Leonberger dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Germany
- Group: Working
- Weight: Male: 50-75 kg Females: 40-60 kg
- Height: Males: 70-80 cm Females: 65-75 cm
- Colors: cream, mahogany, yellow, red
- Training: easy-medium
- Grooming: long coat require brushing
- Temperament: adaptable, obedient, loyal, loving, fearless
- Health: robust and resistant
- Litter size: 6 - 14 puppies
- Lifespan: 9 - 14 years
- Other names: Leonberger dog
Tradition records that in 1830, Heinrich Essig, a dog breeder and marketer in the town of Leonberg (near Stuttgart, Germany, Baden-Württemberg) took the initiative to create a new breed of dog to be considered in -a symbol of the community.
For it has gone from a female Newfoundland (Newfoundland) (Landseer variety, characterized by the combination of black and white coat) and a male giant mountain dog brought from the Monastery St. Bernard (where stabilized Saint Bernard).
Leonberger dog was named to symbolize the city where he was born and breed, but also because they wanted a replica of the translation of this name ( "leon" = lion, "berg" = mountain).
The initiator wanted to get a dog breed whose fur coat colors to suggest lion with a waist just as impressive with a rich mane of hair on the head and neck. Subsequently, Essig has continued to improve the physical characteristics exhibited by the first copies obtained using the crossings in and copies of the Pyrenean Shepherd.
The first dog officially registered as the Leonberger was born in 1846 and seems to own the majority qualities exhibited by modern breed.
Never feed dog with a spoon, let it to fend for himself. When he began to eat new types of food, make Leonberger puppy of a bowl with milk once a day. Milk is highly recommended for dogs during junior.
Choose the type of milk (cow or condensed) only if you make sure the source is available for at least two months. The changes will not be well received and puppy milk intake is very important in the first months of life. If he can provide cow's milk, it must be cooked in advance and served at a temperature of 25-27 degrees Celsius.
As advancing age, between 6 and 12 months, a Leonberger dog race will have become accustomed to solid food slowly, with patience and understanding. You can form a porridge of bread pasteurized, well cooked oatmeal, biscuits for dogs Junior and fill with juice from a broth until consistency is a soft food.
Insert this "soup" in the menu, two of the six meals per day (the other will consist of milk). It is better to feed a puppy when he asked, expressing themselves clearly, but without exceeding the barrier of 5-6 meals. Remember that comprises Leonberger breed dogs greedy, they will reach a large and specimens are prone to obesity.
Do not make the mistake that sin sentimental reasons, violate the principles of fair food that delimit. Carefully, keeping them appetite, increase the number of servings of porridge / "soup" to the detriment of milk. You see, certainly, around the age of 9-10 months, as little Leonberger requires more food at one meal, but rarely require to be fed.
When expressing a greater appetite and the health is good, you can begin to insert in a daily diet of small pieces of chicken meat (breast) or calf (calf), chopped and well mixed. Also, bone meal as feed specially formulated for dogs may be used, sprinkled gate.
The three key issues to identify the correct food for a dog (in this case Leonberger, but the concept applies to any breed) are the amount of food and number of meals provided daily regularity. After the age of 12 weeks until 6 months old, a Leonberger puppy is recommended to be fed 4 times a day. By the age of 1 year, 3 meals a day are sufficient.
After that, if they do not subject the dog an intensive workout, you can you give food in two portions, divided morning and evening. When a Leonberger breed dog reaches the age of 1 year, the meat must be represented in abundance on the menu for a harmonious and healthy muscle development.
The idea is that it should exclusively fed with meat, but the percentage should ideally be part of two parts added meat food (biscuits for dogs, for example). This rate may be too strong if you have a dog that does not perform exercise training or an activity involving physical supported (swimming, transport of materials or towing sleds / trolleys), but it is good to appreciate the concrete, depending on the situation real.
Leonbergers have double coat that ranges in thickness and length but is generally medium length. The coloring of the coat can be in a variety of shades of brown, yellow, gold and red. The hair is soft and in somewhat wavy, but not curly. Bushy tail hanging down.
Leonberger site has long and broad ears, ears that are edges with ornate hair dark brown or black. His face is slightly wrinkled, with a black mask and eye gentle and cheerful. Masks should not exceed eyebrow line. The nose and lips are always black.
The neck is strong, but it must be provided with dewlap. His thick mane of a lion gives him a look. Male, mane develop completely in about 4 years. Are bony and muscular limbs and covering their hair is longer forming multiple fringe. Spurs on hind be amputated.
Considered to be a giant breed, Leonberger's size can be intimidating. Conformation is its robust body and paws are round and strong. They are provided with an interdigital membrane that helps to swimming. However, a simple look in his brown eyes and gentle will make you understand that this breed is just fascinating.
Leonberger adult site can reach a height at the withers of about 74-80 cm and 61-74 cm from male to female and weighs around 59-77 kg and 45-59 kg male to female.
Its general structure is that of a lively dog, intelligent, peaceful and tempered reactions. Being a strong dog, aware of its strength, require early socialization and obedience training at an early age performed thoroughly.
If they develop personality under the close supervision of the master, Leonberger will prove an adult dog affectionate, attached and devoted a good predisposition for playing and games, permissive and thoughtful in dealing with children. If this strong dog early interact with other animals will accept them as an adult without problems.
Foreigners are alert as they approached, but momenttul in which they are recognized and accepted by master there will be no interaction problems. There is a dog with aggressive tendencies, young males who exhibit a dominant temperament and tendencies of territoriality can be molded by early training.
This dog is effective protection and security that impresses with its simple appearance and forcible flaunting. No need for their intervention Leonberger-effective and prefer them to control a situation rather than solve it through direct action (deterrent).
First, the Leonberger is a dog very fond family will do everything possible to monitor the activities developed around him and is influential to small or big changes they observe.
Being an animal sensitive and reactive to the general atmosphere is better you decide to purchase a Leonberger dog when you have the consent of all family members. Not unilaterally decide to adopt a puppy hoping that his presence will persuade reluctant members and will win affection thereafter. Leonberger dog that feels agreed becomes timid, less responsive and listless / introverted, reacting slowly and without enthusiasm at training and socialization various exercises.
Leonberger dog is quite active and mischievous in the first two years of life, especially in families with small children. Because of massiveness and a certain left-handers in movements that derive from it are sometimes capable of "talking crap" troublesome, but without prove statistically a breed prone to disasters.
Firmly but gently intervene every time a Leonberger puppy violate certain rules, your attitude will suggest that only through gestures and mimics grief will be most of the time, the instrument enough to correct the behavior. This dog can be trained easily through different games as catching and bringing the ball, overcome obstacles and, especially, in tow sleds or carts small transport various materials in Samaria (harness especially divided, which attaches to the dog's body) .
Be careful not started with this kind of exercise training (traction transport weights) earlier age 2 years to allow bone to grow and harden completely.
Connoisseurs of these dogs also highlights an interesting psychological aspect specific Leonberger dogs. Despite its imposing, virile, these dogs tend to attach more closely to women than men.
It may be a legacy of Saint Bernard dogs, which are believed to react like, or simply Leonberger choose to be more protective with family members in May that displays less physical force. But on the other hand, the attachment of a dog, generally speaking, does not manifest opposite sex of a person but against this index. How men on average live a more dynamic and more absent from the bosom of their families, this dog is oriented emotionally, instinctively toward the adult present in family life: partner, wife, mother.
Leonberger needs adequate food, carefully balanced and age correlated with the stage reached.
As a junior dog should not be involved in large-scale exercises and high degree of physical involvement (jumping, overtaking obstacles, or towing carat weights, distance running too long) because it records a rapid pace of musculoskeletal system development skeletal and it takes time to adapt and strengthen it. Leonberger is a breed with heavy moult, so you will need intense brushing, developed especially to changing seasons.
Eyes and ears of these dogs should be subject to regular checks, eliminating the possibility problems in early stages.
Leonberger is a dog-resistant and sturdy, with little known sensitivities of a medical nature. Of these, with increased frequency, indicated the following:
- Torsion (dilation) is a disease gastric sudden life threatening animal stomach filling associated with air and twist it.
- Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in pain, lameness and arthritis in a row.
- Panosteita is manifested in inflammation of long bones during growth. It induces pain and lameness until the dog matures.
- Entropion is a condition in which the eyelid inward rolling of the edge off them. Genes on the edge of the eyelid irritate the surface of the eyeball, which can lead to more serious problems.
The average life expectancy of the Leonberger's is 8-10 years.