regions.
Generally, birds are massive family of guinea fowls, without spurs foot, head and upper neck more or less bare, strong beak, which they use both to defend themselves, and to attack.
Guinea fowl is also referred to as lineman are massive animal, which is a difficult race reach a weight of 5 kg. Guinea fowl (or picheritele) are closely related to chickens, turkeys and quails.
Guinea fowl originated in Africa.
It is recommended that Guinea be kept in the same place as other domesticated species, because they banish the remaining birds from feeding.
Their food consists of insects, herbs, fruits and seeds.
Common guinea fowl are large birds that reach up to 53-58 cm, with a round body and small head. They feathers dark gray, speckled with white spots. The head is equipped with a helmet, the barren bone, yellow or red.
Scalp stained red and blue. The wings are short and rounded tail is also short. Guinea fowl live in large groups, except only in the rutting season, when isolated in pairs.
Widespread in Romania, guinea fowl ancestor of domestic guinea fowl with red beads (Numida meleagris). They resemble partridges and never not associated with other birds in the household.
Run fast and prefer bushes where they hide and seek food. There are many varieties of color, the most famous being that gray pearl. It is particularly valuable for eggs with low cholesterol.
Guinea fowl are reared for their meat quality, which is considered a delicacy. The annual production of eggs is 60-90 units, the average weight of the eggs was 45 g. They are hard shell, filled fine pigment and brown spots, and a pleasant taste.
Their growth is effective in large spaces or intensive systems, ensuring breeding and raising chickens in battery litter. To ensure a high percentage of fertilized eggs, the sex ratio should be 1 male to 5-7 females. They lay their eggs in hidden places, their fine collection pretty heavy.
Guinea fowl meat bones strengthens immunity and cleanse the blood, doctors said. Compared with chickens or other birds, guinea fowl are more resistant to diseases and parasites of all kind.
Guinea fowl eggs are pale gray colored, smaller than the chicken and weigh 43-48 grams.
Have a pear-shaped, thick crust and endurance. Withstand transportation over long distances and retain their flavor for six months, if kept at 0 to 10 degrees C, vitamin A, does not cause allergic reactions in both children and in adults.
An egg contains as many calories, how four chicken eggs. Guinea fowl eggs begin to age for six months. During one season a female is 100-150 eggs.
Guinea fowl are bred and fed largely hen and chicks.
A guinea fowl meat three months, weighing between 2 kg and 2.5 kg, and at maturity 4-5 kg. Guinea fowl are kept in many families four females to one male. Youth can be distinguished by gender at the age of five months. Males have larger head and white feathers.
Did you know that:
Guineafowl will get rid of mice.
Domestic guinea today is common ancestor wild guinea fowl, poultry widespread in wooded areas and in tall grass steppes or mountain plateaus of central Africa.