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1. Origin

The poodle breed dates back a long time. 13th-century paintings with these dogs prove that they exist for hundreds of years. Although the country of origin is not exactly known, it is supposed that the poodle could come from Germany. The name "poodle" comes from the German word "pudeln" which means "to dive". The breed was originally used to recover various things and objects in water.

In time the dog became known and very popular in France, where it was considered the national dog, known as the "caniche" or "duck-dog". Although the breed has in its origins water qualities, it was shown to have other skills like obedience, agility, tracking or herding. Poodles are known for the mutiple awards won in international tournaments: Best in show in 1991 and 2002, World Dog Show in 2007 and 2010 and so on.

The American Kennel Club claims that the large or the standard poodle is one of the three types of dogs that gained the swimmer reputation. Although it was used as a "retriever" the poodle has developed a resistance to humidity, which favors him when it comes to swimming. All members of the breed are known as good swimmers, except the dwarf poodle (small size, also called toy poodle) which never "touched" water.

It has beed used for mushroom hunting in England and later in Spain and Germany. Those mushrooms where considered a delicacy back then. The dwarf poodle was preffered for this because of his skills and size, the big dogs were destroying the fungus when digging with their big feet and claws. It is rumored that the poodle was paired with a terrier, to give a mushroom hunter, an ideal seeker.

Despite the variety and longevity of the breed, the dwarf poodle appeared in England in the 18th century and was used only in that period, until the appearance of the Havana breed (a similar small dog). It turned out that the poodle existed long before his appearance in England. Drawings of poodles by the german Albrecht Durer from the 15th and 16th centuries were discovered. In the 18th century it was the preffered pet in Spain according to Francisco Goyas' paintings. France had dwarf poodles as pets during the reign of Louis XVI.

2. Food Poodle

A big part of a dog's care is nutrition, ie food. To keep the thick coat and the curly hair shiny the dog must have a balanced diet. A puppy has a small stomach and requires 3-4 meals a day at first. A mature dog is usually fed twice a day, morning and afternoon. They should always have fresh water to drink when thirsty. Most sold foods contain the nutrients needed by a poodle.

You can ask a veterinary to establish a proper balanced diet. If you want to feed your dog cooked food you should integrate it into the diet gradually, or digestive problems will appear. The dry food is the most commonly used(it is cheaper). Cans are also good and liked by the poodle , even though some have a distrubing odor for humans. When it comes to begging, the poodle does its job very well.

However avoid giving them foods that harm them. Some of these foods are chocolate, artificial sweetners, sweets in general, grapes, raisins, onions etc. They can't digest turkey or pork.

3. Description Poodle

Most poodles have wavy coats that require regular care. Given that they don't have a double coat like other breeds, this coat is considered hair, as in humans. Most poodles have only one color. Here is a variety of colors: black, white, blue, gray, silver, brown, apricot, red, cream and so on. Unlike most breeds, poodles are found in a variety of sizes. Internationally, three sizes are recognized: standard, miniature and toy, other federations recognize four sizes: standard, medium, miniature and toy.

Unlike other breeds that have double coat, the poodles can be more vulnerable to low temperatures. They require many hours of weekly care (brushing), sometimes more than 10 hours. Many poodles have their hair cut short for easy maintenance. You could do this at home or at the veterinary but it is rather an expensive service.

4. Behavior Poodle

The poodle is a very intelligent breed, which is why he was the most popular dog breed in the world for a good while. It is considered by many experts one of the most intelligent dog, along with the German shepherd and the Border Collie. Marking territory and hunting are the main concerns of the poodle. Even the dwarf poodle tends to hunt birds. Although they are very energetic dogs, they can easily get bored, and are known for being creative and troublemakers.

5. Training Poodle

Poodles love to be the center of attention, so they are not difficult to train. They are easily trained to do lots of things and learn fast several command that involve agility and their brains.

They are open, eager for communication and sociable with children. Like most dogs, they enjoy daily exercise, such as playing or walking. The dwarf poodle will learn to bring the ball back if it's thrown fast enough and likes to play with children.

Given his small stature, it is better to have at their disposal a bowl with fresh water considering they will tire faster than his bigger relatives.

All poodles, if kept indoors, will learn to defecate outside. It may take a little while, they are intelligent dogs and learn faster than other dogs, but ultimately animals.

6. Characteristics Poodle

Addison's disease is the most commin disease with the poodle. The number of reported cases is almost twice higher than with any other issue. Addison's disease is characterized by the insufficient production of glucocorticoids and/or mineralocortoids in the adrenal cortex (kidney problems). This ilness isn't always easy to diagnose because the symptoms are vague and easily confused with other diseases. If discovered in time, a life treatment can be prescribed for the animal to live a relatively normal life.

7. Health Poodle

A common ilness is bloating, swelling can be seen. Symptoms include anxiety, discomfort, vomiting without eliminating anything. If you suspect that your poodle is bloated, you shouldn't wait for the belly to grow to be sure, the dog's health is at stake and in most cases saved if taken to the vet in time. It is good for owners to know the nearest 1-2 veterinary clinics in their area and the working hours.

An UK study has established the most common causes of death: cancer(30%), old age (18%), flatulence (6%), heart disease (5%). The average life span of a poodle is 12 years. The dwarf poodle lives an average 14 to 15 years. Main cause of death is old age. Some dwarf poodles lived up to 20 years.

Poodle common diseases include: Addison's disease, cataracts, heart disease, hepatitis, cushing syndrome, gastric problems, etc.

8. Pictures Poodle

9. Other dog breeds

10. Bibliography

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