Cat animal<<<< Back to domestic animals
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Mammalia
- Order: Carnivora
- Family: Felidae
- Genus: Felis
- Species: Felis catus
- Conservation Status: Least Concern
- Habitat: indoor or nearby house
- Diet: Carnivore
- Size: 35cm (14in)
- Weight: 4.5kg (10lbs)
- Lives: Solitary
- Colors: All colors (depend on breed)
- Skin type: Fur
- Speed: 48km/h (30mph)
- Reproduction: 3 - 8 kittens
- Distinctive Features: miawn and purr like a diesel
House cat, domestic cat (Felis catus) or matte is a mammal of the order carnivores family Felidae, subfamily felinae (feline). With people it is over 9500 years and is now best known domestic animal worldwide.
The cat is very close to the European wildcat (Felis silvestris silvestris). Cat lives in close contact with humans for at least 3,500 years, being used by the Egyptians to keep out mice. Despite the domestication of the cat has not lost the ability to live in the wild, where they form colonies. According to the study published in the Journal of Archaeological Science, the Egyptians were those who turned cats pets.
According to expert studies:
A child who grows an animal in the house develops a stronger immune system, is more resistant to pathogens, are less prone to allergies get sick more difficult and is generally healthier than other children.
A child who grows an animal at home learn to take responsibility, it is less selfish and socially better suited than other children. In addition, he will not have the violence or to animals or to humans - will develop a balanced personality and will sharpen your sense of observation.
Although most domestic cats and do not have to catch food, their instinct is to hunt. Sensitive nose detects fast food.
Due to their feet with soft cushions, they can pursue their prey without being seen until they are close enough to jump. Prey claws and kills with a strong bite, usually the neck, breaking the victim's neck.
Even a domestic cat is hunting instincts of their wild relatives. Cats often play with their prey rather than kill immediately. They usually hunt at night, catching mice, small birds and insects.
A cat is picky when it is given food that feels when food is not good, it can be either broken or is something not usually eat it. Cats avoid odors, that does not eat anything. Generally cat watch for foods with vinegar, lemon, citrus and everything pungent, sour, bitter, wine, bananas, baking powder, etc.
Its main food around which all foods should be hunted. Even if domestic has well-developed hunting instincts.
Cat prefer chicken liver, rabbit meat, turkey, goose, etc., cooked in a certain way or envelope for cats. If you give a packet or canned food is well vary. While allergies can not be healthy. Think like you only eat potato stew days 15 years.
Outside food is a must have fresh water daily discretion.
Cat skeleton consists of 250 bones. At the head stands teeth, incisors, canines and premolars without molars (tooth has no TV). This tear and swallow food without chewing it. Neck vertebrae are short and very flexible backbone.
Spine tail vertebrae extend their number varying by race. The tail is involved in balance. Forefeet ends with five "fingers" claw retractable keratinous provided; hind paws, longer ends with four "fingers" also equipped with retractable claws.
Back muscles are very flexible, the hind paws of powerful features to give the animal a flexibility and "expansion" in the broad jump.
Cat hair is made of long wearing "drawing" (spots, stripes, etc.), under which there are wires shorter and finally, fluff, all providing good insulation body. Smell the cat is four times more developed than human and is of major importance in the social life of the cat, the delimitation of the territory. Moreover, smell is the means to check that food is not altered or poisoned them.
Sometimes cats sharing the same living environment can fight, as a way of demonstrating skills; also can be a harmless play. It is also establishing a hierarchy and how a group of cats or a warning about a cat you break a rule group. Once they broke up, they must be separated in separate rooms until they have a tendency to fight. Master never physically intervenes in their struggle, because it can be scratched or bitten seriously.
Cats need to scratch, the process that removes unnecessary layers of tissue that is horny claws. The stretch is practicing muscles, joints and tendons. If the cat scratches furniture from home means that it needs a surface on which to sharpen their claws. To eliminate this problem, owners can purchase claws sharp surfaces, positioning them in places with the greatest interest for cats.
Stressed or diseased cats can scratch or bite people, behavior that can occur when the cat does not feel like nicknames and comfort, especially on the belly. Mana should not be withdrawn abruptly cat claws or teeth, thus causing more serious injuries. The cat should not be shaken, hit or slapped because she will not understand what is beaten, but the people that loves a hit for unknown reasons.
The cat is an independent animal. Unlike the dog, she walks and self-cleaning.
Meowing cat sound is manifest; generally a silent animal, it can sometimes be noticed looking mieunand hours or to ask for food or to require them to open the door, for example. Some breeds are more noisy than others, such as Siamese.
From the first days of life, baby cat purrs during suckling and the mother responds. She purrs of pleasure, as well as suffering stress, hurt or even dying, hear purring. Most often, she purrs to express addiction; from mother at birth for man later when sick or when caressed.
Cat sleeps on average 15 to 18 hours a day, being active only about 6-9 hours, especially some of the night, the best period for hunting. According to studies, the cat is the animal with the highest proportion of paradoxical sleep phase during which she dreams. Meanwhile, there was a very intense electrical activity of the brain, eyes and muscles.
The most common reasons for people who dislike cats are allergic reactions to allergens such as cat dander and saliva. Washing cats frequently (weekly bathing remove 90% of allergens carried by the cat in the medium).
Cats are capable of reproduction generally from the age of nine months (though cats were seen giving birth only seven months). The female goes through numerous periods of "heat", especially in spring and autumn. In this period, the female cat adopt a hyperactive behavior and quite unpleasant for owners: seeking comfort, rubs and rolls away, meows loudly to announce her condition Puss surroundings.
As for males, they mark their territory jets projecting very strong smelling urine. If allowed to stand, they often fight with other males, weaken and neglect their toilet, which exposes them to contagion or contracting diseases. It is recommended early sterilization.
When male cats are about to acupla with a female, it must first be agreed. during acuplarii, the male behind the female and climb immobilized, biting her neck skin. Towards the end of the act, the female tends to moan, annoyed.
The reason is that the male penis is designed such that small formations thorny stimulates the female vaginal pain in order to trigger ovulation. At each penetration, the female will issue a new egg, which explains the existence of the same generation offspring that may come from different fathers.
Gestation lasts about 60 days, an average of four chicks wearing cat. In three weeks, the female breasts to increase in volume and turn red. Then abdomen swell and your appetite will increase as the pregnancy to term finishes. during pregnancy, the cat will look human condition; it is recommended that cat owners caressing abdomen, puppies get used to human contact.
At seven weeks, the cat will begin to seek a quiet and isolated, according to birth (a cabinet, a box ...). At near term (between 60 and 70 days after conception), the cat becomes agitated, so it is important that the owner be present to assist.
After about 20 minutes after the onset of contractions, the first baby born cat will then follow other quickly even after several hours, up to 24 hours to complete the birth. Pups are born protected by a shield that cats tearing it and then lick the baby to stimulate breathing and ended up eating the placenta, which contains nutrients and cut the umbilical cord.
The chicken will try to suckle immediately after birth, continuing at intervals of 20 minutes. Puppies get used to human contact, the owners have to take them in hand every day, without to exceed the duration of five minutes. Kitten is born blind and deaf, weighing between 80 and 100 grams; 7-10 days after birth, when you open your eyes, they are blue, by the age of two months, they will change the final color. Breastfeeding lasts three months, during which time the cat will learn to wash chickens, to feed, to hunt etc.
Cat has highly developed maternal instinct: it will deal with devotion kittens will oversee, will spend all your time with them and will discipline needed. in general, adult cats will be present when the chickens go to "discover" the world, and in some strains, even male offspring take part in education.
Did you know that:
The cat is the only feline that purrs when adult.
Currently cat is the most popular animal.
Domestic cats catch a large number of birds, reptiles and rodents annually? Some species extinction peaking.
More than half of sleep a day, the most active times are morning and at dusk.