Pekingese dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: China
- Group: Toy
- Weight: 3.2 – 6.4 kg
- Height: 15 – 23 cm
- Colors: Black, grey, black and tan, fawn brindle, fawn, cream
- Training: Good-natured, Stubborn, Aggressive, Intelligent, Affectionate, Opinionated
- Grooming: requires daily brushing
- Health: beware to to genetic diseases
- Litter size: 2 - 4 puppies
- Lifespan: 12 – 15 years
- Other names: Pekingese dog, Peke, Peking Palasthund
Pekingese dog is reported history of 2000 years BC! Painters and sculptors from ancient China they represented in their art exactly as we know it today. Also, DNA analysis were collected as evidence is one of the oldest and most stable race, with at least one ancestral gene clean wolf. The question is what kind of wolves were the ones who have evolved Pekingese.
Named after the old capital of China, Beijing race and was owned solely by the royals. He lived nearly three millennia, only in rooms vast Forbidden City, the residence of the kings. It was served and maintained by eunuchs and theft or sale of such dog was punishable by death.
May be called "sleeve" that, given the original dimensions smaller than those known today, could be transported smoothly off the sleeves of traditional kimonos. It is still one of the smaller pet dogs, but the Chinese have done more in this regard. To minimize the size of the breed, those who were caring for offspring Pekingese puppies fed with rice wine and in the first months of life, pinned tightly wrapped in strips of cloth.
In during the Second Opium War (1860) The Forbidden City was invaded by Allied troops, and the emperor Xianfeng fled with his entire suite so that before the fire Old Summer Palace, British troops captured five copies.
Believers, five Pekingese dogs guarding master body (an uncle of the king) who preferred suicide to avoid being captured by "foreign devils". One was provided by Lieutenant Dunne was named Queen Victoria and Looty, others were "adopted" by the Duchess of Wellington and Duchess of Richmond-Gordon. So penetrated imperial Pekingese in Europe, and the effect was devastating. Few small dogs were so pampered throughout their existence, and this is an aspect that should be taken into account.
Determining the type of food for a Pekingese dog breed is in a serious challenge for any home owner. The general concept of proper nutrition refers to balanced nutrient content, but from there to convince you to comply with this Pekingese dog eating habits is a long way (most often).
Although some breed Pekingese dog owners say they had no problems in terms of feeding, it should be stressed that they are a (happy) minority. To determine the dog food recipe you will have to go through a long process of testing various commercial preparations, natural foods and combinations thereof. This is the truth.
Specialists declare in unison that-ii Pekingese especially require special attention in this regard. Proper nutrition translates simplistic as the sum of two qualities: the dog likes and also provide him with all the nutrients it needs in a balanced proportion. Or, if you will, vice versa.
Many owners of dogs breed Pekingese have serious problems in achieving this dual goal - it's because these animals cute are very picky in terms of nutrition and not infrequently are able to enter into a genuine hunger strike if discovered in bowl something they do not like food. The funny part of this delicate dilemma is that they know exactly how can withstand without food.
And when we say this we think that any self-respecting Pekingese is an "emotional terrorist" who rely on the solid relationship of affection that bind you and know that you will not force him to limit Flemish endurance limit. When this kind of "war of diet" has sounded, Pekingese can resist the temptation posed by even those seemingly irresistible delicacies for them, just the desire to prove his point. Being so stubborn, do not think somehow that if they will be hungry enough will eat anything, because they will not.
Basically, you can choose from a wide range of cuisine available in the market in which you have to find one that to please puppy and also to have a balanced composition. It is advisable to try different combinations and commercial preparations of natural foods, with emphasis on liver, turkey and vegetables - which usually-like Pekingese OF THE. When taking a combination of dog accepted our advice is to prepare sufficient quantity on a week in which to give him a daily portion gradually.
This dog fluffy and delicate, more long than tall, stocky, with the front of the body broad, strong and in contrast with the lower, giving the overall appearance of a lion miniature (one of the names old Pechinezului was "Lion Dog") .
It has a large head, wide between the eyes and flat back, the muzzle is short (flat) wrinkled. His eyes are prominent, round, big, bright, dark. Ears, set high, they have fringes and are left near the head. It has a short neck and shoulders curved legs, sometimes twisted outward.
Pechinezului fur is double, with a first layer often fluffy and an outer layer of wire straight, harsh, forming a rich mane on the neck and back. Can have almost any color, it is seen more frequently in black and beige combined with white.
There purebred Pekingese dog completely white or completely dark red! May have a black mask, as a pug, like a pair of glasses.
The height is 20-25cm and weight of 4-6kg.
It is an intelligent, lively, brave, confident, independent, with a fairly high dose of stubbornness worthy, playful with those he knows.
It is affectionate and faithful master, friendly with children if you do not mind, especially when sleep is reserved, even mischievous strangers.
He has no problems with other dogs or other animals in the household.
Training a dog breed Pekingese is not difficult, but rather the applicant. As a companion dog for apartment demands in training will focus not usually targets too advanced. These dogs will not perform in agility competitions or will not lay claims in canine sports competitions.
No general skills in the field of intelligence prevents them from doing these things to be clear. But simply physical constitution imposes certain limits. Pekingese dogs-they were always placed in close proximity to their masters, storing their affection and attention, accustomed to be spoiled and to place the center of the sphere of interest. This traditional treatment they had for centuries in China were printed very strong genetic pattern.
You need to give proof of disciplinizare more consistency in the act. Pekingese dogs are intelligent but rebellious (and here we can not say that excels only males, as with most breeds). At least one family member must assume the dominant role that does not abdicate even for a day, because kids' furry Chinese "will use every opportunity to challenge the dominance to impose its views;
Watch daily brushing sessions from two perspectives: the necessary hygiene and game dominance. Specialists say that brushing training has a very important role in substantiating the relationship between master Pekingese and therefore recommended to be started early and be performed daily.
The dog will get to relax in these sessions (if you avoid sudden movements or operations painful hair removal nodes) and understands that it is absolutely in your control physically.
Insist on early socialization. Without being aggressive in the true sense, Pekingese breed dogs are slightly proud and arrogant animals around them, and this attitude her "help" often dangerous to get into trouble with other dogs, breed higher.
If possible normalized their relationship with cats. Pekingese-ii are victims favorite cats, these cats know that if intelligent let them chase a Pekingese enough he will get tired and will not appear effective when they would retaliate.
In fights with cats Pekingese-ii risking a lot to gain serious injuries to the eyes (they are large, exposed, protruding). If you have a Pekingese "warrior" in the relationship with cats, use a leash and try by all means to move the attention from cats to other points of interest.
Be steadfast in imposing rules of hygiene interior. Pekingese breed dogs are proving harder educated about this and will reach a longer time to get used to defecate outside the house. Firmness separate hardness, applied consistently and without rebate, will eventually lead to the desired results.
The coat should be brushed and combed frequently especially in places where it can break (abdomen, legs, joints feet).
Teach small with brushing to avoid problems when they get older.
Must be neat creases on the face in order not to infect ears must be kept clean and cut the excess hair between the pads of the feet.
The main problem that can affect the health and even cause death in dogs bred Pekingese represents various traumas. We're talking a valid issue for most breeds of small dogs and very small, so-called "toy dogs". Being curious by nature and an animal with a social component well evidenced, Pekingese your risk very much to be in the wrong time at the wrong place.
Regarding disorders and various diseases of internal organs, among the most frequent neurological and cardiovascular diseases found. Chapter cardiovascular statistics highlight congestive heart failure.
Heart failure is, in general terms, inability of the heart to provide blood flow required by the body's needs. Symptoms are quite less relevant in whole, sometimes allowing confusion and association with other diseases. Among the most relevant symptoms are found: breathing difficulties exhibited an extended period, swelling in limbs, intolerance to exercise and physical activities longer.
For a complete and correct diagnosis is needed echocardiography and blood tests. In the treatment of mild or early forms is to reduce the duration and extent of exercise, protection against extreme temperatures, decreased salt intake in food and other dietary changes.
Also, in parallel administer medication recommended by a veterinarian. In more complicated cases surgery is reached. The implications of the usual heart failure include myocardial infarction and other forms of ischemic heart disease, hypertension, valvular disease and cardiomyopathy.
When it diagnosed early and intervene effectively with proper medication, a Pekingese dog with this problem has a fairly long life expectancy. A heart murmur may warn of potential problems and need careful assessment of a veterinarian. Often, these problems do not go out before the age of 5-6 years, so the correct evaluation of a Pekingese dog breed is very difficult.
Eye diseases are seen quite often in specimens of Pekingese breed. These dogs have big eyes fixed in their sockets incomplete (protruding), a consequence of specific cranial configuration, such as eye problems can be quite easily identified from a perusal of the owner. Among the most common eye diseases include corneal ulcers, keratoconjunctivitis sicca and progressive retinal atrophy.
Skin allergies are often seen in specimens of this breed, particularly so-called "hot spots" (piotraumatica dermatitis). This condition manifests as an acute syndrome pruritus (intense itching) generated the affected areas, areas where injuries occur quickly.
The effects of these allergic reactions on the skin are sometimes perceived as the dog unbearable pain he trying to lick the affected areas sometimes chew or scratch those portions behaviors that worsen the initial injury. The most common causes of allergic conditions are associated, fairly common breed Pekingese. Suprainfestarea parasites (fleas), atopy, demodectic mange, infections anal glands, injuries that occur during cosmetic treatments (for trimming and lawn), reactions to some medications are the most common elements that favors the onset of disease.