Papillon dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Spain / France
- Group: Toy
- Weight: Males: Females 4-5kg: 3-4 kg
- Height: 20-28 cm
- Colors: white brown, white, red and white, greyscale
- Training: easy to train
- Grooming: requires regular brushing
- Temperament: energetic, cheerful, intelligent
- Health: beware of accidental wounds
- Litter size: 3 - 4 puppies
- Lifespan: 13 - 15 years
- Other names: Continental Toy Spaniel, Phalen, Epagneul nain Continental, Butterfly Dog, Pap, Papillon dog
This breed has two varieties: Papillon with straight ears and Phalen, ears drooping. Have the same origin and morphological characters. In fact, the variety of race Phalen was standard until the early twentieth century, when they appeared and have won broad public sympathy specimens were named Papillon ( "butterfly" in French, by the shape of the ears).
Epagneul Phalen (free translation "Spanish Night Moth"), as the primary indicator of the race, most likely developed in Spain, Dwarf Spaniel breed, then crossed the Pyrenees in France, where he won popularity. He was called "Spanish Squirrel" (for how they kept tail, like squirrel).
Report breed came from art. It was historically friend personalities of blue blood: King Louis XIV appears painted with the family with a copy of Papillon, King Henri III carried with it in a basket, dogs in this race, and copy Papillon / Epagneul Phalen of Marie Antoinette accompanied her on the steps to the guillotine. It was a princely houses pampered and representatives of major European aristocrats between the XV-XX.
Papillon is a dog-cute and tender, though not too popular breed. A favorite of royalty, this miniature dog does not love nothing more than to sleep comfortably all day in his master's lap.
It can also be found under the following names: Dog Papillon Phalen, Epagneul nain Continental, Butterfly Dog, etc.
Chocolate - this dessert irresistible to dogs of all breeds waist and turns highly toxic to dogs Papillon kids. For a puppy of this breed weighing around 2.5 kg, an amount of only 50 grams can prove fatal.
Grapes and raisins - are again dangerous foods, which is indicated to avoid them in the menu composition for Papillon dog breed. Despite the fact that other breeds do not seem to have any problem about the grapes or products derived from them, Papillon dogs small body does not seem to be able to digest the fruit, and even more, react negatively to specific compounds.
Among the foods most suitable for feeding dogs of breed Papillon can include meat (chicken, turkey, beef, fish and even lean meat of game), fresh fruits and vegetables (celery, carrot, parsnip, turnip, green pepper peas, apples, watermelon, banana, strawberry), plain yogurt, eggs (cooked or as an omelette), cheese, pasta (in moderation).
Of course, these suggestions are helpful to people who decide to prepare food in small Papillon dog house. This operation will consume some of your free time, but may offer significant benefits when we consider the health and tone your little friend.
For those of you who opt for commercial food, we offer a few tips (hopefully useful) for choosing a type of dry food suitable for eating dog: Choose only of those types of dog food containing meat as the first ingredient.
In principle, between first 5 ingredients provided to mention "content product" on the package, it must be the 2-3 meats and meat products. Normally dry food must be made practically dehydrated meat with small additions of plant species (for the fiber content) and some essential vitamins.
Papillon / Epagneul Phalen dog is a breed of small size, elegant, delicate and showcasing a natural grace. It has a small head, short proportion to the body, thin nose, tapered nose small and black.
The eyes are moderately large, almond-shaped, dark in color. The ears are attached behind the skull, spaced with long wavy fringe on the outside. Papillon are high, reminiscent of a butterfly's wings with wings wide open, and at Phalen are left near the head.
Papillon's fur is long and soft, in a single layer, has hair of medium length, straight, silky, longer and more often on the chest, where it forms a frill.
The tail looks like a silky feathers. Papillon / Epagnol Phalen has thin legs and paws as rabbit adorned with fringes and their long silky hair.
Roba this dog is white with patches of different colors. The hair on the head, including the ears, it should not be white. Also, all-ii-white Papillon are not allowed in competitions.
Nose, lips and eyelids are pigmented black. This dog shows a small head with an intelligent expression. Papillon dog is fairly easy to maintain; However, further attention should be paid to coat.
Silky hair can become dull if not brushed regularly. Brushing several times a week for 10-15 minutes is excellent. Longer hair behind the ears and belly is much more likely to tangle. Standard dimensions: Height = 20 to 28 cm; Weight = 2.4 kg. Life expectancy = 12-15 years.
Papillon / Epagneul Phalen is alert, lively and playful, eager to learn. Despite its fragile emanating extreme delicacy, Papillon is an athletic dog with huge resources for the effort.
Experts characterize as "a big dog in a little coat." Can cover long distances without problems in walks with master (7-8 km), it is capable of impressive jumps and even compete in some races of medium speed!
Gets along well with children and cats around support even if they appear in early life, to get used to them. It is retained and cautious with strangers and tends to be protective.
Though not a noisy race in the external environment can bark upsetting Papillon much when alone in the house because it has a very strong instinct of territoriality and alerts you any outside noise.
It is always recommended to be held around the owner. Informal but mentioned in the general description of the breed are "skills psychological" meaning that many owners Papillon / Epagneul Phalen, over time, have testified to the ability of great representatives of this breed of feeling state spirit of the master and to act in order to improve them, through the various means at its fingertips.
Papillon your dog is a pleasant house who likes to get in contact with people. They are beloved for their pleasant and lively nature. Papillon-ii, in general, does not bark excessively. Papillon dogs are sometimes called butterfly ears because they look like butterfly wings. Some dogs are friendly, intelligent they are tougher than she looks and love than exercise outside.
Dogs are gentle and affectionate, lively, agile and charming. They are playful and funny, but can be calm, patient, courteous and imposing. Dogs are stable and quiet. They like to be spoiled and embrace, but love and playing outside. Some dogs can be quite possessive of their owner and book intruders. Dogs are firm, subject and does not bark too much.
Papillon dogs can be trained to perform tricks. Some lines of dogs can be nervous, stubborn or timid. Papillon dogs are good with older children. Can be a little aggressive with other dogs.
Papillon / Epagneul Phalen is an intelligent and skilful, built for movement and exercise. His abilities were often rewarded with prizes in international competitions of obedience and agility. It can be trained easily, in a more insistent, because I'm pretty stubborn.
Training must be completely submissive to stop him from barking in the house when instincts dictate that. Can easily learn tricks and frolics. Owners must give constant attention, otherwise Papillon will turn into a dog morose, irritable and aggressive.
In this regard, it is important to master subordinate authority, not to conclude that he is copy Alfa family.
If you rely on "politics snacks" in an attempt to gain attention and cooperation in carrying out the delicate Papillion dressage lessons, fall into a trap.
Of course at times it will be hungry or feel a craving for some small rewards in your pocket (biscuits, dry pieces of meat etc.), your dog will execute the commands you pretend for him, but that reasoning and- it will form will be as follows: "if I'm hungry, I cooperate if I'm not hungry, I have no interest in that."
So in other words, adapted to shape your dog "dressage hunger". Each time the animal will be disinterested village and a snack, all the scaffolding that you thought that you have built in previous training work will collapse and the dog will ignore commands, nemaigasind no interest in the idea of cooperation.
Of course the tasty rewards have their very important role, they are useful tools in training. But the idea is to use them selectively for major achievements in completing their use and caresses, words of appreciation, and encouraging attitudes satisfied.
Start learning in training with the word "gold": "NO!". This command, which can be completed with the command "STOP" must be placed on top.
On hearing this puppy must discontinue any activity that take place at the time, to charge fair value of the absolute prohibition of the word. After all, this word is learning and assessment tool you enjoy respect in his eyes.
Papillon-ii dogs are fairly easy to maintain; However, further attention should be paid to coat.
Silky hair can become dull if not brushed regularly. Brushing several times a week for 10-15 minutes is excellent.
Longer hair behind the ears and belly is much more likely to tangle.
Specific health issues affecting your kneecaps from the hind legs, but can be dealt with surgically. Another aspect could be a soft stretch in the skulls, which if not only heal, requiring protection.
The main threats to health if these pets are small but very brisk various accidental injury. As the owner of a dog breed Papillon must be always careful to stay away from him agglomerations and dangerous situations, which can be inadvertently injured.
As with most races when we talk about race Papillon we consider some specific diseases and conditions with a high incidence. The most serious ocular diseases reported in progressive retinal atrophy are the breed (which installs the most commonly aged 3-4 years) and cataracts (which can occur much earlier, puppies aged 6-8 months).
Eyelash growth abnormalities, impaired functioning of the lacrimal ducts and the phenomenon called "persistent pupillary membrane" were also reported at Papillon breed dogs.
Diseases that occur also with a certain frequency, during the growing season, when the dog makes the transition from junior to adult dog stage (1-2 years) are the heart (mitral valve disease) and neurological (epilepsy is the most engrave).
Digestive diseases most common in breeds are copies pancreatitis and colitis (intestinal inflammation). Other diseases reported by specialist dogs Papillion hypothyroidism, Addison's disease (incidence somewhat lower, though), allergies and infections of the skin (pyoderma and dysplasia follicular being extreme forms), deafness (especially in specimens with hair white head - in full or dominant color), hydrocephalus, hypoglycemia, liver, hernia, kidney stones and various dental problems.