Vizsla dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Hungary
- Group: Sporting
- Weight: 18-27 kg
- Height: 50-65 cm
- Colors: gold, red, rust
- Training: relatively easy
- Grooming: easy to groom
- Temperament: gentle, loyal, energetic, quiet, loving
- Health: generally healthy
- Litter size: 6 - 8 puppies
- Lifespan: 12 - 15 years
- Other names: Hungarian Short-haired Pointing Dog Magyar Vizsla Rovidszoru, Hungarian Pointer, Magyar Vizsla
Vizsla breed dogs are part of the early history of Hungary. Primitive engravings dated to about 1,000 years ago reproduce accompanied by Hungarian nobles hunting hawk and dogs silhouettes very similar to those exhibited by dogs Vizsla today.
There are no certainties, but it seems that these dogs accompanied Hungarian tribes during migrations from the Asian steppes Carpathian basin and the Pannonian Plain, is mainly used for hunting.
Because populations Finno-Ugric - ancestors of Hungarians - are essentially Turkic peoples, some experts have advanced the idea that Vizsla is the result of crossbreeding earliest of dogs chased raised by the Magyar tribes and breed the larger, muscular and May slow, prefer the Turks and brought by them in the Pannonian Plain.
This theory seems hardly relevant, because Turkey has so far homologated nor any breed of hunting dog and, in addition, was considered noble Ottoman tradition falconry, without placing any value on the dogs. First mention in writing dates from 1375, the race was recorded in Vienna's Illustrated Chronicle Carmelite sisters prepared by order of King Louis (Lajos) the Great.
In principle, this dog breed was highly appreciated by the Hungarian nobility who adopted without reluctant, keeping strict purity of the breed and taking control reproductions. While the dog has undergone some improvements to lend against both big game in mountainous regions and hill and at hunts in the Danube meadow (birds and small animals). Initially, Vizsla dog was pointers, but with the development and spread of firearms, has adapted admirably in the role of intake of success.
This breed survived the Turkish occupation established in Hungary (1526-1696), the events of the Revolution of 1848, the First and the Second World War milestone tumultuous and devastating effects on Hungarian territory.
Several times the breed was on the brink of extinction (at one time seemed threatened with complete replacement of breeds Pointer English and German), but the most difficult period was recorded after the Second World War, when, according to stories, remained little more than a dozen copies of purebred Vizsla dogs all over Hungary.
Salvation came from citizens who had fled with all the dogs in front plague of war and that at its completion, were repatriated and contributed to the formation of a primary gene pool from which it was possible revival of the breed.
Vizsla dogs arrived on US soil at the end of the second world conflagration and arrived quickly be appreciated and searched. In November 25, 1960 Vizsla became the 115th breed recognized by reputable AKC Canine. Vizsla are highly appreciated in Britain, where over 1,000 registered annually are chicken breed canine associations and clubs.
Any breed of dog food has specific needs in a greater or smaller and the Vizsla breed dogs fall into the category of certain sensitivities. From the start you can not say that animals are "picky" with an appetite difficult times.
On the contrary, are characterized by an appetite absolutely healthy - in fact is a dog of medium to large - and when things are different, you should check that his health is good and if you suffer from a certain ailment .
There are three defining aspects of the past of this dog that define its profile feeding "qualification", which received a favorable status as the favorite animal of Hungarian nobility and predisposition to allergies, many triggered by food regime.
Card of the race says unequivocally: Vizsla is a hunting dog. Thanks to this background will always require the kind of food with a high percentage of animal fat, as is the case with the lamb and poultry.
Game meat (rabbit, venison) is again well digested and is recommended when available. Some breeders even recommend raw meat in small portions periodically given, including the game - especially in dogs that are actively engaged in hunting - for a more accurate reconstruction of ancestral feeding habits.
Debates on this subject are still open, with numerous positions against (the danger of infestation with various germs and parasites, exacerbation of atavistic instincts, although their features tougher difficulty purchasing etc.), and favorable enough.
It must be acknowledged that a dog that remains carnivore descended from wolves, even opportunism or in terms of identifying sources of feeding and malleability potetialelor proven in this chapter are causing many to characterize it as an omnivore.
Although overall are robust dogs, enjoying a good health, dogs Vizsla shows a predisposition for skin allergies and those with basic food. Unfortunately there is no clear list of foods and food ingredients containing harmful, but reactions occur specifically customized to each copy.
Most reactions occur in the transition from junior to feed dog food for adults. Choose a quality food carefully and gradually integrate a diet, monitoring how it is received and body reactions.
It is good that in periods where you have to change your dog's diet for different reasons (age stage, the exhaustion of a brand previously used, recommended diet, etc.) to consult closely with a veterinarian. In conjunction with this you will be more able to prevent the escalation of any health problems and to combat them effectively.
Vizsla is a dog type NPR (nose, point and retrieve) - that has a good smell, make a firm and aporteaza pointers in all categories of land. The purity of the breed, with wonderful rusty gold color robe, and anatomical factors is highlighted by a type of behavior which places it among dogs distinct punters, both the origins as well as continental island.
General appearance Vizsla dogs - suggests dignity and a subtle force, under the appearance of apparent fragility. The head has a noble line with the wider skull, slightly domed, line the nose right, well delimited by stop strongly shaped skull. The muzzle is broad, powerful, massive jaws, teeth showcasing scissor bite.
Lips are taut, large nose is the coat color. The eyes are moderately large, rounded in amber tones, sometimes green. The ears are triangular overall shape, the tip of which is rounded head without falling apart form folds. The neck is fairly long, lean, beautiful arched, making a smooth transition to elongate the torso and muscular chest wide and deep enough to scramble.
The legs are long, straight, upright correct. Hind legs are strong, muscular thighs. The dog is very elastic wrists States, the Vizsla sitting position is very compact, with forelegs close to the chest.
Tail used to be shortened to two thirds of its length. The most common varieties hair is short, smooth, good lying all over the body. The long-haired and rough copies (rare) robe resembles that of BRAC German wire.
This dog is sensitive, intelligent, balanced, always ready and even eager to learn. Vizsla consistently proves lively, very adaptable. Obedient and devoted to his master, he is affectionate and loving with children.
Well-balanced temperament, it feels comfortable in the middle of large families. Sometimes, especially males, are proving true "sentimental swindlers" evidence of affection and worshiping begging to be spoiled.
But it will be easily corrected. Foreigners are quick notice and indicated by barking, but do not get aggressive approaches are easily accepted if the owner treats them kindly. Vizsla is a dog that barks a lot, is very vocal, and therefore require special training to master. Gets along well with other dogs and other animals in the household. It's a dog with a high level of activity that likes to do more exercise, have occupation.
Imagination is a very rich and Vizsla dog, agility coupled with physical feature, create a master overconfident many surprises. Escape "miracle" of the most difficult places and get things seemingly unapproachable thought if he put it. It is recommended that active people can make time for their dog for long walks remove, to let him run, fetch, swim.
And it can be kept in an apartment if done daily movement needs physically and mentally, being linsitit then. But it feels better in a fenced yard where it can move freely. He needs training and socializing.
Viszla is a breed of medium to large dogs, which recorded a rate of behavioral maturation quite slow. Lively, playful, demanding and mischievous, so a dog could be described Viszla during its first three years of life. Typically, these traits are revealed by the large and giant breed dogs, but to the delight of children in the family and to the dismay of adults (sometimes), this dog extends its "childhood innocence" a long period.
Which is good to note from the start in life with Vizsla: dogs are not pets passive; they will never sit quietly and silently in a corner waiting to be disregarded. And also, just as importantly, beyond their apparent strength and energy emanating, not outdoor dogs. Can not adapt to their conditions winter living in a pen outside, placed in the yard, even if they arrange a cage well insulated.
Vizsla dogs need to be involved in family activities, feel they are effectively part of it, to "supervise" any action that takes place in the home and can even help with small errands. To master ideal - who prefer an active lifestyle and varied accept active involvement of the dog alive and habitalul internal his family and give proof of understanding the needs and requests of the dog or - Vizsla turns in compensation, a comforting partner. Discern in him an intelligent, creative and responsive.
Footprint hunting dog is as strong internal structure of these dogs as in "dawn" appearance race with more than a millennium ago. Thus, prey instinct is still dominant in the absence of a fair and adequate training.
Most dogs Vizsla will coexist alongside family cat in good condition if held socialization early and were familiar with each other's presence in time (or grew up together), but the rule is not "chiseled in stone" and this in its area of action other small animals is an act of defiance sacrifice (attention to gender pet hamster, iguana, guinea pigs, rabbits, etc.).
Beyond, Vizsla hunting dog remains a versatile and adaptive power. This sport was the raison d'être of the race over centuries and instincts are still strong. A positive aspect is that Vizsla is not the kind of hunting dog that covers the ground well, but prefer to participate in the action moving at close to the hunter, and his reactions closely at The orders. From this point of view it can be more easily kept under control than other hounds.
Require daily exercise and fun, become destructive if bored.
These dogs have the ability to jump very high, so a minimum 180 cm fence will be necessary to prevent them from leaving the area.
Some Vizsle are sensitive to some anesthetics and medicines. Always consult your veterinarian before starting any treatment Vizsla.
Their fur is short and smooth easy to maintain. Brushing with a brush bristles with shampoos and grooming powder when necessary are all you need to do to keep the coat in good condition.
Vizsla moderate and seasonal shed. Nails should be trimmed regularly and the ears should be checked regularly and toilets to prevent the development of any inflammatory process and notification of this foreign bodies (earth, tsarist, etc.).
As with most breeds, although it is a compact and resistant breed, Vizsla is not exempt from certain sensibilities of medical nature. With an increased frequency of these were reported as follows:
Torsion (dilation) is a disease gastric sudden life threatening animal stomach filling associated with air and twist it.
Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in pain, lameness and arthritis in a row.
Epilepsy is a disorder of the nervous system that occurs predominantly between the ages of 2-5 years.
Von Willebrand disease is a blood disorder that can cause uncontrollable bleeding.
Vizsla is also prone hemophilia, different tumor processes (hemangiosarcoma, osteosarcoma, etc) atopy, dermatitis. Visit the veterinary clinic is absolutely mandatory for these hounds.
Viszlei average lifespan of 13-15 years.