Other names: Deutsche Dogge, German Mastiff, Great Dane, Great Dane dog
Called Great Dane (Great Dane) is an excellent companion, but due to its size, this dog requires an expanded space for living and work out. Great Dane dog is a remarkable, wonderful, splendid, magnificent. Powerful and elegant, race is often known as "giant Gentil".
Great Dane (Great Dane) is an ancient breed whose appearance it deoasebeste towards other members giant breeds, utilitarian, being known as "Apollo of all dogs". Like most breeds, the Great Dane is dubious history. The image of a dog very similar infatisarecu Great Dane today, is engraved on a Greek coin that dates back to 36 BC
It is believed that in 407 BC, the German Gaul and parts of Italy and Spain, have been invaded by the Alans (Asian population), who brought the dogs powerful. Eventually, Shepherd Irish and English bulldog were used to create this breed and the breed has gained popularity as an excellent hunting dog for wild boars.
The Great Dane is known by different names around the world. It is known as the German mastiff and Grand Danois, etc. Although there is little dispute regarding the origin of the Great Dane German, British chose to call him after the French name Grand Danois. In Germany in particular, where these magnificent animals able to prove bears and wild boars were highly prized, has started a breeding program.
The dogs were crossed with Greyhounds irlanderi obtained. Despite the fact that are called "Danish" in English, these dogs have no connection with Denmark. In 1885, the Club "The Great Dane" in England was founded, and until 1891, the club of the "Great Dane" in America is organized, it was recognized breed standard. Since then, the Great Dane breed has become well known worldwide.
American Kennel Club recognized the breed Great Dane as belonging to the class utility. Some of the qualities of this breed are taking all (detective dogs, hounds), dogs are watchdogs and transport (carriers) good.
The tradition recorded in the field Bullenbeisser old dogs (German "Muscatorul bulls"), in turn descended from dogs Saupacker call (in German "bison hunter"), names that suggest strong dogs, large and very large.
The first dogs alike describe the current standard using the name Great Dane ( "Grand Danois") is Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, Buffon in 1749. Earl was a famous French naturalist and included it in his Histoire Naturelle race. The drawings that accompany the work suggests somewhat current breed standard, without, however, very convincing. According dogs French naturalist strong, with English Mastiff breeds and varieties of dogs Irish Wolfhound were French Mastiff breed that contrast after development in different natural environments.
Some theories suggest that the English Mastiff breeds and Irishwolfhound have contributed to the formation of the current breed and anatomical similarities come in support. The Great Dane is somewhat Inappropriate name, even if, over time, large dogs in Denmark and subsequently Dogi Germans were and remain very popular. The constant efforts to improve the breed were made in Germany, where today are the most selective and best breeding lines.
German breeders were the ones who established the breed standard at the end of the nineteenth century, and the first club dedicated to the breed was founded in Germany in 1877 (in England in 1885 and in USA in 1889).
From hunting bison and bisons, massive and overflowing with ferocity, they were always selected, while in northern Germany, more docile specimens and a slimmer and more elegant line of the body. Very popular in the German kingdoms in the 1800s, these dogs came to the attention of German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, German unitary state founder, who loved very much.
With his authority, he insisted in selective improvement of the breed by crossing with greyhounds Molosseri of Bavaria and large, yielding finally giant dog, calm and poised, elegant line and kept very proud today. FCI (Federation Internationale Chinollogique) recognized the breed as the Dane in 1937. Sometimes called Dänische Dogge even in Germany, this dog has remained known to the world as the Great Dane in space English and cultural influence in the records under the name Dane official canine.
2. Food Great Dane
Investing in case this race will always be directly proportional to its size. This animal life with dash noble, stately and elegant at the same time is a matter of funds, space and patience. Appreciating the corporeal kilogram per kilogram of food, this dog needs less food than any other medium sized dog or small size, and this due to the very slow digestion. But mention, however, of dogs that can reach 80 kilograms.
Chickens being Dane dog breed requires highest quality food with a balanced vitamin and mineral content and centered on meat and fat. By the age at which ends its physical development (1.5 years) Great Dane should receive a daily diet in 3-4 equal portions, then mandatory 2 times per day, per lifetime. If food gets all in a single serving, the risk dilation / gastric torsion is huge.
Even with repeated warnings of this kind from specialists, a leading cause of death recorded at Dane breed adult dogs is just dilatation / gastric torsion! Also related to the ritual meal, bear in mind that after dining, the dog must receive a mandatory bed rest 1-1.5 hours, regardless of your plans or state of mind.
Due to the special physical constitution (the trunk relatively compact, supported by very long legs and a long neck also) recommended Great Dane he is not feeding the low areas or at ground level. It is best to place the pot on a stable food placed at chest height animal. Ignoring this aspect contributes to considerable impairing digestion.
3. Description Great Dane
The appearance of the dog was always appreciated by lovers canine breeds. By simple appearance, the Great Dane displays a combination of attributes and exceptional qualities. On the one hand inspire strength and robustness, on the other hand suggests nobility, pride and elegance.
Giant dogs are probably the biggest holders of medium height and body length after Irish wolfhound breed dogs. The body is well proportioned, framed in a cut overall square shape, the muscles of the torso is good relief fiber elongated, similar to the Greyhound back is short, strong and straight, chest very deep chest high supported by long legs, strong and straight.
Tail of medium length, not very thick, tapering towards the top. This dog its tail position left when you are at rest and in note curved upward when alert or in action. The neck is long, muscular, without wrinkles or folds of skin present in excess, as the majority of which is related Mastiff. Large head, elongated, expressive, dry and rounded the ocular cavities.
The eyes are round, medium size, expressive and lively, any color (dark colors in shades of brown are the most common, but specimens blue harlequin and mantle may have blue eyes, or differentiate yourself from heterocromie).
Full dentition is very strong, very white and scissor bite. Lips are rich in excess hanging skin, as the Mastiff, is generally black truffle (copies can meet and red nose, but rarely). Ears are set high on the skull sides, hanging worn. Until two decades ago often call the cropping of ears, now prefer keeping their natural form. The coat consists of two layers, the upper one with short hair, straight, shiny and smooth.
Color: Black (total or lavalier white and white spots on paws), Blue (distinct color gray steel with reflex blue), Harlequin (white background pure marked with black spots of different sizes, irregularly), Fawn (brown-gold with black mask), brindle (CART-brindle striped black / brown to golden-brown background), Boston / Mantle (black background with white spots), Merle (dark gray background with black spots / brown, irregular). Talia: huge. Moult: moult seasons insignificant outside. Height: 75-90 cm (at the withers). Weight: 45-65 kg.
4. Behavior Great Dane
Although ancestry used as fighting dogs and hounds for large animals and dangerous (stag, bison, bears, boars) breed dogs Dane (Great Dane, as they prefer to be called in the space of influence Anglo -saxona) began to be selected for setting standard criteria opposing background breed's ancestors.
Because they were very popular in the German states at the end of the eighteenth century and early nineteenth century the favorite in the role of pets (occasionally only and hounds), breeders have selected in order to stabilize the breed only those copies behavior balanced, calm, sociable and docile.
If we talk about the Great Dane standard, we consider this very good temperament kept in balance, dominated by gentleness and permissiveness, with slow and calm reaction. Generic is a dog that does not bark prefer that their actions cumpaneste well.
Gets along well with other animals, it is affectionate and loyal, giving proof of patience and in relation to young children. Wary of strangers, accept immediate family friends, guided by master reaction.
Due dash impressive and well tempered force, are excellent in the role of watchdog and protection. It is said that the house where watching a Dane can penetrate a criminal, but it will not be able to go out.
Of course, these giant dogs should not be challenged or taken by surprise, because their strength put into action could be dangerous. Dogs are a single owner and unreserved affection they share with the family leader, whom remain loyal to the death.
A Dane adult abandoned by his owner will never be the same. About temperament these dogs were large and strong had many contradictory discussions since 80s-90s of the last century.
Thus, they floated the idea arguing for an unprovoked aggressiveness that can give proof of these giants. Not totally unsupported, these opinions were born after the events occurred in the '70s, when race became so popular that everybody wanted a German Dog regardless of origin.
Such crossings were made faulty and irresponsible, with influences from the Mastiff, Cane Corso times, obtaining copies and proliferandu the unstable impure placed outside the breed standard.
5. Training Great Dane
For now this dog is used almost exclusively in the role of the pet and for activities bodyguard, it lends itself to exercise training of submission and obedience guard, in addition to training cohabitation, mandatory for any animal who lives in the house, besides people.
It is an intelligent and obedient, disciplined and with a boundless trust master. Learn quite quickly and very thoroughly controls and movements of dressage, is credited with very good memories.
They say it's a kind of "canine breeds elephant", alluding to the unanimous opinion of zoologists such as elephant has an infallible memory that accompanies throughout its long life. A Dane which was attended by a family friend at a time, it will recognize and will treat it with sympathy after years of separation.
Although it is an athletic dog and a very good runner, will not excel in exercises contributed or clamping disc (freesbie), because nature is static even more contemplative.  Great Dane has a balanced temperament, friendly, so you Resus him relatively easily with a dressage educated docile appropriate. Some specimens may be slightly difficult to train.
Unfortunately, due to poor education and weak dressage, Great Dane has gained a reputation for having a temper irritable, cranky. With proper socialization and antermanent, Great Dane can succeed in training specific groups.
Due to his waist huge Great Dane must be fully trained cat is still young to be malleable and easy to control when it is adult.  This dog dreseaza easy because it is intelligent and understands very easily. You must not use violence or coercion, but a calm voice, gentle, friendly, that will determine everything wants to execute lord. The training must be consistent and have learned not to shoot when little went leash.
6. Characteristics Great Dane
The Great Dane is a dog with short hair, soft and often needing to be brushed with a brush bristles to keep them shiny robe. Bathing this giant is a hard task, unpleasant can be replaced through proper care, daily.
Fingernails must be kept clean and tidy (cleaned, trimmed, etc.). Great Dane sheds moderate and not excessive.
Great Dane does not require special care. At the time these dogs have hips radiographs (the hip joints, femoral) because Great Danish hips are prone to problems.
By the age of one year are likely fractures due to bone fragility juvenile. There are dogs that require a lot of movement and at least one long walk per day.
7. Health Great Dane
Torsion (dilation) is a disease gastric sudden life threatening dog associated filling its stomach with air and twist. Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in pain, lameness and arthritis in a row.
Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not work properly. In the absence of sufficient amounts of thyroid hormones, illness can occur. Cataracts cause a loss of the normal transparency of the lens. The problem can occur in one or both eyes and can lead to vision loss over time.
Entropion is a condition in which the eyelid inward rolling of the edge off them. Genes on the edge of the eyelid irritate the surface of the eyeball, which can lead to more serious problems.
Glaucoma is a serious and painful condition that causes increased intraocular pressure. Can lead to blindness if not treated on time. Osteosarcoma is a cancer of the bone.
Chronic mitral valve is a progressive deterioration of heart valves, which can lead to noise superimposed heart and heart failure. Megaesofagul is an abnormal dilation of the esophagus. The cause is often unknown, often regurgitates food and the animals affected can develop aspiration pneumonia.
In addition, Great Danish are prone to deafness, acne lesions and some tail bone diseases, including hypertrophic osteodystrophy, cervical vertebral instability, elbow dysplasia and osteochondrosis.
Life expectancy at Great Dane (Great Dane) is 9-10 years, although some can live up to 12-13 years.