Pug dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: China
- Group: Toy
- Weight: Males: 6-9 kg Females: 6-8 kg
- Height: Males: 30-35 cm Females: 25-30 cm
- Colors: black, brown, apricot, silver
- Training: easy to train
- Grooming: easy to groom
- Temperament: playful, docile, smart, stubborn, sociable
- Health: can easily catch a cold
- Litter size: 4 - 5 puppies
- Lifespan: 12 - 15 years
- Other names: Pug, Chinese Pug Dog, Carlin, Dutch Bulldog, Dutch Mastiff, Pug dog
Pug dog breed origins are placed in China, estimated at age race over 2000 years. The first written description of a similar dog called "dog with short snout" was recorded around 600 BC
In complete dictionary of Chinese characters ordered by Emperor Kang Hsi (approx. 950 AD) are registered characters "short-legged dog" and "dog with short head" which, according to experts, makes reference to the Pug breed.
The trip MOPS to "old continent" has its starting point at the end of the XVth century and beginning of the sixteenth century, with trade initiated between sailors, merchants Chinese and the Europeans (Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch and English) .
You agree quickly as pet dogs and small sized Mopsii relatively quickly spread first in the Netherlands, where they received Mopshond name (root popular name today).
A copy of the race was very helpful Prince Willem of Orange (aka taciturn), barking or noise telling him about near Spanish troops and saving his position in the conflict. Also Pug dog breed (pug breed) have accompanied William III and Mary II (of Orange) you have access to the throne (1688).
Debut in select art (English branch) and made him brush his thanks to William Hogarth who immortalized in the famous "House of Cards" - painting depicting dogs playing cards Pug. They received different names in European countries that have gained popularity, as Carlin in France, Dogullo in Spain, Mops in German kingdoms and Caganlino in the Italian peninsula.
Vector popular breed of pet dogs Pug (Mops) in France was Josephine Bonaparte Copy or Fortune. Goya painted his famous pug, in 1785, restoring his ears cropped copies. Since the eighteenth century the breed becomes more standardized, being separated in hues: brown ( "Isabella") and dark shades to black.
Feed your dog Mops (Pug) is best to be served at room temperature. It will be more convenient to remove from the refrigerator and in the bowl or to transfer, but in this way expose indigestion, intestinal blockages or even the feared crisis of gastric torsion.
Regularly check your dog's weight. Pug weighs an average of 6-8 kg (depending on sex, with males being more robust and more solid bones). If exceeded the threshold of 10 kg it is no longer a joke.
You do not have a dog in this case plump, but a downright obese. Do not allow this dog to gain weight, even if his appetite seems insatiable food. Always keep in mind the difficulties and quite large so required by conformation brachycephalia and imagine how much they can increase obesity.
Most often, you notice such a situation is about to occur, you need to increase the allotted time outdoors and movement exercises, together with an adjustment of the daily ration of food.
Avoid cooked bones, and if the chicken ban is total. Like any dog, Pug is very attracted to the bones, but they will chew efficiently, and the cooked become brittle and, once ingurgitate, can break down the walls of the stomach or intestines, causing internal bleeding.
Ultimately, larger bones, raw, may be offered from time to time with the idea of protecting teeth against plaque deposit. But in this case, just choose from the patella, where there is cartilage and spongy texture is not so tough and there is no danger of sharp fragments result.
If you have several dogs of this breed (or breeds), you give food in one larger bowl. Each will have to have his own boat.
Protein meat (avoid pork), vegetables (carrots, celery, peppers, parsnips, turnip, peas), fruits (apples, melons, oranges). This is the ideal combination, provide all the ingredients necessary for a balanced diet. Minced meat is not all bad for dogs as for humans and the high level of fat, is considered a major source of calories.
Chicken and turkey - meat sources here are two very indicated. They are easy to digest, low in calories are therefore recommended for dogs with sensitive stomach and those not performing too intense physical nature.
Pasta and noodles are good sources of carbohydrates, but not a compelling aroma and taste for dogs. They should be seasoned with meat sauce - for example - or used mixed with other ingredients easily accepted.
Yogurt and cheese are good sources of nutrients and generally are liked by dogs. Rice (preferably brown one) is easily digested and, in combination with a diet is chicken indicated in dogs bred Pug (Pug) convalescence.
Chicken eggs, boiled or scrambled eggs is prepared in the form of easy and nutritious food. Eggs are very suitable for puppies in the first months of life.
In spite of being a very old breed, the Pug has not suffered too many transformations over the years. Race is the largest of breeds "toy" miniature, with a compact body, stocky, short and well muscled.
Pugs have massive head, short muzzle and round the square, black and deep wrinkles on the face. Have prominent eyes, expressive, shiny, dark. The teeth should have special tread of the two dental arches, so lower incisors must sit ahead of superiors.
The back is short, looking slightly oblique to the hind legs. The legs are straight and strong, which gives an elegant motion, cradled, which is somewhat characteristic. The tail is curled over the hips. They have soft fur, shiny apricot color, black, brown and silver with a mask color as darker.
The height at the withers is 30-36 cm and 25-30 cm from male to female. Body mass varies around 6-10 kg to 6-8 kg in male and female.
They are full of life, exsuberanti, loyal, affectionate and caring, always with an optimistic attitude. They are playful and fascinating, intelligent and mischievous. They can easily be stubborn, inflexible. Not cranky, the Pug breed is affectionate, funny and even tempered with more charm and dignity.
They are intelligent and naughty with a penchant for wandering. Pugs love to socialize, wanting to be the best friend anyone and will pout when you will no longer have activities. They are sensitive to tone of voice, so harsh punishment or unnecessary quarrels.
There is no very energetic, but no inactive. They are good watchdogs, very devoted, that does not bark excessively. Remember, however, that require attention and become jealous if their owner ignores.
Pugs were always friendly pet dogs. He loves to be a family member. Pugs are good guard dogs, lively playmates for children and will be happy Twists on your knees to take a nap. They are tolerant of other dogs or other pets and behave impeccably with both children, and with guests.
Easily adapts to life in an apartment. They are relatively inactive indoors and will do okay without requiring a yard.
A dog will not take account of its size ever. And the perception of a Pug about their waist ... well equates to that of an elephant. As a joke circulating in China on account of this "brave dwarf", a Pug dog will never agree that waist is too small; but that too many animals are deformed compared to him.
Training a small dog becomes all the more important as we value the following truth: being our pet, always in proximity, almost everything you do takes place before our eyes, his actions influence our step by step. Therefore it requires good coordination and cooperation in this regard, all obtained through a clever training quality.
In relation to a dog Mops (Pug) has just arrived in the middle of the family can not really talk about "grace period".
Regardless of how this phrase sounds, it is true as can be. Pug site (PUG) is active, temperamental especially in the first part of his life, alert and stubborn. First habits learned first behavioral nuances coming from family members and favors that will be very difficult subsequently corrected.
Never escape the sight of the validity of the expression, "a big dog in a small body" very suitable if a dog breed Pug (Pug).
Endowed with an iron will and a sharp intellect, a Pug gets bored quickly if a command is repeated too often. Beyond that is a small dog, a guard dog proves effective, meaning that foreigners will notify promptly approaching, but will not involve aggressive in their approach.
Any trends in this regard seen in young males should be immediately corrected and are considered deviant behavior of the standard. The closest relationship will develop the most authoritative and influential family member.
Remember that these intelligent animals perceive real authority in terms of greater accuracy than us. If a Pug (Pug) individually choose a certain person in the family and will post its always around, giving her entire attention, that person must be involved mostly in training. This will get the best results in short time.
Pugs are unhappy these days too hot, cold or wet due to their short snouts and boxy. They should not be left outside or in locked cars on summer or winter months.
Pugs require a suitable time to move. Love games and will be maintained in an appropriate health status is granted if the time to move. There are very demanding in this regard, content with one hour of walking or playing in the park per day. Should not be overworked, especially when I see that starting to gasp.
Pugs have a smooth and shiny coat is easy to keep clean with a brush or a comb bristles. It is bathed only those regions that are badly needed. After bathing, dry it quickly and thoroughly to prevent any colds debutarea. It should also be cleaned toilets and wrinkles on the face to prevent accumulation of secretions and facial dermatitis.
Pug site sheds seasonally, but abundant.
Dogs are cool slightly and are easily stressed by too cold or too hot climates. They are prone to allergies, keratitis and corneal ulcers. Their eyes are delicate predipsusi to excessive tearing and conjunctivitis.
Short muzzle contribute to the development of chronic respiratory diseases, suffering and poor ventilation. They tend to pant and snore. Be careful not to overfeed them because they have a tendency to obesity, which causes other diseases that could shorten life.
Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in pain, lameness and arthritis consecutive.
Patellar luxation is a disorder that affects the patella (kneecap).
It is a condition in which the eyelid inward rolling of the edge off them. Genes on the edge of the eyelid irritate the surface of the eyeball, which can lead to more serious problems.
Demodectic mange is a skin disease caused by parasitic mite. Hair loss and pruritus (scratching) are also commonly found.
Exposure to high heat is taken care of seriously because the Pug or short muzzle.
Pug's encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain that often cause epileptic states (fainting).
In addition, the Pug is susceptible to obesity, arthritis, heart disease, facial hyperkeratosis (formation of wrinkles in facial skin) and pseudohermafrodism.
The average length of a Pug's life is 12-14 years.