Transylvanian Hound dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Romania
- Group: Hounds
- Weight: 30-35kg
- Height: 45-65 cm
- Colors: black, yellow, white
- Training: heavy, it is stubborn
- Grooming: easy, short hair
- Temperament: devoted, persistent, loyal
- Health: generally healthy
- Litter size: 6 - 8 puppies
- Lifespan: 10 - 12 years
- Other names: Transylvanian Hound, CAPAU, braco Transylvanicus, Hungarian hound, Transylvanian scenthound, Erdelyi Kopo, Transylvanian Bracke, Siebenburgenbracke, Transylvanischer Laufhund, Siebenburgischer Laufhund, Copoi ardelenesc
The breed was formed in Transylvania centuries in specific hunting conditions. Transylvanian Hound comes from crossbreeding of several breeds brought to our country by the Hungarians, Russians and Turks. Following these crosses formed and BRAC rusec (Hound Tatar).
The first illustrations of Transylvanian Hound date from 1100 - 1200. Other illustrations introduces King Sigismund of Luxembourg with a bloodhound before the throne. A silver cup from Transylvania in the 17th century are represented two Transylvanian hounds to hunt bears. The first official record occurred in 1886.
Courts had many noble Transylvanian hounds. Changes in the 19th century and shrinking forest areas have restricted hunting with hounds in Transylvania. In the northern part of Transylvania in 1940 it was part of the Transylvanian Hound endowment gendarmerie units.
Laws hunters in Romania said race "beast of prey" and it was endangered. After 1944 he never recorded any nest Transylvanian purebred bloodhound.
Luck was that some copies remained pure from peasants. Since the 1960s it began reviving the breed and in 1966 Transylvanian Hound was officially recog- nized by the FCI (FCI).
Detailed description of the race is due birdwatchers and hunting Brasov Czynk Ede (1851-1899) who said:
".. The gentlemen from the country organizing hunters well designed, which lasted several days, with the participation of the serfs, which were used and some leashed hounds, hunting that either ransacked or that they were harassed by men chased in front of Marines.
My father, who was born in 1798, even at 84 years ... the story of his grandfather, who lived 89 years in youth hunted bison in the mountains Ghurghiului ... our cops have spread throughout Transylvania ". We find particularly good quality hounds in the mountains, forests stretching most of the country.
Transylvanian Hound is the only breed of hunting dog created in Romania.
Food Transylvanian Hound
Being a dog hunting lodge considerable effort must be quality food. It is good food to be varied. The food should be divided into at least 2-3 meals a day.
During winter it is good food to be served hot. It is recommended that food industries exceed 20% fat.
When going hunting tonight should be fed enough to not have food in the stomach in the morning. It prefers the animal to leave with an empty stomach hunting.
It is part of his diet salami, various soups, chicken legs, rice, etc. It can combine food grains. 50-50 or 40-60.
Description Transylvanian Hound
Transylvanian Hound is present in two varieties, one with short legs and a long-legged. The long-legged has a height of 55-65 cm, while the short legged 45-50 cm.
It is a breed of dog breed dogs higher than average. The scalp has no wrinkles and lips do not hang. Medium-sized ears are pulled over your eyes if you have to get over them. Eye color is yellowish-brown or darker. Long tail and strong tapering towards the top.
Foot is round, toes and strong claws. The hair is coarse, shiny and relatively short. The coat is silky black-yellow signs. Chest must have a white spot clean. And often are born with foot white copies.
Besides the black cops and bloodhounds are bred yellow-brown stain on his chest with higher or lower.
The smell is very well developed and a very good sense of orientation. Ideal for him is big yard where he can run freely.
Eliminating faults: short snout, teeth fefectuoasa, wiry hair, soft or wavy, aggression, mental instability.
Males must have two testicles apparently normal fully descended into the scrotum.
Behavior Transylvanian Hound
Transylvanian Hound is a dog that form strong bonds with family, especially one who takes care of most of it and gives him the most attention. A devoted dog that defends and protects the family and home.
It is a hustler-driven, with excellent qualities of hand and stop hunting, but can be used for searching and other tasks typical outrunner. With highly developed sense of smell, he is able to look cool but dogged his footsteps and fresh. chefneste (yelp) characteristic, and during rush barking on a high tone, catchy, that can be heard from great distance during the hunt. Birds of prey smaller stature are trapped and strangled, hunting high and is driven off. Persistent barking stopped hunting or injured.
Training Transylvanian Hound
Training the Transylvanian Hound is heavier because it is stubborn. It tends to be independent.
If trained with patience and skill can achieve quality results. The measures are tough and fights against.
They say a strong apostrophizing affects him so hard that may be unusable for several days.
Characteristics Transylvanian Hound
A Transylvanian Hound Hunting can run 80-100 km. Always returns to the starting place. It can be used to vantaore in small packs of 3-5 hounds, but individually.
This dog is working independently on kilometers from master to solve certain situations. It is tailored to you after long distances.
Transylvanian Hound legged variety was used for big game such as bison, bears, boars and lynxes, with short legs and Transylvanian Hound was used for small game like foxes or rabbits in the open and chamois in rocky areas.
Barking is thick and strong. He stops when he sees his master's request that the person has bad intentions.
It is a great companion dog. It has an active fire, playful and iubibila. Gets along well with children, tend to be territorial and need to socialize with other small animals because it is a hunting dog. Sometimes it can be to track trends squirrels if not trained properly. It's smart and skillful.
Health Transylvanian Hound
This breed of dog is very resistant. There are no known hereditary diseases.
Females give birth to 6-8 cubs.
Hound Transylvanian life expectancy is 10-12 years.