Samoyed dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Russia (Siberia)
- Group: Working / Spitz
- Weight: Male: 20-32 kg Females: 17-25 kg
- Height: Males: 53-60 cm Females: 48-53
- Colors: white, cream, yellow-white
- Training: medium (opportunistic)
- Grooming: prone to overheating (prefer cold weather), the coat should be brushed often
- Temperament: active, alert, playful, friendly, stubborn, sociable
- Health: beware genetic diseases
- Litter size: 4 - 6 puppies
- Lifespan: 12 - 14 years
- Other names: Samoiedskaia Sabak, Samoyedskaya, Sami, Sammy, Samoyed dog
Samoyed breed dogs are part of the rich Spitz family of dogs, so-called "primitive dogs". They originate in northeastern Russia, specifically in the vast territory of Siberia and icy. Samoyed tribe of natives who used these dogs to keep control of reindeer herds, towing sleds and hunting, Bjelkier called them (meaning, roughly, "albiciosii").
These dogs were domesticated and proliferate at least 3,000 years ago, it is one of the oldest and purest breeds canine currently known, with other dogs Nordic such as Husky, Malamute or "Chinaman" Chow Chow .
In total experts have so far identified 14 dog breeds with very old lineage, pure, over 2500 years and Samoyed is a prominent member of the "elite club". Northern populations cherished very much this dog sled and gave him and "household utilities." Thus, after shedding their hair was collected and used to spinning, achieving warm clothes and were used in family shelters, sleeping with people to warm their body.
They have always been appreciated for great physical strength, coupled with an impressive resistance to the effort, for long periods. Early explorers of the frozen north and south have relied on the special qualities of the Siberian sled dog. In 1800, the explorer Robert Scott first specimens imported to England, helping to popularize the breed.
Known as Bjelkier, with Fridtjof Nansen participated in expeditions to the North Pole (dogs Kaifas & Suggen, coupling heads, 1893-1896) and Roald Amundsen reached the South Pole expedition which (dog Etah, chief coupling, 1910-1912).
The first dog breed Samoyed was brought to the US in 1906 by fur traders. In 1900 Samoyed breed is named after the tribe grew, name adopted worldwide with the exception of Russia, where he kept the name Bjelkier. In 1923, officially abandoning the "e's" in the end the name and breed recognized by the English Kennel Club in northern dogs category, titled Samoyed. AKC recognizes accept the change and in turn breed, officially, in 1947, that fall into the category of Assistance Dogs.
This race marks finds the livelihood, food and daily maintenance among traditional landmarks, which have become standards for most canine breeds. Its silhouette becomes more familiar on properties located throughout the world, especially in the northern hemisphere.
But do not forget that somewhere in the huge space icy and hostile northern Siberian dog Samoyed still fulfills the role of essential domestic animal dedicated man and involved in its actions remains dog sledding, hunting dog and dog herding, as it was and 3 millennia ago.
It will buy a puppy Samoyed breed is not so easy a thing. Although it enjoys a considerable popularity, northern dogs are still quite difficult to obtain. Undoubtedly, the best source remains Russia, a country with a plethora of elite breeders with extensive experience regarding this race, and beyond.
With very few exceptions, copies from official Russian branch of prestigious kennels, prove quality and have a very good chance to become wonderful dogs for those who have them and a chance to procure. When you have identified a quality kennel with solid references and sources for completing the consignment canine from the best suppliers in the field, we are very careful to talk about food dog breeder that you decided to purchase.
You must know that every dog has its own metabolism, its own preferences and his own genetic background, and when it comes to feeding these factors should be carefully weighed against. A quality breeder will be able to alert you on issues expressed by parents and puppy which may manifest it and under certain conditions. Remember all the advice and directions and, once home, for at least 2 weeks, pay little puppy the same diet that was used.
Anyway leaving the kennel and leave the nest is a traumatic experience for small, make no mistake to amplify radically changing the type of food, amounts granted or feeding schedule. In time, as you do as a puppy to her new home accommodating to occur smoothly and in the best possible conditions, admonishing a veterinarian opposite the specific diet that is going to grant further.
Replacement feeding should be done gradually, in small amounts added to food that your dog is already accustomed. Observe the animal's reaction and act when faced health problems as itching, irritation, hair loss, loose stool or constipation. In principle, adaptation to Samoyed dogs dry food was made completely accepting it in its usual note for any breed. Whether you choose dry food, or mixture of dry food with wet food is your choice.
Of course, Samoyed dogs will be very happy to receive food prepared in the home, but it is questionable to what extent you have the time needed to prepare it.
Regarding forming dry food ingredients, just as with most canine breeds, meat must represent the core, with the largest share. Samoyed is a great lover of fish or present this food in his diet supplement (or reward) is a beneficial element.
Samoyed has a massive head, triangular, well highlighted with a truffle, black or brown. The eyes are dark, deep and sloping. Samoyed is known to have wrinkled lips, giving the impression of a girl smiling, always.
It shows ears of medium size, sharp, vertical (held high), slightly rounded at the tips. The tail is long and bushy hair and wearing well worn twisted back. They are robust and muscular legs, and feet are wide and covered with hair.
The fur is thick and harsh, not wavy, and shows a dense and velvety fuzz, which protects it from fever Arctic. Coat color is pure white (most preferred), biscuit, cream and champagne.
Samoyed at adult height at the withers is 53-60 cm and 48-53 cm from male to female. Body weight is approximately 20-25-30 16-20-25 kg to male and female kg.
It is an intelligent and energetic, sociable, cheerful and alert. Samoyed has a dominant character often proves stubborn. His behavior is sometimes moody and can be naughty. It is gentle and patient with children, but needs early socialization and education farm owners to obey unconditionally.
Has recommended a watchdog qualities, befriending strangers after their signals.
Feels best in outdoor environments with lower temperatures, with an active family. Rich and warm fur to help it cope very well any weather. He needs a lot of daily exercise like: long walks, running beside the bike.
It is curious, independent, loves to explore the surroundings on their own and therefore should take care that the space in which he lives to be properly restricted. Often vocalizes removing sharp howls like wolves. Otherwise, rarely barks.
Job training with a Samoyed dog is not easy. Being a smart and opportunistic animal, this dog will quickly make a vision of his environment and will focus on the most simple and effective way to get what it thanks. So definitely you will have many surprises when you will engage in training exercises.
Samoyed perfectly mastered the art of false ignorant (also called "self-induced deafness"), especially when it asked them to do something that does not like. Some owners Samoyed, inexperienced in working with such dogs have even advanced the idea that this dog is "stupid".
But things are not nearly as simple. Experts decided: Samoyed is an intelligent, with more resources, just as it is hard to find the way by which they can be put in value. If you want to impose certain rules of behavior ii be sure to respect each time a nonstarter. Do not create the impression that the dog's rules that apply in his new home are flexible, because you will not get good answers from him.
For example, if you want a Samoyed adult dog to have access in certain areas of the house, firmly forbid it since the time when a puppy and keep active rule every time you see tempted to break.
Samoyed, like any dog sled (Nordic dog) has a strong pack instinct. Use this feature to your advantage. Thus, sought to register the dog training school juniors, those programs led by professionals who are beginners in training dogs aged 4 months and 1 year. Husky learn very well in the community, is a dog that adapts wonderful group, along with other dogs, is rapidly finds and interacts well.
This paradox can be met with any dog sled, either Husky or Malamute Siberian. In group, the dog will seek a hierarchical position and will cooperate disciplined and zealous in the joint effort in which the group engages.
Acting individually will only design their own objectives and will seek to maintain independent decisions. Along with other dogs will consume energy better native. Be careful and keep your arrogant position "alpha dog" (ie to get into the role of "chief coupling") in relation to your little dog, this is very important. If you will be charged as such it will be much easier to impose and you learn dressage elements later.
Around the age of one year can start with the exercise program for obedience training. It must be said that the dogs reach maturity around the age of 18 months. If you use a specialist and will enroll the young puppy to obedience school, you will have both an advantage and a disadvantage.
The advantage is great intelligence and learning ability of this breed. The dog will behave well in training and will gain important point quite easily. But as many owners complained Samoyed dogs, home changed radically in that same "student leading position" in the training class will be "deaf" and uncooperative home.
The explanation has its fulcrum in the same native intelligence of these dogs north. Samoyed are smart enough to distinguish situations in their favor. They will quickly learn that it is to their advantage to get noticed positive courses of training to receive rewards and working less, but will be based on affection family home knowing that omissions and mistakes will be finally forgiven.
The solution is to participate in exercises and made to observe the attitude of the instructor. Firmness and constant that it gives evidence in working with "students" represent its elements that you need to learn them from among you.
Another possible solution is to document in manuals and publications about business rules in dog training (sources are available) and staff education to take care your pet. It may be more difficult, but in the end the dog will know who is "on demand".
Because of its dense coat, Samoyed tend to prefer cooler periods of time. In warm weather, this race should be monitored as they are prone to overheating.
Samoyed requires daily brushing and combing fur to keep them in perfect condition. The breed has a tendency to slow moult once or twice a year when lint is removed and profound. Remains white fur naturally nenecesitand bathing the animal.
The fur coat is difficult because of density, so that you can use dry shampoos for trimming it from time to time. You can do this using talcum powder, unscented and brush your hair.
Torsion (dilation) is a disease gastric sudden life threatening animal stomach filling associated with air and twist it.
Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in pain, lameness and arthritis in a row.
Cataracts cause a loss of the normal transparency of the lens. The problem can occur in one or both eyes and can lead to vision loss over time.
Glaucoma is a serious and painful condition that causes increased intraocular pressure. Can lead to blindness if not treated on time.
Entropion is a condition in which the eyelid inward rolling of the edge off them. Genes on the edge of the eyelid irritate the surface of the eyeball, which can lead to more serious problems.
Diabetes is a condition associated with a shortfall in pancreatic insulin production.
Portosystemic shunt is a malformation of blood flow associated liver. Blood is shunted away from the liver, resulting in accumulation of blood toxins and subsequent worsening of general profound.
Samoyed is also prone to arthritis, kidney failure, diseases anal glands, dwarfism (achondroplasia - developmental disorder of long bones) and urinary tract infections.