Puli dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Hungary
- Group: Shepherd and Cattle
- Weight: Males: 11-16 kg Females: 9-14
- Height: Males: 39-45 cm Females: 36-42 cm
- Colors: white, black, cream, silver, brown, brindle
- Training: easy to train
- Grooming: long fur requires daily brushing
- Temperament: agile, obedient, loyal, energetic, intelligent
- Health: resistant to diseases
- Litter size: 4 - 6 puppies
- Lifespan: 12 - 16 years
- Other names: Pulik, Hungarian Puli, Hungarian Water Dog, Puli dog
Puli (plural pulik) is not only an interesting aspect dog breed, but also has an interesting history. It is believed that in the late ninth century, when the Magyars arrived in Hungary, and they brought with them and herding dogs. These dogs were used to guard sheep and shepherds. It is believed that they are Puli's ancestors, a pet smart.
Development of various types of sheepdogs was based on their role in pastured sheep. Lighter herding dogs, which eventually became Komondor Kuvasz-ii-ii and today were used for keeping of cattle during the night, making it easier to spot after dark compared to Puli.
The black Puli was often used for grazing sheep Manar during the day. The sheep were apparently given better instructions of a dog darker and able to shepherd dog and grasp more easily than if a black dog similar to sheep.
Puli dog was praised for its agile movements and slow, which gives quality pastor and leader of the herd.
In the 17th century after Hungary suffered an invasion of citizens from other parts of the world they came from or returned to the country. The breed was bred with European herding dogs and so was a new breed called Pumi.
At first, it did confusion between the two races. Thanks to the efforts of Emil Raitsits the early 1900s, Puli was brought back to life as a completely separate breed compared Pumi. American Kennel Club recognized Puli site in 1936 as a member of the herding class.
Currently Puli dog breed shepherd dogs is framed in the group and is recognized by the following international organizations: UKC, KCGB, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR, CKC, FCI, AKC.
It has no special requirements in terms of food.
Gets along well with all types of food, be it special or master's table.
Also, no dietary, this dog does not raise special problems, although it has a good appetite, but owners will have the opportunity to see that a representative of the breed will begin to gain weight in excess.
Puli is the smallest of the Hungarian shepherd dogs, medium size. The dog shows a compact and muscular body that fits in a square, covered with a coat made of hair arranged in cords (strings). The head of this dog is round or oval in profile, is covered by the same type of hair.
His eyes are almond, coffee-colored, medium-sized ears, Pedunculated pigmented black and a tail bent, worn "pretzel" on the back, which is not noticeable.
The coat is unique. Feathers are soft, thick and woolly (shaggy). Outer hair is long and abundant. Puli them are born with a coat made of Moate. With the increase, fluff and mix with the hair grows out.
This results in the formation of long cords characteristic. These long cords are basically waterproof and offers protection to the dog.
Adult fur can reach to the ground. Puli is found in different varieties of colors black rust, black, cream and white, but basically, black is the most common color.
Eyes and ears of this dog must periodically toilet and nails trimmed. The breed does not remove hair (does not shed), but trimmed periodic.Necesita will have enough time to move. Puli dogs are energetic and full of life, being in ecstasy when allowed to play and frolic, especially if the owner or another canine companion joins.
Some are water lovers and swimmers are very good, but not all excel in this position, so that if they are allowed to swim will have supravegheati.Daca obedience training is not performed, this dog can develop a dominant personality.
Puli is a dog without a mix of colors, usually black. Other less common colors are white, gray or cream. A variety of cream-colored dogs have black mask. The average size of these dogs is 42 cm in females and 43 cm for males.
Females weigh 10 to 12 kilograms, with slightly more males. The difference between a Komondor and Puli is size and color. The most common color is black puli. At neither of the two races do not accept spots, stripes or other color mixes.
Komondorul is only white, while Puli and he can be white, cream, yellow or black.
This dog is affectionate and intelligent. Once the need for pastors canines fell Puli, easily it became a valued companion. Always wanting to be busy, Puli is a medium sized dog, who loves to have an agile business.
Lively, friendly, Puli is very loyal to his family. Their native intelligence makes them very easy to educated and trained, but also enable them to "think" and act on their own, at the mercy.
Both dogs are screened and independent, some specimens of which can become aggressive with children and strangers if not socialized in due time. Although cautious with strangers is never aggressive, but maybe if he feels threatening barks owner is in danger.
Early dogs are very trainable, as long as calm methods are used, to stimulate them. Training should begin as early as possible, because later might develop attitudes not like so much. A trained Puli will excel in obedience and agility.
And by the way agility, a copy of this breed needs 40-60 minutes of exercise a day. They are very adaptable and like to play, but will accompany you as happy in a long walk, or madness will play in the garden or in the park.
Puli dogs are appreciated for their energy and determination, which is the result of their past sheepdogs. Each Puli dog is a shepherd innate instinct and knows how to shepherd a flock of sheep or a herd, even though it was raised as family dog and has never been trained to do.
It is advisable to begin training of an earlier Puli how, especially in terms of obedience. When mature are very independent, strong-willed and very difficult to train.
It is a very intelligent dog, understands almost everything and try to organize their responses in words, creating almost a speech. A well-trained Puli will not only understand the words of his master, but can observe and determine the owner's wishes and to fulfill as an order.
Puli is a dog agile, energetic, intense and never lazy. It is also brave and not afraid of anything. It is really a super dog who fully deserves respect.
Dogs are excellent for families, adapting to the majority of environments and circumstances. She will love to live both in the country and an apartment. They are quite active inside the home, but will adapt without requiring a yard.
This dog is energetic, friendly and protective of his owner and property. It seems they prefer to live outside in the open air. Will adapt to your climate, either colder or warmer.
Puli dog is very protective of its territory, making it an excellent sheepdog and guard the farm. Not recommended for families with small children who might fret or be mischievous with them, even if they are reared chicken will tolerate them definitely.
Coat with "strings" are forming around the age of 6 months, at which time the deep fluff, soft and woolly hair mixed with outside harsher.
As you might expect, Puli coat requires proper care to maintain its appearance and smell good conditions. Hair matted that might form during this period should be opened by hand. Neurofibrillary formats will be removed from the base of the hair.
Each coat is different, but the general idea, these "cords" should not be thinner than the diameter of a pencil. Ingirjirea coat is a relaxing and enjoyable process both for the dog and for the owner, and if done regularly, take less time.
Some choose to undo the cords and give a shaggy dog. Others let the fur as it naturally, maintenance is much easier since you have only cared fur around cords and only occasionally washed. If left in natural state, Puli site will require regular bathing to remove the strong smell that can occur.
Puli is generally a very hardy dog, showing little sensitivity native.
Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in pain, lameness and arthritis consecutive.
Progressive retinal atrophy is a disease that causes degeneration of nerve cells in the retina.
The disease usually begins in dogs older and can lead to blindness.
The lifetime of a Puli is 12-16 years.