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Shar Pei

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1. Origin

Shar-pei site is a very old breed and unique, and there centuries in the southern provinces of China, respectively in Kwan-Tung. It is likely that breed dating since around the time of the Han Dynasty (202 BC - 220 d.Hr). Shar-pei ancestors exact site you are not fully known. It is believed to be a descendant of the Chow-Chow's, however, the only clear link between these breeds is purple tongue. Initially recognized as a fighting breed Shar-pei find his site also use and hunting on pastured cattle and defense master's domain.

Shar-pei term translates as rough fur, fur-like sand or sandpaper or emery referring to the feeling of coarse hair, spiky fur of this breed. After the communists took power in China, dogs have been effectively eliminated. Since dogs were originally the property of the rich, they were thought to be a reminder of an elite class that no longer exists. The action of owning a dog during the communist regime triggered the severe penalties.

Because, firstly, the efforts of businessman Matgo Law of Hong Kong (which at that time was a colony of Great Britain), some Shar-pei were imported into Hong Kong and Taiwan. From there, multiplying continued and perfected his race. Since 1968, Shar Pei was recognized by the Hong Kong Kennel Club. The breed first appeared in the United States in 1966 and was eventually accepted by the American Kennel Club in 1988 as a member of the group of non-sporting breeds (leisure).

They were used in hunting, guarding herds and protect home and family, being raised in that period for intelligence, physical strength and threatening appearance. A few years later the dog breed Shar-Pei arrived appreciated fights between dogs, thanks skin too broad and jacket extremely harsh features designed to help him fight because the opponent would have been hard to grab his and ii maintain body between your teeth.

Other qualities of his desired in order to prevent injury in altercations consist of small ears and deep-set eyes. Great popularity in these battles earned him the nickname of Chinese Fighting Dog. When the communists came to power in the mid twentieth century, the government imposed a tax initially costly for all dogs, followed by prohibiting their growth. Then they were outlawed, which resulted in the loss of thousands of copies.

In those times Pei breed dogs were rescued from extinction by a Hong Kong businessman named Matgo Law that appealed to Americans in 1973 through a dog magazine. In the late 80-Pei dog Shar described in the Book of Records as the rarest in the world. The breed's popularity Pei, whose name translates as "sand skin", referring to the rough fur, has dramatically in recent decades.

2. Food Shar Pei

Pei breed in foods is good food to contain 20 to 24% protein and less than 12% grasimi.Tinand account these parameters is easier to manage to respect them if we choose as dog food to be based solely on industrial dry food type, in which the ingredients are well-dosed.

The condition is that if we feed the dog with dry food industries, super premium quality to choose. A poor-quality food can cause health problems and also an extra expense to the veterinarian.

Industrial sufficient food brands in Romania that fit shar-pei breed and will allow me to enumerate a few: Belcando Puppy, Puppy Trainer Fitness, Hill's Puppy with lamb and rice.

A second way of feeding that we can choose is to give the dog only food prepared in general casa.In this diet is based on an equal mixture of rice, meat (chicken or beef) and vegetables.

3. Description Shar Pei

Shar-pei site is easily recognized by its wrinkled skin. More pronounced in dogs, the Shar-pei-their most adults still retains many of those cute. Since the dog was initially created as a fighting breed, sagging skin, extremely mobile Shar-pei allows the site to return and to continue the fight, even if it is grabbed by another dog.

There are two distinct varieties of fur aspect of the Shar-pei, both with short hair and rough. The most popular varieties of color are brown, black, cream, red, chocolate and silver.

Besides characteristic folds, Shar-pei is one of the rare breeds whose tongue is dark blue-purple. The head is broad, with a flat nose and thick lips reminiscent of a hippo. The ears are small, drooping, worn close to the head. The tail is held up and curled over the back forming a loop narrower or wider. Shar-pei site at adult height at the withers is 46-51 cm, and body weight can reach up to 18-25 kg.

4. Behavior Shar Pei

Pei breed dogs are extremely loyal to his master excels sharp intellect are not the type to blindly obey orders every time. Pei dog breed is playful, active, dominant and brave. Tie a very close relationship with their family, but are not hostile to foreigners. If the dog Pei meets cats and children is still as chicken, then there usually will not have any problem with them.

Pei breed dogs have a stern expression, but surprisingly calm, independent and devoted. They are so popular and because they are good companions and watchdogs thrilled, with strong defensive instincts. Pei breed dogs live to be with his master, being particularly sensitive to its provisions and emotions, understanding his every gesture. Pei dog gives unconditional love, not asking instead only feel that their close family and be included in as many activities as possible. If it is abandoned in the backyard and excluded from family life, it will not only be unhappy, but may manifest behavior problems.

Pei breed dogs require a master confident, patient, if you are too unsteady, delicate and gentle in the dog's eyes, he will be tempted to take control. This breed needs a training firm, but gentle and extremely consistent, stubborn and bold according to the flesh. Pei breed puppies will refuse commands from family members who have not managed to win in front of them. Pei dog breed, stubborn and independent, must be shown gently, but firmly, that is their position in the house and who's in control. They need an owner who have the ability to lead the pack.

Like most dogs, Basic Obedience training is essential to make a good companion Pei family, and a well-educated, and thus accepted member of society. It is an intelligent dog who learns quickly what is necessary to execute, provided that the training be applied gently, firmness, fairness and consistency. To bring out the best of breed puppies Shar-Pei is necessary to apply positive methods of education based on rewards.

Harsh tone and physical corrections will be made to get on with education, but will lead to lack of respect, trust and confusion. Particularly smart, get bored easily if they are asked to repeatedly execute exercises that you already know. The key is to keep training sessions short, fun and varied as possible. Socializing should start early, placing the puppy in situations as varied as possible, where they can know people and new things will help him integrate more easily into the world of men, and should prevent any tendency to exaggerated suspicion towards foreigners.

Pei breed puppies are hygienic, clean and eat quickly learn to make their physiological necessities outside the house, but hate water and would do anything to avoid contact with it. Iron will, confidence, sometimes stubborn breed Shar-Pei puppies to indicate that a choice is not recommended for novice owners.

5. Training Shar Pei

In recent years, many of Shar-pei specimens showed aggressive behavior and hard restrained.

After hard work of breeders, breed today is significantly less aggressive and easier to control.

Despite this, the race should not be kept under strict control and does not require early socialization.

Being an innate protective family Shar-Pei is a good watchdog.

6. Characteristics Shar Pei

Shar-pei site may behave aggressively towards strangers and do not have enough patience to bear children comic antics. The dog prefers to be king or queen of the house. For this reason, it is of paramount importance for owners that they impose themselves as leaders of the family dog ​​early in life.

Shar-pei pups grow rapidly in a short time, so they must be fed properly.

Shar-pei I need more exercise to consume energy, but you must consider keeping your dog on a leash in public, because they tend to jump to the map with other dogs, iscandu the real fight. Also, you should not exhausted in the hot days because they can not stand high temperatures.

Shar-pei site have brushed regularly. Their fur should never be trimmed. This breed shows a simple coat without deep puff and protector. Shar-pei site or seasonal shed little by little throughout the year. Bathing once a week and brushing daily are absolutely necessary during periods of replacement of the coat. Some owners claim to have developed allergies to fur rough Shar-pei the community.

7. Health Shar Pei

Generally, the shar-pei-is a healthy dog ​​with few implications of a medical nature. However, these disorders have been reported with increased frequency:

- Entropion is a condition in which the eyelid inward rolling of the edge off them. Genes on the edge of the eyelid irritate the surface of the eyeball, which can induce more severe problems.

- Glaucoma is a serious and painful that causes increased intraocular pressure. Can lead to blindness if not treated on time.

- Pyoderma refers to deep skin infections.

- Atopy is a skin disease of allergic nature.

- Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not work properly. In the absence of sufficient amounts of thyroid hormone can cause illness.

Shar-pei's fever is a syndrome yet totally incomprehensible. Shar-pei-ii affected shows intermittent fever and enlarged knees (bloated). In addition, although they do not occur frequently, these diseases were also reported:

- Torsion (dilation) is a disease gastric sudden life threatening animal stomach filling associated with air and twist it.

- Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in pain, lameness and arthritis in a row.

Also Shar-pei site is prone to demodecosis (demodecosis), elbow dysplasia, amyloidosis and prolapse of the third eyelid.

8. Pictures Shar Pei

9. Other dog breeds

10. Bibliography

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