King Charles Spaniel dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: United Kingdom
- Group: Toy
- Weight: 6 - 8 kg
- Height: 30-33 cm (12-13 inches)
- Colors: Tricolor, black, brown, ruby
- Training: intelligent, easy to train
- Grooming: requires regular brushing
- Health: prone to certain diseases
- Litter size: 3 - 5 puppies
- Lifespan: 9 - 14 years
- Other names: Ruby Spaniel, Blenheim Spaniel, King Charles Spaniel dog
In the 16th century such a type of small dog was popular among the nobility of England. People in those days believed that this dog is able to keep fleas away, and some even thought he could prevent some diseases of the stomach.
Often it has been called "the Spaniard bland 'or' counselor 'and ladies prefer when traveling in a cart in the winter because it was easier and keep you warm when you sat on your lap. There's even a myth that has been issued a document confirming the entry of dogs in any public place King Charles spaniel.
Later during the reign of King William III and Queen Mary II dog lost popularity pug face. After crossing two (pug with King Charles spaniel) appeared king charles spaniel today with short snout and prominent forehead.
In the first part of the 18th century John Churchill, first Duke of Marlborough preferred breed King Charles spaniel white and red for hunting. Duke appreciated the breed because it is able to keep up with a horse at trot. Due to the diversity of color and his personality was born at Blenheim Cavalier King Charles spaniel and hence became known on. In early 20th century crosses were made to recreate the original race.
The first standard was created based on a copy called "son of Ann" and recognized kennel club as cavalier king charles spaniel type. World War II caused a population decline drastically decreasing greatly in the 40s. History of race in America is relatively short. First cavalier King Charles spaniel was registered in 1956 by Lyon W. Brown Spalding with Elizabeth and other enthusiasts founded the first club of the dog in America that exists today.
Food King Charles Spaniel
What is the best food for Cavalier King Charles spaniel? There is no such thing. Like humans and animals have different nutritional preferences, so we can not say that there is a certain kind of food, but you can give them even made a healthy balanced meal.
If you know your dog's nutritional needs them and can select the correct foods so you can ensure that he lives a long and healthy life. In the wild dogs hunt smaller animals such as rabbits, squirrels, etc., consuming them entirely, skin, flesh, bones. Besides meat it was observed that consume juice or herbs.
In this way wild dog has a complete diet contains fat and fiber. Pet dog do not have to hunt to provide food and daily, it is offered to the owner basically depends on the owner's health, so the master must know them nutritional needs.
Whether the food you offer cooked food or food bought (personally recommend the dog food because the composition of fibers, fats, vitamins, etc. is different than that of humans, dogs do not do well all foods cooked by humans, eg soups and others) is supravegeati good to at least start to reach a balance if you defuse dog fur as if it has began, the seat is healthy, energy, etc.
Some information for choosing foods: Proteins are the building blocks for muscle tissue and bone. The best source of protein is meat is easily digestible. Adult dogs should receive about 20% protein at a meal. At 20-25% protein chicken are recommended because they are growing. Fats give energy and helps transport vitamins in dog's body. Fatty acids are the ones who make the coat shine. Take care not to make excess fat that otherwise will result in a dog or a pig round. These are recommended at a rate of 5%. Vitamins and minerals are recommended for metabolism, energy and immune system. The fibers are recommended for the digestive system and absorption of nutrients.
If you decide to change your dog's diet this is done gradually. Mix a little of the new food with the old on the first day, a little more the next day and for a week of increasingly longer.
Description King Charles Spaniel
King Charles Cavalier is one of the most playful breeds. In the past it was considered a dog that sits in your lap and adult dogs today have the pleasure to sit trends and jump master's lap.
We must recognize that unlike other dog breeds is a small size. Breed standard is between 30 to 33cm tall, weighing between 4.5 and 8gk. Free fur is usually right, but there are copies with slightly wavy coat.
Ears, tail and paws are more undulating than restu body in adults. The breed has four recognized colors: white, black, red and brown. Puppies can have one color, but most have 2-3 colors.
Behavior King Charles Spaniel
According to statistics published by the kennel club, cavalier King Charles spaniel was the 6th most popular dog in the United Kingdom in 2007 with 11422 copies recorded in a single year.
His popularity is growing in America in 2008 was ranked in the top 25, and are scrambling statistic. Clubs cavalier King Charles spaniel national exist in Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, to
Cavalier King Charles spaniel breed is highly affectionate, playful and patient. This breed gets along well with children and other dogs. There are shy and easily socialize with other dogs older. They adapt quickly in almost all environments, families and locations.
Their ability to "communicate" and socialize with older dogs bring a plus when elected. Although race socialize with everyone, cavalier King Charles spaniel is considered a dog of average intelligence. It is a curious and playful dog is happy when paying attention and is comforted lap or beside master.
Training King Charles Spaniel
Training dogs, in general, and his cavalier King Charles spaniel is an important part of the development of the dog. The training provides practical control of the dog. Although this dog is trainable, eager to learn and intelligent, which makes training enjoyable lessons, you will see that once caught the moves will easily integrate into the family.
What should know your dog? If you know basic commands will be easy to control and easy so you can converse with him. The most common commands are: sit, sit, lay down, come and wait. If you do not want to give the hand a trainer authorized and trained really want to you will reveal some of the secrets. One of the secrets is to be patient, do not expect the animal to comprehend at first.
Each session will be short more than 5 times 5 minutes than 25 minutes; this time the dog gets bored and do not pay careful attention. Training sessions to be held in a place where it is not distracted (for a dog, balloons, etc.). It is important not to do anything or reprimanded if the dog is not to be. Do not yell, do not give in because it solves nothing. It is not his fault he does not understand at first.
No matter how intelligent an animal still remains. Be persistent and you use praise and recompese do well to understand how it works. These bases are virtually dialogue between you and him.
Characteristics King Charles Spaniel
Various health issues affect this particular race, the most common problem being mitral valve disease leading to cardiac arrest. It occurs in most specimens of the breed at some point in their lives and is the most common cause of their death.
Another cause of death is particular race Syringomyelia, a disease that affects the brain and spleen that begins with discomfort, pain then increasingly larger and eventually paralysis. This is due to deformation of the back of the skull that reduces the space and pressing on the brain and nerves.
This disease is rare in most breeds, but it appears from age 6 months to 4 years 85% of cavalier King Charles spaniel puppies.
Health King Charles Spaniel
These dogs often suffer from serious health problems due to inherited such as mitral valve disease, hip dysplasia, eye diseases or disorders of hearing.
Can suffer dislocations of the kneecap and heredity eye or problems, like cataracts or retinal dysplasia.