Havanese (Bichon) dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Cuba
- Group: Toy
- Weight: 3 - 6 kg
- Height: 20-30 cm
- Colors: white, black, brown, mahogany
- Training: easy to train
- Grooming: requires regular brushing
- Temperament: playful, gentle, intelligent, loving, affectionate
- Health: generally healthy
- Litter size: 3 - 5 puppies
- Lifespan: 14 - 15 years
- Other names: Bichon Havanais, Havana Silk Dog, Bichon Havanese dog
Havanese is a breed of dog that belongs to type bichon created extinct breed of Bichon Tenerife.
Early sixteenth century reveal that dogs were brought along these races settlers, most likely "Tenerife dog" Bichon common ancestor for the entire family. These little dogs quickly found the way to homes and Spanish aristocrats were developed without much outside influence.
They still managed to adapt to the tropical climate of the island. Havanezul of today is a dog that tolerate heat due to its unique coat. Once called "havana silk dog" or "Spanish silk poodle", its fur is a raw silk, abundance, but extremely light and soft tropical isolating against heat. in his native country, fur was never caught, and the hair has never been tied in a bow because Cubans believed that protects eyes from sun.
Despite trade restrictions, Cuban colony grew and prospered. By the eighteenth century was the cultural center of the New World, with an elegance that surpassed all Britons have managed their colonies.
Aristocracy of Europe found the city of Havana as a perfect place for vacations, with operas, theaters and palaces. On their return to Europe, they brought the dog back than Havana, which was favored on the courts of Spain, France and England.
Both in Spain and in the court of Louis XVI, they were trimmed in the manner poodle being admired for their size. On the other hand the English have left fur naturally white Cuban calling them although they were frequently met in other colors.
By the middle of the eighteenth century they were simply fashionable in Europe. Queen Victoria owned two, Charles Dickens was one of seven children loved his named Tim. They were at the top competitions in Europe where breed dogs began to be well established. Meanwhile in Cuba, times have changed. Sugar barons aristocracy was endangered, and a new class, the bourgeoisie was developing.
Little Havana dog adaptable as ever became a great family dog, playful, guard dog, herding dog for poultry. This position he held there for the last hundred and fifty years.
With the advent of the Cuban revolution, Havana class aristocratic owners were the first to fled. Few dogs have managed to reach the US, and by the late '70s race was rebuilt. All Havanezii today come from small 11 immigrants were rescued wing "Iron Curtain" and the revolutions in Cuba.
Remarkably, over time such as Havana remained virtually unchanged from the eighteenth century paintings. They are still considered rare their popularity is growing. To keep now and for the future is a challenge.
Longer part of Bichon: Bichon Frise, Bichon Bolognese, Bichon Maltese, Coton de Tulear, Tsvetnaya Bolonka, Franzuskaya. Havanese can be found calling names: Bichon Havanais, Havanese, Havaneser, Havanezer, Havana Silk Dog.
Food Havanese dog
Havanese breed puppies can be fed both with food from special trade it for them, but with different kinds of homemade crane. Most prefer the rice with carrot and meat.
Attention to allergies. Like any dog or animal, if not properly fed are allergic to certain foods. It is best to consult a veterinarian.
If you choose to feed purchased, whether it is wet or dry, it is well to read the ingredients. Like humans, dogs are considered junk food brands. Homemade food is always the best solution under the condition that it contain vitamins, minerals, protein, fats and acids that the pet needs. Attention, excess harms.
Water should be fresh and always discretion for our four-legged friend to be able to quench your thirst when needed.
Description Havanese dog
It is a small dog with sizes between 22 cm and 29 cm and can weigh between 3-6 kg. They can also be found in many colors, from black, white and silver chocolate until all combinations of these colors.
What makes it unique on the dogs fur like silk, which can be soft wiry or wavy giving protection against the sun's harsh native country.
Dogs are very playful and jumps that we have done in the fact that the front legs shorter than the rear which is part of its charm. Same tail is curled over the back and very bushy.
Although there is an argument about how Havana that initially all copies of this breed were white or of different colors, modern Havanezul are acceptable to all colors and combinations of culori.Singurele restrictions are imposed Havana race and color are the nose which must havanezului be black except chocolate can have nose in coat color.
Popular colors for this breed include: brown, white, and black, and parti-Havanese.
Behavior Havanese dog
Havanezul is accustomed to the good life and no wonder, because for centuries spoiled dogs have been found in wealthy households. There is no doubt regarding the fact that they lack the size, but filled in personality.
In Cuba this dog is the national dog of Havana hence the name. This dog is very active, loving people, intelligent and affectionate. The advantage that it has havanezul with other dogs in his family is that it does not smell and does not bite.
Havanezul is a perfect dog for interior, has a daily moderate exercise, but can adapt to almost all environments. where are long walks in parks, forests must consider that their fur is ideal for lifting leaves which means that must brush.
Havanezul has a very friendly temperament, and is unlike many other breeds a dog that seems to be balanced properly and jucarie.Are behavior towards children and to animals is rarely cranky and the emergence of new persons on its territory .is an intelligent and lively and will always require attention in November jiumbuslucuri to show that they do for you, the desire to be like.
Havanezul is a race-oriented living in this man, and a long-term separation from them does not make bine.De price and they are not working for people who travel a lot or des.Au tendency to accompany their owners everywhere, in every room of the house but without seeming possessive.
Unlike other dogs in the toy category, which are too delicate or too nervous to children, Havanese is distinguished by kindness and understanding towards them, playing with them and trying to please them.
Havanezul is often used to: various therapies that include this dog, the post of dogs that assist people with hearing difficulties, dog show, a role in detecting termites follow.
Training Havanese dog
Is a devoted and loving dog do anything to stay around its master. It is an active breed and does not like to be left alone and always wants to be the center of attention. What is nice is that this breed can be trained in house, but prefer a gentle workout. There are dogs that can be trained thoroughly, but can also be used in poultry surveillance.
This dog is sensitive to the intonation of voice, wishing to please the master and easily understand what is required. Therefore, training is not problematic. It has learned little and when to bark. Some of these dogs are used for circuses.
Havana dog possesses a sharp mind and intelligence. If you know how to be tackled it is open to knowledge and learning; will be able to retain and obedience training is about, as quickly as play tricks which retains and shows. If the training is conducted appropriately and consistently encouraged the dog will learn many tricks and manners will learn in a short time.
Be aware that this dog loves playing and does not take warning to clown if he believes it will attract good state owner. His lack of seriousness can create problems if a trainer very seriously and authoritarian.
Characteristics Havanese dog
A HAVANA be brushed at least twice a week. The coat should be brushed regularly to prevent nodes and incalcirii.
If the snow is removed in pieces of ice will catch on paws and may be rinsed with warm water. When dry wash and brush need to not remain knotted fur.
At an average temperature drying should be used as the hot can damage the skin.
The hair that grows on the bottom of the legs of the clutches of the paws should be clipped to allow traction on wet floors. Some may have dirty fur under the eyes because tears. This may be because food may be allergic to a food.
Excess hair can be due to tearing entering the eye. It is recommended that hair be cut under the eyes, not shaved. Havanezul is a noisy dog will alert its owners if approaching strangers. Some have strong attachment problems, a phenomenon known as "Velcro dog" house members are followers everywhere, even in the bathroom.
Health Havanese dog
Although at first glance it would seem that this breed suffers from a host of diseases, this will not happen if you buy a copy from a company with tradition that will provide a guarantee agreement or from a breeder skillful in raising this breed.
Clubs Havanese breed dogs, as is the Havanese Club Of America, have tried and tried continually to find solutions to eradicate these health problems. Despite these diseases, havaneza breed is generally considered healthy.
Ocular anomalies are common in this breed; cataracts, but also colobom rare cases of optic nerve, retinal atrophy, retinal dysplasia and dislocation, subluxation lens. To consider and if possible avoid this havanezul must receive until the age of 7 years, every year, eyes checked.
Congenital deafness in dogs can be acquired or inherited. External factors that can cause this disease are: intrauterine infections, ototoxic drugs such as gentamicin, liver disorders or other toxic exposures before or soon after birth.
Inherited deafness can be caused by a genetic defect that is autosomal dominant, recessive, or sexual relationships involving multiple genes. in the race Havanezilor were no reports of deafness unilateral and bilateral deafness less frequently. To keep under control this is advisable to periodically inspect ears and toilet regularly.
Patellar luxation may occur from the age of 1 year. Patella can jump from place be in a position medial or lateral.
Last enumerated disease that is common in Havanese is hip dysplasia. This disease can be genetic and may be identified by X-rays from the age of 2 years.
Duration of Havanese average age is 13-15 years.