Tosa Inu dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Japan
- Group: Working / Mastiff
- Weight: 40 - 80 kg
- Height: 60-82 cm
- Colors: black, red, brown, brindle
- Training: easy-medium
- Grooming: easy to groom
- Temperament: suspicious, fearless, brave, aggressive, intelligent
- Health: generally healthy
- Litter size: 6 - 8 puppies
- Lifespan: 10 - 12 years
- Other names: Tosa, Japanese Tosa, Tosa Inu, Tosa-Ken, Japanese Mastiff, Tosa Inu dog
Tosa Inu is a dog with a stately appearance, aware of its strength; accurately and quickly assess any new situation and acts only when necessary. He loves his master so much that we will emerge even at the cost of life. This breed provides copies of tough and fearless fighters, but Tosa Inu dog will become so attached and put the cat wants master.
History Tosa Inu breed dogs imposing start in Shikoku, the smallest and least populated island of the four main Japanese archipelago. The motivation for creating this breed locals (one young foate fact) lies in the immense interest that they had for fighting dogs.
In fact, the tradition of dog fighting - in which the protagonists Base Tosa-Inu dogs - has remained unaltered until today in Japan, despite some severe reproaches internationally. The breed originated from that race was gone was found in Shikoku, physical landmarks nearest Spitz's large in Europe.
Since 1854 with the opening of the world to leak island nation, breeders Japanese interested in the improvement of the breed fighting dogs imported dogs with special qualities of European origin and have started the process of breeding, which culminated with the appearance the imposing copies Tosa Inu .
According to expert assessments, contributions to the formation of breeds Tosa-Inu belonged, in chronological order: Bulldog's English (1872), Mastiff (1874), Pointer's German and St Bernard's (1876), Dog acquis German (Great Dane) and Bull Terrier (1924-1927). To increase the volume of the skull, muscle mass and physical strengthening was introduced in 1950 and the breed Dogue de Bordeaux.
Unable to speak of uniformity of race in the early years, as crossbreeding were showing uneven traits of different breeds, but the homogenization process started quickly because the owners of dogs fighting detained for breeding only those copies powerful and toughness Max, who defeated confrontations arenas.
Dogs victorious in battles, TITLE receive the "Yokozuna" as the national sport Sumo champions and are decorated with colorful blankets and thick ropes. Tosa because the city was for centuries the place where they made the best gladiators dogs, the breed has retained this name (Inu means "dog").
During the second world war, the lack of food, the breed was seriously endangered, but remained a sufficient number of copies to perpetuate the breed. American Occupation banned fighting dogs, but few enthusiastic breeders have not been agreed and work began in secret rescue of the breed Tosa Inu breed finalized standardization in the early 1960s.
Tosa Inu breed's popularity constantly growing but not due to Japanese breeders because they use dogs today almost exclusively to fight for a foreign purchase a copy quality is nearly impossible. Tosa Inu dog came to public attention thanks to American breeders.
"Port" through which the breed arrived in the West was called the Hawaii archipelago, Tosa Inu dog owners here agreeing to sell copies of top American breeders. American and European breeders certainly appreciate the special qualities of the security and defense and not to fight, although the latter put Tosa Inu dog in the top hierarchy of the dogs in this category. Variations in height, weight and even about the general appearance if Tosa Inu dogs specimens are today quite high in the race, according to which each line downward dog.
Dogs Tosa Inu accepts a wide variety of types of dog food available commercially, but the content and quantity must be adapted to the specifics of this large breeds with required specific protein (formula for large breeds). You should know that the food recommended for large breeds of dogs must contain a lower percentage of protein and fat than food intended for other races.
Although breeders elite Japanese continue to provide very little data and consistent information about Tosa Inu (considering that this breed should remain strictly national boundaries), specialists in the USA promotes the idea that a level suitable for feeding dogs of this breed is 19 8-14% -25% protein and fat.
Given the high demand of food required by this large dog, sculptural and very robust, it is recommended to use your dry food for dogs. Although the quality and freshness of food cooked in the house will not be matched by any brand of food industries, the effort required preparation for this huge daily menu discourages inevitable. And of course, loads than the bill, not insignificant aspect.
Browse the specifications for the type of dog food for which you decided indicating meat as the main ingredient. Quite often Tosa Inu breed a puppy you will need to supplement its rations of dry food with pieces of meat (red or white, it does not matter) for nutrient intake in the rapidly growing vital that you register.
If you want to keep the meat menu, you should know that any Tosa Inu is an avid meat eater, and this ingredient is recommended to be served rather than prepared in raw form (by boiling or roasting).
But do not give up the thermal preparation of the meat if you are not sure of its quality. Only meat quality, especially recommended for human consumption is recommended to be served raw, otherwise there is a risk of contamination.
The dishes we serve in this dog food with physical similarities inherited from molossoid dogs should be wide and shallow snout conformation or imposing these conditions. The site chosen for the meal must be such that it can be easily cleaned after every meal.
These dogs are pretty much "trouble" around the food bowl, muzzle and lips due to conformation wide. Water should be available, fresh and served in dishes clean (after you drink once contaminating it with excess saliva, will not return to that ship, so the idea of using two pots of water is quite usable) .
It is necessary that he be closely diet especially during the 3 months to 1.5 years, while develops impetuously, and remember that, at maturity, the skeleton of this massive dog yet athletic movements capable of amazingly agile and complex learned in the wrestling ring will have to endure considerable stress.
Tosa Inu does not like to be bothered at all time as it feeds, so that the rule of the 10 minutes is difficult to enforce. We're talking about the optimal time in which an adult dog should serve their meals with appetite and concentration, the consumption of this interval debris will be evacuated.
It is not advisable to intervene when suddenly over Tosa feeds and is imperative if such a maneuver, the best person is the leader of the family, the dog perceives as absolute master and who is most attached. It is best to get used to dose the optimal serving them and to give him time to swallowed.
If you want to stop the feeding (sometimes you will see dog eating portion of other animals in the yard), or to impose in the relationship, give a stop command and removal and repeat a voice farm until it is perceived and accepted. It can also be an exercise in the Obedience training.
Tosa Inu breed dog well accept fresh fruits and vegetables, especially during the hot season, but the meat raw or boiled must be found always in the menu.
Do not overdo portions or supplements given between meals because it is a dog with a predisposition to weight gain and even obesity, and the effort that we will make in their daily activity (is quite active in the moments that have interest objectives) he will weak heart.
The recommended foods and ingredients:
- Fresh poultry (chicken, turkey);
- Beef (cow, buffalo - for specimens bred in the United States);
- Fresh vegetables (cooked or raw summary) and fruits, whole foods diet with occasional;
- Brown rice and oatmeal (in moderation, recommended for high fiber content);
- Fresh yoghurt, cheese and eggs of house (cooked or raw).
Tosa Inu dog is big, proportioned, emanating strength and managed to look impressive from the first moment. The skull is wide, square outline with pronounced stop, the nose is broad with thick lips hanging side.
However, despite lip specific conformation dogs Mastiff, Tosa Inu dog does not leave bale. The eyes are small, penetrating expression, dark. The ears are medium-sized / small, thin and placed on top of the head, triangular in shape and rounded corners. Tosa Inu dog ears gate left, joined by the middle of its head.
The back is slightly bent, the highest in the dorsal area. Tosa Inu dog's tail is of medium length, a general conical shape and not cut. The dog wears up only when alert or agitated, bouncing along dors natural position. Tosa Inu is a sturdy dog with a very supple allure line is tucked up abdomen, the chest is muscular, broad, deep and high ends with paw feet relatively small compared to the height vu.
Fur is a single layer and has short hair and rough. Tosa Inu moderate coat requiring care, focusing on two periods of moulting. Contrary imposing physical appearance, skeletal cuoase broad, strong and genetic inheritance mastiff (dog slow, slow, apathetic), Tosa Inu dog is surprisingly nimble and quick movement.
Tosa Inu is silent, understanding, patient, brave and a very good guard dog that does not bark only when needed, has developed a protective institnct and is very intelligent. They are very affectionate with family members which include, but are reserved with strangers.
Although classed as dangerous dogs, dogs Tosa Inu have a certain sensitivity and emotional availability that exceeds pattern. This lies in the fact that between master involved in the fight canine competitions and Tosa Inu representative has always existed a close relationship, an intimacy argue that a strong rule of the game.
Tosa Inu dog owners fighting their representatives always treated with affection and respect of the arena, so dogs have developed a special attachment to the owner. In Japan, competitions, Tosa Inu dog is fighting to master and not the interest. On education must take into account the sensitivity of the dog.
Any penalty must be highly motivated and will thus be applied, that the dog understand exactly what was punished. Tosa Inu is generally more malleable than the relatives of the family molossoid type, abide easily educational process for submission. Their excitability threshold is very high, have great stability and affordability remarkable nerve. But in no case will diligently a German Shepherd who is able to run for hours the different commands.
TOSA will lose interest fairly quickly, hinting in the most unequivocal this state, for example sleeping and refuses to rise. Who grew up with these monsters meek will learn to appreciate the true value of great love that surrounds her children. However, given their extreme power and weight, it is not recommended to be left unattended and alone with children.
Their simple game can cause injury to children. Tosa Inu properly trained dog will master this behavior detained in front of strangers. Some copies even seem unapproachable and distant. It seems to be very quiet and calm. To the delight of neighbors, just like barking. However, if the family is in danger, will react in the most harsh and decided against the intruder.
Their quality of watchdogs and the trademark protection is absolutely native. No need no education in this regard. Tosa Inu who receives a training and specific training of dogs for security and protection, becomes a weapon downright dangerous.
Tosa Inu puppy in education must take into account what experience has shown that if this dog, optimum efficiency can only be achieved by various methods of educating, entertaining game tint. Can not be reached in any case to a result by using excessive force and dominate the dog.
Tosa Inu dog will respond favorably to tender gestures only. Any threat, if only verbal commands will remain sharp no effect in educational plan, by contrast, will distort the dog-human relationship, your dog can become distrustful.
The effect of classical methods, based display of superiority and strength, let alone beat, it would be regarded by a real dog with contempt. Their excitability threshold is very high, have great stability and affordability remarkable nerve.
But in no case will diligently a German Shepherd who is able to run for hours the different commands. Tosa Inu will lose interest fairly quickly, hinting in the most unequivocal this state, for example sleeping and refuses to rise.
Traditional names for Tosa-Inu breed dogs: Musashi, Benizakura, Fuji, Sensei, Yokozuna, Samurai, Kamikaze, Seppuku, Banzai, Mikado, Bushido.
They are known under the names: Tosa Inu, Tosa Ken, Tosa Token, Japanese Fighting Dog, Japanese Mastiff, Tosa Fighting Dog, Japanese Tosa.
In Japan, the Tosa Inu breed went through a selection process "natural" health problems occur so rarely. However, prudence and prophylactic reasons, avoid overeating for the prevention of obesity, with negative effects on heart function.
We recommend feeding several meals a day (3-4 offering small amounts), followed by rest to avoid intestinal obstruction. With all their size, hip dysplasia in dogs Tosa Inu is very rare, but it is not excluded, because in Japan it is not a selection criterion.
It is quite sensitive to anesthetics, even if it is so big, so intervention on this path will be under strict supervision of specialist veterinary care.