Donkey animal<<<< Back to domestic animals
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Mammalia
- Order: Perissodactyla
- Family: Equidae
- Genus: Equus
- Species: Equus Asinus
- Conservation Status: Least Concern
- Habitat: Arid forests and deserts
- Diet: Herbivore
- Size: 90cm - 130cm (35in - 51in)
- Weight: 200kg - 258kg (441lbs - 570lbs)
- Lives: in Herd
- Colors: Grey, Brown, Black
- Skin type: Fur
- Speed: 25km/h (15mph)
- Reproduction: 1
- Distinctive Features: Stocky body and hee-haw sounds
Today donkey (Equus africanus asinus) is the African wild ass, which has three known subspecies: the Atlantic, Nubian and Somali. Domestication occurred about 4-6 thousand years ago. During domestication, Donkey did not play a significant role in history, as happened in other domestic species of large stature, and horse.
Its existence was decisive in the development of human civilization, while the donkey had no speed, no power to help him compete with majestic stallion. Therefore, the colt was very common in less developed areas, poorer and the major trade routes, is of great help to carat luggage.
Donkeys today in the Carpathian Basin already lived there for centuries, but no one took care of their growth itself.
The early twentieth century there have been some initiatives to create cultures in the areas noble, but until today they have disappeared completely. In Hungary, in 2003 founded Hungarian Society Breeders asses, who aims to record the 4-5 thousand existing animals and try increasing donkey race called fallow / Ses.
Their goal increases as the formation of a herd with a well proportioned stature, looking trustworthy, gentle, with good behavior, prone to work. It will have to bear the optimal characteristics of species such as resistance to environmental factors (weather, nutrition, diseases), to be unpretentious, have power and high capacity so compared stature, but have a validity period long in the workforce (20-25 years).
Donkey is modest. On how growth is modest donkey, feeds and shoddy plants, grasses and weeds that horses do not eat. There are no claims related to shelter, accept a humble edifice. However, hardly tolerate the cold, wind and moisture cools easier than horses with which shelters.
Asses like more food from various herbs in mixed fodder. Often graze and prickly plants give the horse. This does not mean that content with any weeds. Moldy food and mocanita it is as damaging as any other animal. Menu alfalfa is considered a desert, and a piece of corn can make happy.
Do not eat carrots, instead loves dry bread! For optimal feeding grain of any kind, but must take into consideration the quality of feed in pastures. You must continuously monitor the health, over- or malnutrition is not desirable.
So if you can provide enough food varied. To complete the menu, you can add more blocks of salt and, if necessary, limestone feed. Regarding water has the same needs as any other domestic animal.
Donkeys can be grouped according to weight, with the following characteristics:
... bones were fine, thin skin, soft hair. The head is small, the skull is broad, the nose is short and finuta. Line profile of the head is usually right deltoid head often takes the form rarely gets too fine lines, hence the name "pike head." The ears are relatively small and mobile. The neck is short and very muscular, slightly tapering trunk and croup often have weak muscles. Temperament is lively, donkeys are unfussy and extremely resistant.
Medium sized donkey
Bones of medium stature donkeys are hard, their body is strong and very muscular. The skull and the muzzle is well proportioned skull line is simple or semiberbec, as well as the profile of the nasal bridge, the so-called profile sheep's head is quite common. Ears are mobile, medium size. Their lively temperament, are unfussy and very good workforce.
Large individuals are more robust bones, sometimes spongy skin is thick, big head, often form similar to the ram with big ears and less mobile. Body structure is no cohesion often have disproportionate body and neck muscles is poor.
Hoof horny material often is poor quality. Donkeys have a phlegmatic temperament large are demanding food and reach harder than relatives smaller stature. In summer, high heat, they often appear injuries to the skin, sometimes eczema. Donkeys too high a grade and temperament phlegmatic constitution generally are not popular.
The characteristic advantageous donkey are looking bright, expressive and straight ears worn on a head dry throat firmly planted, back long and straight, Liver strained, croup slightly sloping and short, muscular back, allowing optimal fit of the harness chest arched, strong legs and robust, with large joints, hooves countries. Report of body parts donkey confirm harmonious appearance.
The most common colors are various shades of chipboards, such as brown, dark brown and black, but also can be found sprinkled with white hair and variants that age as they fade to gray. Cross back it is characteristic of the species and its color is always a lighter shade. Often there is a bright ring around the eyes (oculi), around the mouth, nose, belly. Those who open their belly hair and between his legs too, and in frequent cases find black coloration in the lower leg.
Occur frequently and horizontal stripes (zebroide) limb. Sometimes arise as a spontaneous mutation Isabella donkeys color (white). They are generally more stringent environmental factors, for example, are more sensitive to sunlight than specimens have pigmented skin background. However, hobbies, white donkey, may be preferable in some cases and it is a shame to be neglected just because of unusual color.
Compared to the "shoes" horse, donkey hooves are sharp with horny material harder prone to narrowing. In the absence of regular hoof care, they become much easier steep, dry, narrow, which affects the usefulness of the animal. This is why tired faster, so in front of the cart, and in other situations.
Not stubborn donkey! Donkey fits easily in the household, it can easily associate with other species of animals: horses, goats, sheep, etc. If you keep several species together, stalls and pens must be sufficiently large. Grow relatively slow development is complete at the age of 5-6 years, but with good growth already at the age of 2-2.5 years can easily straddles, can catch in front carts or even multiply. In training it is advisable to not use harsh gestures and not expect immediate success quickly. If during the above respectii care, Donkey will work with joy. It does not require beating, despite popular recomarilor.
The gestation period is 12 months a donkey, so pairing has timed so that the days of calving take place in April-June, because the need is greater and heat may be offered and eating a vitamin.
Colt is born very developed and already on the second day running. Legs and long ears seem a little strange, but very cool and multiple rewards attention and love given. Stubborn donkey in proverbs characterizing generally does not correspond to reality, because the young animals teasing and abuse people for them, they lose confidence.
In order to maintain their trust, you have to handle regularly donkeys know your voice, at least weekly to brush their fur and hooves to clean.
Did you know that:
Donkey was a wild animal to its domestication to the Egyptians. The purpose for which it was tamed to different things.
A wild ass in Mongolia run faster than a reindeer
Donkey is used to guard flocks and recently are used in healing sick children.