Other names: St. Barnhardshund, Alpine Mastiff, Bernhardiner St. Bernard, Saint Bernard dog
Renowned saint bernard dogs also known as the mountain dogs or dogs in the Alps were used as hunting dogs, rescue, search and security. They are thought to be descendants of dogs brought to the Alps by the ancient Romans. The earliest written evidence of this breed dates back to 1707. The most famous Saint Bernard was Barry (met Berry) who saved between 40 and 100 lives. His body was kept in the Natural History Museum in Bern.
Saint Bernard dog of today is very different from the classic Saint Bernard dog in the years 1816-1818 due to severe winter that resulted in increased number of avalanches. Killing several dogs used for breeding while they were performing rescue operations led to the endangerment race.
To preserve the breed restu Saint Bernard dogs were crossed with the Newfoundland breed dogs around 1850. After interbreeding lost their ability to rescue dogs because the dog no longer withstand climate climate of the Alps as before, long hair freezes and pull the dog down.
On March 15 1884 the Swiss Saint Bernard Club was founded in Basel. Breed standard was approved in 1888. Since then became St. Bernard Swiss national dog. The name comes from Saint Bernard Pass St. Bernard western Alps between Switzerland and Italy. By the mid 19th century has been called the dog: Saint dog, Steeds Noble (noble stallion), Barry Alpenmastiff or dog.
2. Food Saint Bernard
Saint Bernard owners can save money if properly feed their dog. Many specimens are taken to the vet with problems caused by feeding mode or due to improper feeding.
Itchy spots, infections, thyroid problems, liver are just some of the problems. I can not tell a feeding namely because it differs in each individual. Because of their size and the very rapid growth in height and weight varied menus require different types of vitamins and varied. Attention, excess harms.
3. Description Saint Bernard
It is quite obvious that St. Bernard dog is big, even huge ones opinion. The largest recorded specimen had a height of 107cm, 89cm at the shoulder and 2.59m long.
The average weight of the breed is between 64 - 120kg and a height of 70 - 90cm. The coat can be smooth or rough. The coat is usually a blend of several colors: red-brown with black and white. Black is usually found on the face and ears. The tail is long and hard.
4. Behavior Saint Bernard
St. Bernard, like all dogs large and very well need to socialize with people and other dogs to prevent a possible assault or fight for territory with other dogs. The biggest problem for young children is to be hit by this mountain animal. Recognize that if it is given a minimum of Education will not be problems.
Generally St. Bernard breed is affectionate and loyal, if socialized with them a notice that they are very friendly, and after you see this you will have to wipe the drool because they are as its size.
5. Training Saint Bernard
Saint Bernard is an excellent companion dog. I guess most of you have seen the famous movie Bethoveen. It is very tolerant with children. They warn their owners when someone is coming, but not aggressive. His size says a lot.
In order not to have problems in adulthood make sure that socializes with all types of people from early age and is exposed to a wide variety of experiences and noise. Saint Bernard is a very intelligent dog who learns easily and quickly.
They are high because the training should begin chicken. An unruly dog can create a number of problems, especially in public. Make sure, as you can control the dog and owner will not control it. Their smell is such that people can find under snow or ice pretty big distances. Have a 6th sense about impending danger, especially storms and avalanches. Because they have large jaws drooling over what they eat or drink water. This is the native and you can not train.
Everyone knows it is not an apartment dog in the yard so there is no problem.
6. Characteristics Saint Bernard
Very fast growth rate and weight of a saint bernard very serious may damage bones if the dog is not eating properly and gets no exercise.
7. Health Saint Bernard
Many individuals are affected by hip or elbow dysplasia. Hereditary cancer to the bones proved to breed so require attention. They are willing to diseases of the eye: entropion and ectropion. It can also have epilepsy, seizures and a heart disease called dilated cardiomyopathy.
Given the health problems it may encounter and rate high enough dogs can live until the age of 8 years, but have met and exemplary over the age of 10 years.