Komondor dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Hungary
- Group: Working
- Weight: 50-60 kg
- Height: Males: 71-76 cm Females: 64-69 cm
- Colors: White
- Training: medium-difficult
- Grooming: difficult
- Temperament: fearless, gentle, calm, loving, independent
- Health: generally healthy
- Litter size: 6 - 12 puppies
- Lifespan: 10 - 12 years
- Other names: Komondorok (plural), Hungarian Sheepdog, Hungarian Komondor, Mop Dog, Komondor dog
Komondor breed dogs origins are still disputed. The emergence and evolution in Hungary is placed either on account tribes Hungarians, which were installed in the Pannonian Plain around 890 AD, are those of cumani (population nomadic Turkish language, resident in the territory of today's Hungary between the 12-13th centuries).
Some experts place the origin of the name itself correlated with Cuman tribes (Komon = cuman miss = dog; dog Kumans). Clearly, pastors were those who brought her dog this big, strong and imposing. The first written mention about this breed appearing in a Codex since 1544. Today, the Hungarian Komondor breed is declared a national treasure by law, banned any improvements and transformations.
Appearance or unusual, given fur stripes grouped in felting, long, evenly distributed in successive layers, suggesting a kinship with breeds Puli (Hungary) and Bergamasco.
Also, some physical and character traits suggests a link between dogs and mighty Caucasian Shepherd White (South Russian Ovcharka). It is understood that these dogs were originally appeared in an area with extremely harsh climate, for which they have developed very thick and dense fur with wire.
In during the II World War II Komondor were used to guard military equipment. Many individuals have died on duty, the breed became rare after the war.
Exported from Hungary became difficult during this period of turbulence due to political and economic life. Finally, in 1930, Komondor's made his entry on American soil. Some farmers still use US-ii Komondor guard and protect the herds of animals, but most specimens are today loved pets.
Dogs are, according to general opinion, omnivores. And it can be argued that only if you ignore the fact that any breed of dog developed from ancestral wolf that was and remains the current specimens mainly carnivorous animal species.
Komondor dog has undergone many improvements of the race, controlled crossings etc. which significantly change his ancestral gene pool, so his inclination regarding diet will be one based on meat and animal products.
Ultimately, the solution is a mix of meat and animal products with vegetables, that this dog will accept the food, especially when organized diet carefully early on.
Besides animal foods: beef, chicken, horse, goose, turkey, mutton, lamb and fish fillet (the latter in moderation) is recommended and a number of vegetables (beware of the toxic-ex.ceapa) such as tomatoes, lettuce, spinach, potatoes (boiled in shell and crushed), carrots (grated), celery, parsley, green beans and cabbage (the maximum administered once a week).
To complete source of protein, amino acids and carbohydrates are recommended pork and beef organs (liver, kidney, lungs), pasta, eggs (preferably boiled), cereals, milk, cheese and fruit (occasionally).
Bones and they represent a favorable source of calcium for the dog but they must be of equine origin or beef (the poultry producing chips are brittle and dangerous) and bone. Bones are useful in a Komondor diet and good oral hygiene maintenance.
Given food should be well cooked for homogenization and ration (feed intake) should be supplemented depending on the level of activity attained by each animal separately. Komondor puppies portions to be number 5-6 (4 months), 4-5 (6 months), 3-4 (1 year) falling to 2 years of age (prior to maturity) 2 servings day, preferably administered in the morning and in the evening.
This large dog needs more food. Standard mature specimens weigh 55-60 kilograms, and some dogs can achieve reportedly some owners even 70-75 kilos!
Komondor is a large dog with a square-shaped body, strong, muscular. The head is large in proportion to body, with dark almond eyes.
In general, this dog eyes are not visible (making it more difficult to anticipate their reactions) being covered with hair. The ears are large, left, in turn covered their hair.
The tail is long, slightly turned to the top, worn hanging, and agitation rises at most to the back. Special fur is very thick and long, contributing to the appearance of massiveness that we denote specimens of the breed.
Coat color is white (ivory in color), which is double, with a first coat fluffy, very often, woolly and waterproof.
The top layer grows long, convoluted and often felt the threads are grouped in what might be called the rope (natural). Less pretentious, it is weatherproof. Master needs a determined and experienced in raising dogs.
Komondor displays a calm reassuring but doubled unflappable courage in guarding and defending the flock entrusted or property and his master's house. Attack or always rely on surprise.
Komondor not bark too much to do and alarm enemies. This dog looks like property that is installed on its territory and absolutely will not tolerate the presence of other beings.
Susceptibility is one of the traits of the breed native. Will not hesitate to attack massive animals, such as bears or cougars and brave way you chest packs of wolves, coyotes and jackals. It is very faithful to his master, but does not trust strangers.
Supports desul good interaction with children. Day prefer a secluded position, sitting, lying in an area that brings him the possibility to supervise visual territory.
The dog will nap during the day, but will always has an eye on others. Overnight, normal behavior is the active guard, patrulandu his tireless territory.
Given the size, power, speed, responsiveness and specific temperament, a Komondor needs to begin very early in exercise training (4-8 months), or being able to record dangerous behavior or development.
This dog is quite intelligent but bored pretty quickly when you have part of routine exercises and becomes stubborn and uncooperative.
He needs to be always induce a state cheerful and fund needs to be optimistic. Praise is a necessity in training with a Komondor, and timely corrections.
If you will be allowed to display an unfriendly and hostile behavior, the dog will make it very easy in these "book visit." Therefore, corrections consistent, even from a young puppy are necessary to ensure the development of a well-adjusted adult dog behavior.
Komondor needs early socialization and still young to be exposed to many new situations. Because watchdog instincts are very strong (implemented in character naturally), lack of socialization can lead to an excess of aggression in situations where your dog is experiencing situations or new people.
Naturally it was a dog who was allowed a wide discretion as to who will react quite difficult to Obedience training. Learn harder in training commands, but once a command-and will itself, will meet constantly.
The fur of this breed does not brush, but be crushed by hand that forms tufts of fluff falls if you want to form a fringe form of fur.
When it comes to bathing, activity is recommended only in summer because its very dense fur needs a few days to dry completely. Komondor needs a generous land in which to make their daily movement, a large yard is the best choice.
It is an outdoor dog, very good supporting temperature variations during all seasons.
Not recommended as an indoor dog because a dog is too big and specific behavior, guard eternally alert will make it difficult to support. It is an excellent guard dog for herds of herbivores, for properties and homes.
Torsion (dilation) is a disease gastric sudden life threatening dog associated filling its stomach with air and twist.
Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in pain, lameness and arthritis consecutive.
Entropion is a condition in which the eyelid inward rolling of the edge off them.
Genes on the edge of the eyelid irritate the surface of the eyeball, which can lead to more serious problems.
The average lifespan of Komondor's is 10 - 12 years.