Chicken animal<<<< Back to domestic animals
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Aves
- Order: Galliformes
- Family: Phasianidae
- Genus: Gallus
- Species: Gallus Gallus
- Conservation Status: Least Concern
- Habitat: Open woodland and sheltered grassland
- Diet: Omnivore
- Size: 30cm - 45cm (11.8in - 17.7in)
- Weight: 45cm - 60cm (17.7in - 23.6in)
- Wing span: 45cm - 60cm (17.7in - 23.6in)
- Lives: in Flock
- Colors: Red, Black, Brown, White, Yellow, Orange
- Skin type: Feathers
- Prey: Seeds, Fruit, Insects, Berries
- Predators: Human, Fox, Raccoon
- Speed: 15km/h (9mph)
- Reproduction: about 2 eggs
- Distinctive Features: Sharp, pointed beak and clucking sounds
Domestic chicken, Gallus Descended from wild ancestor, a bird that resemble some of backyard chickens in color plumage, the body conformantiei and sounds that scoate.Domesticirea chicken was done in Asia long before our era .
The first written mentions about the presence of domestic chickens in Europe are found in Greek and Roman writers making numerous references, records of a domestic fowl in Europe telling us so Gauls, Slavs and old. Domestication caused some changes in the morphology, physiology and behavior.
Appearance of morphological changes and amplifying the ditch strictly related to certain physiological changes in the body hereditary basis bird manifested by dozens of generations (perhaps hundreds, even thousands) tamed and bred in captivity.
Nobody knows how they got chickens current territory of our country, by whom and to what period. However, chickens, chicken and rooster became extremely popular which is seen not only in what we put on the table, but also in language.
From chicken derived words like chicken shit and chicken shit. This indicates that the chickens were cheap, who was eligible for stealing a chicken is a villain small scale. From here, pilfering and pilfering were related to minor offenses.
There are some interesting expressions: to sleep with the chickens, to have blind hens, the hens laugh (turkey) can not? hen house, dumb as a chicken, a chicken (turkey) rain etc. Are phrases that we use mechanical, often without thinking of origin.
Usually poultry chickens are not very demanding. No specific food needs, especially if they raise for eggs and meat.
Bran, maize, wheat, grass, lettuce, onions, tomatoes, all eat.
Obviously, from time to time it's good to give them and some special feed available on the market in Romania.
Although for the elderly or for those who grew up in the country, to keep birds in the yard does not seem a very complicated job, things are never? so simple.
Poultry can not live all in one place. Incompatibilities exist even in the yard. Depending on the type, age group, type, must be separately grown birds.
Depending on the species and birds have certain needs. For example, rates move not really get along with geese and chickens are not friends with majestic dwarf turkeys.
Also chickens is good to stay away from this older chickens, especially roosters. Primarily due to viruses that babies can acquire them as well as larger chickens will beat them children.
It indicated that the chicken pen to be a large portion of grass. In winter, when temperatures drop, chickens must have a kennel where frost does not penetrate.
The temperature in the nest should not? falls below 13 degrees Celsius. If it's too cold or chicken will not give eggs. To prevent illness birds, it should have a ventilation system, the more moisture if the nest is at a high level.
Most know what it looks like a hen or a rooster.
It's a bird with sharp beak, feather colorful legs end with claws, wings are not very long, therefore not fly only a few meters up.
To see some breeds of chickens:
Kurokashiwa race is considered to be part of the group ornamental bird with long tail and, although it has a fairly long scream, and not part of the group of birds "singing" Japanese. The coconut comes dinre a line developed in north-central Japan and has a beautiful shape, characteristics, and a tail rich with exceptional line. There are usually two predominant types of plumage.
The feathers on the back are very rich, but not expressive long. The cry of the cock is long and strong, without undulations and other sounds. Some sources claim that the bird is a bird Kurokashiwa with loud cries and should not be listed in this category, since all existing copies of this breed in Europe have very long scream.
The girl is completely black hens and cocks is reddish-black, long black pigment based ridge. Tapla leg color is dark olive with spots. Fingernail must be colored dark gray. Big bird, chicken is excellent mother nature. If handled in regular mode, this breed can become very affectionate and can be wonderful pets.
Totenko breed is a member of the group called long with Kurokashiwa, Tomaru and Koyeoshi. Not to be confused with Phoeix German race, which shows many similarities (earlobes white, long feathers). The distinguishing factor between Totenko and Phoenix consists of green-olive feet and tail open rather than close, the birds Totenko.
Another differentiating factor is housing and the body, which are lighter and more delicate in structure than the phoenix. Due to the characteristics very similar to race Phoenix race Totenko been refused recognition in Germany in recent years.
These birds are primarily mash with long scream, and only secondly, long-tailed birds. If crossed with other breeds, the voice can be lost very quickly.
The most important of these birds reproduce very delicate surveillance is to cooperate with other breeders and to exchange animals when needed fresh blood in the selection process.
Bird Totenko is on as rare as it is spectacularly beautiful, and it is a real scream song. What they want to grow these birds must be prepared to devote much time and effort, because these birds, most birds Japanese have strong and resilient nature of European birds. Totenko, as well as other ornamental birds (Shamo, Ko-Shamo, Chiba) are highly susceptible to bacterial and viral bacteria in the western world.
Be prepared with coccidia drugs especially when they are young, because many of these birds can die suddenly due to common bacterial infections. Features: crest simple earlobe is white, eyes are red-brown
Ohiki breed chickens are small in stature and body size varies pound line particular color birds.
What is very important in this breed is Chabo housing or Cochin, tiny rump of these birds with a distinctive shape, well rounded. There are also different types of Ohiki, according plumage, some of these types with some more blood Onagadori, which gave it the characteristic long tail, long 90 cm. Not all Japanese agree with this line of reproduction. Some types have tail of 60-80 cm, making it easy to carry these tiny birds.
Feathers must tinga back ground. Leg color is olive, and this color is reflected and earlobes until the birds reach maturity in development. It remparcat that reflect the color earlobe feet, which is quite rare.
Ohiki race shows some reproductive problems, but generally not as delicate as other Japanese breeds bred in Europe.
All animals are guided by basic natural instincts and chickens are no exception. One of the strongest instincts is manifested chickens to hatch. Hatching is a cyclical process that most chickens go from time to time.
Once you're clear as a bird hatches, must be very vigilant. It is normal for a hen to leave their nest only once or twice in 24 hours for food, drinking water and to make their needs! You must ensure that drinking water and eating as seriously risk getting sick if you drink liquids for 24-48 hours. You may need to take arms and go to the place of food and drinking water.
Although access to food and water should be facilitated as much as possible, you must resist the temptation to put any food nests, because this will discourage hens to move and perhaps starts to defecate in the nest. To reduce the risks associated with low activity and parasitic infections, a hen hatches must be checked and, if necessary, treated with appropriate medication.
Chicken may weaken during clocrii, but the upside is that more than 21 days, the hen will reward you with one or more offspring fluffy and you can enjoy that Mother Nature has made a new job, helping hen their chicks grow.
Did you know that:
Chickens absorb vitamin D from the sun through feathers
A chicken is on average between 250 and 270 eggs per year
The manure produced by a hen lifetime can generate enough energy for a 100W to light for 5 hours.
Fed certain paints, colored eggs chickens can.
A maximum speed is 14km hens / h.
Worldwide there are more chickens than people.