Other names: newfile, newfile, Newfoundland dog, Terra Nova dog
Its origin on several assumptions. Certainly that is the ancestor of Tibet Dogo. This breed has spread in the nineteenth century, with the help of fishermen from France, Germany and England.
It is famous for saving people from drowning. He was loved and praised by poets Burns and Byron, who said about him that he has all the qualities of man, but not his flaws.
Being calm, gentle and loving dogs have become the most sought after for the company. In 1979, the breed Newfoundland (Newfoundland) was officially accepted into the American Kennel Club.
2. Food Newfoundland
When we speak of this breed peculiarities consist in correctly evaluating the growth pace from being chicken at junior and adult dog and then obviously in quantitative adaptation. For a Newfoundland dog breed is a colossus.
As any parent responsible for the content and formula feeding adjusts to the specific requirements of each stage of age she traverses its offspring, the same care should be exercised in case your pet, whether dog or any other species.
Because if a dog Newfoundland expected to increase from approx. 0.5 kg to 55 kg at birth by the age of 1 year, it is very important to assure proper nutrition, high quality (in terms of content and volume) to enable the assembly to develop musculoskeletal harmonious natural landmarks in the race.
You should know that a puppy can consume during the growing nearly twice the amount it needs an adult dog! At maturity, an adult dog consumes an average of 6-8 measures of dry food plus 500 grams to 1 kg of meat.
For puppies 8 weeks - the amount will be divided into 4 equal daily meals (no time limit);
For puppies aged 10-12 weeks daily diet will be given in three daily servings (no time limit);
After 6 months of age - 2 meals a day (minimum of 6 hours, 15 minutes given to each meal. The amount will not be granted uneaten next meal!);
From the age of 1 year can serve the entire amount of food at one meal, plus a snack at a minimum interval of 4 hours.
But it would be ideal to keep the schedule with 2 tables to avoid a threat of reaction called gastric torsion, especially if your dog is trained regularly in dynamic activities (exercises, swimming, jogging outdoors with family members). The 15-minute rule remains valid.
3. Description Newfoundland
Dog is a big, strong, vigorous, which impresses with his great strength and power work. It has a large head, broad muzzle with large, prominent, with big lips, thick and left.
The eyes are medium in size and color brown. It has small ears with rounded tips. The tail is high, broad, strong and left to rest.
Toes connected by smooth skin that helps to swimming. The coat is double thick, waterproof, thick, medium length. Can have pitch black, brown, gray.
There are also black and white version named Edwin Landseer Landseer in memory ESRD who painted the favorite dog of Queen Victoria.
Newfoundland dogs shows a height of 69-74 cm at the shoulder male and female 63-69 cm and a weight of 59-68 kg and 45-54 kg male to female.
4. Behavior Newfoundland
Termperament has an exceptionally gentle, affectionate and docile, intelligent and sociable. Barks rarely is balanced and confident.
Devoted and affectionate with his owner and his family, protector and friendly with children and is friendly with other dogs, other animals or strangers if they have bad intentions.
5. Training Newfoundland
Being an intelligent and docile, training is easy and with very good results when combined with a friendly voice, calm. The training must be balanced and consistent. Moving needs. He loves to swim.
Training this dog must be firm, balanced, consistent with a friendly voice and calm as they are very intelligent, eager to learn, docile and emotional maturity only after they reach the age of two.
Even if a dog is gentle and calm, remain a very large dog so it is advisable to small trained to not become a danger for foreigners when he grows up.
6. Characteristics Newfoundland
Newfoundland is known to cause excessive drooling. This may be uncomfortable for some people, although many fanciers consider the issue salivation a small sacrifice in exchange for owning a dog tempered hearted.
Daily care is necessary to maintain double coat neincurcata about 15 minutes a day.
Although moderate and seasonal moulting dogs are not known and it would generate allergies in humans. While it is well known that loves to be around people, Newfoundland volume can spend a signifier of time outdoors if the weather is suitable.
Due to its double coat, long, these dogs do not tolerate extreme heat or humidity, preferring cooler climates.
It is a weatherproof dog that feels good in the open with a loving owner. No need much experience to keep this dog, but should be considered financial capacity to meet the needs of this large dog. It needs socialization, training.
7. Health Newfoundland
Torsion (dilation) is a disease gastric sudden life threatening dog associated filling its stomach with air and twist.
Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in pain, lameness and arthritis consecutive.
Sudden hyperthermia is a serious condition caused by the body's inability to further stabilize the dog's body temperature.
Improper diet generates the dogs wet eczema.
Cataracts cause a loss of the normal transparency of the lens. The problem can occur in one or both eyes and can lead to vision loss over time.
Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not function normally. In the absence of sufficient thyroid hormone secretions, said condition may occur.
Entropion is a condition in which the eyelid inward rolling of the edge off them. Genes on the edge of the eyelid irritate the surface of the eyeball, which can lead to more serious problems. Terra Nova is predisposed to atopy, cystinuria and cardiomyopathy.
On average, life expectancy at Terra Nova is 7-10 years.