Tibetan Mastiff dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Tibet (China)
- Group: Working
- Weight: Male: 45-73 kg Females: 34-54 kg
- Height: Males: 66-76 cm Females: 61-71 cm
- Colors: black, brown, cream, blue
- Training: medium (strong, consistent)
- Grooming: should be brushed frequently (daily)
- Temperament: protective, stubborn, intelligent, brave
- Health: generally healthy
- Litter size: 5 - 12 puppies
- Lifespan: 15 - 18 years
- Other names: Do-Khyi, Tsang-khyi, Tibetan Mastiff dog
Tibetan mastiff is hundreds of years a companion and a working dog. Raised to be a pastor and guardian of herds of cows and sheep, and of his family, Tibetan Mastiff was originally created without taking into account its conformation.
Born in Tibet, its origins accurate are still a mystery, but some experts believe that this breed comes from the same fund basis of which trace back and other mastiff or other working dogs large and contributed to the development of many breeds Mastiff today.
Revered by Tibetan for its excellent protective qualities and for his loyalty, this Mastiff was not well known outside his native country. Before the early nineteenth century, few people were allowed to enter the territory of Tibet.
As soon as the borders were opened, the race was exported half of the nineteenth century in England, where he was bred and perfected. One of specimens exported Tibetan Mastiff was given to Queen Victoria of England.
Halfway through the twentieth century, Tibetan mastiff and has appeared in the United States. In 1974 he founded the American Association of Tibetan Mastiff. Today, the few remaining specimens of pure Tibetan Mastiff in Tibet.
Tibetan Mastiff was recognized by the FCI in 2004 and by the American Kennel Club in 2006 as the only member of the group working dogs.
Food Tibetan Mastiff
Although the Tibetan Mastiff is known as a dog resistant and without fuss and he must follow the general rules of nutrition for proper growth, namely 3 meals in puppies and two adults. Keep in mind that the Tibetan Mastiff has a slow development, which is why you must not make excess calcium and protein as other dogs that develop rapidly.
It is recommended not to overdo the portions of food because it is one of the dogs that are easily prone to obesity. In any case you want to feed your dog cooked food or to shop (dry food, canned food, etc.), you should check to have all the vitamins, minerals and proteins required dog.
Bowl with fresh water should not ever miss them. Water, besides your thirst, aids digestion (do not forget that over 80% of a dog's body is water).
Description Tibetan Mastiff
Tibetan mastiff gives the impression of nobility and command respect. Sturdy dog, large, Tibetan Mastiff head is massive and wide nose. Usually, the upper lip is covered on the bottom. The nose is big and black. His eyes are deep and ears are located in the upper part of the head, pendulous, in the form of the letter "V".
The body is long, not very tall, and limbs are muscular and strong. The chest is deep. Spurs on hind be amputated instead of the forelimbs are not required to be removed. The tail is of medium size, bushy and curled over back when the dog is alerted.
Tibetan Mastiff's coat is double, thick and consists of coarse outer hair Protection and down deep and velvety smooth. The coat is straight and thick, especially on the head and neck, giving the impression of a ridge.
Coat color is mainly black with tan or gold spots, but as well can also be brown, sable (sable color), cream, reddish or bluish / gray. White spots, brown and various shades of reddish gold are commonly found.
Tibetan mastiff adult can reach a height at the withers of 60-70 cm and a body weight of 64-78 kg. Some owners say that Europeans hold copies that can achieve a body weight of 100 kilograms.
Behavior Tibetan Mastiff
Tibetan Mastiff is an excellent and brave watchdog and protection.
He is intelligent and loyal, but may develop behavioral problems if not properly socialized and trained not. Natively, mastiff dog is very protective and territorial.
Some individuals can be stubborn and difficult to educate. Dogs are loyal imposing by their size and their families. Also, to some extent they are and stubborn, but they want nothing more than to please their owners.
Patient and very intelligent, Tibetan mastiff it was raised to take the initiative.
Training Tibetan Mastiff
Tibetan Mastiff is a dog vigorous and strong character, who needs a master firmly and consistently, but patient if he wants to control.
Training for and obedience should be started at an early age.
Some can be independent and stubborn, so you should be patient and persevering.
Characteristics Tibetan Mastiff
Tibetan mastiff obedience requires more training and a consistent training throughout his entire life.
He must put on daily walks, but should not be overloaded. Ii jogging joints require too much because his waist.
To keep bright fur, Tibetan mastiff require brushing and grooming with a wet towel every day. Its fur is thick double and replaced once a year within four weeks in the spring and / or summer.
During this period, it should be brushed and combed for at least half an hour a day.
Health Tibetan Mastiff
As with other breeds, Tibetan mastiff is not exempt from certain sensibilities of a medical nature. Of these, with an increased frequency were reported as follows:
Gastric torsion (dilation) is a sudden condition that endangers the life of the animal, being associated filling its stomach with air and twist.
Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint, which results in pain, lameness and arthritis in a row.
Cataracts cause a loss of the normal transparency of the lens. The problem can occur in one or both eyes and may gradually lead to blindness.
Entropion is a condition in which the eyelid inward rolling of the edge off them. Genes on the edge of the eyelid irritate the surface of the eyeball, which can lead to more serious problems.
Demyelinating neuropathy congenital canine is a neurological condition that affects dogs around the age of two months. Symptoms appear around the age of 7-10 weeks and puppies often die before reaching the age of 4 months.
Tibetan Mastiff is also prone skin infections (pyoderma), epilepsy, hypothyroidism, allergies, atopic dermatitis, otitis and vaginal hyperplasia.
The average life expectancy of Tibetan Mastiff is 10-12 years.