Goat animal<<<< Back to domestic animals
- Areal: All continents
- Habitat: rugged mountain or desert
- Food: grass, leavess, shrubs, root vegetables, and other kinds of plants
- Weight: 20 – 140 kg
- Height: 41 – 58 cm
- Reproduction: 1 - 6 kids
- Lifespan: 15 - 18 years
- Other names: buck, billy
The goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) was called the "poor man's cow". It can live even in hostile conditions. It is particularly lively and interested in everything happening around it. It adapts very well to its environment. The goat is one of the most playful domestic animals. The kid is most beloved of all pet young – is harmless even with children.
If there are no grazing possibilities, the fodder is good also. The goat eats 2-3kg of dry food a day. But, unlike what is known from people, the goat is a picky animal: gets tired quickly of one kind of fodder. It needs a varied diet, consisting of various weeds and fruits. During winter season it is recommended feeding it 1-1.5 kg of straw and 2kg of beets per day.
The man recognized the importance of milk in the diet from ancient times. Many generations grew up with goat milk. Because this animal doesn’t spread the TB patogene, as does the cow, in the period before the heat treatment of milk, goat milk consumption was the best and healthiest way to prevent possible diseases.
Nowadays, after many studies and research, it was shown that goat milk is very healthy and valuable. It is easy to digest, rich in vitamins (A, E, K and C) and minerals, also amino acids.
Most goats have two horns of different sizes depending on the breed. The horns are made of bone and serve as defense, dominance and territory preservation. Goats are ruminants, their stomach is divided into 4 rooms. Several goats and bucks have beards and wattles in the neck area. Goat’s tail is short and pointed up.
The sound it makes is called bleating.
The Pygmy goat is a breed of miniature domestic goat.
The goat, like the sheep, is among the first domesticated animals. Its ability to ”use” everything it finds is unique among domestic animals. Steep surfaces and uncultivated lands are a play for this creature. It really needs to move. Occupies the first places among the animals that produce most milk (considering its size and weight).
Its meat is very good, while the hair and skin are raw materials in certain industries. Goats should be allowed to graze – this is beneficial both for farmers and animals. For many species of goats, the ability to live in herds is very small. Therefore it is indicated that their growth should be done around sheeps. Goats are often found in sheep herds.
Goats have a strong character. They are curious and intelligent; they will explore everything new around them with the help of the upper lip and tongue. They will push all kinds of buttons, break cameras, ruin clothes or eat small objects that they can swallow. Goats are known for their ability to climb trees. They are very good climbers.
Goats, like many other animals raised for meat and milk, go into estrus at regular intervals in the autumn months, although this can vary depending on the location where they are grown. In temperate climates, a goat can be in heat at any time of year. Usually, each gestation means a kid. In some cases, the goat may give birth to twins. A goat will be able to reproduce at the age of one year. On average, the female must reach the weight of 34 kg before reproducing, although this can vary depending on the breed and its descendants.
In the autumn months, the day becomes shorter and this is the sign that the mating season begins. In this period it is normal to see a goat in heat. In equatorial areas, these animals are reproducing throughout the year. With a gestation period of about 150 days, a goat could give birth to a kid in the spring months.
It is absolutely necessary to visit the vet. He can also advise you on a certain diet. There are various diseases that can affect the pregnant goat and the kid in her womb. Besides the regular annual vaccinations, including tetanus shots, there are special vaccines to be administered to the animal before reproduction.
When a goat is in heat, this indicates that it is ready to breed. Behavior changes associated with a goat in heat are its vocalizations (ie call partner), seeking other goats, increased interest for bucks and flattery, which includes tail wagging. Low appetite is not something abnormal with animals in heat. There are a several ways by which you can tell if a reproduction act will be successful. Ultrasound devices can effectively detect an embryo 45 days away from gestation. There are also two other forms for testing whether the animal is pregnant or not. One of the tests examines the hormone levels in the milk or blood. Another method tests the level of certain proteins in the blood.
By the age of 4 months, kids get the same type of food. Then, the breeder must select and separate them into two groups: kids reared for meat to be slaughtered and kids for raising.
Did you know that:
You can not tell if a goat is pregnant or not just by looking at it, even in late pregnancy.
Goats produce 2% of the world's milk.
Natural goat milk cures many diseases including some rare ones.