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German shepherd

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1. Origin

Come from Germany, as their name implies, the breed was created by Captain Max von Stephanitz in the late twentieth century who wanted to create a good working dog at all. German Shepherd is an adaptation of German Shepherd dog Mountain.

After World War I, British and American soldiers, impressed by the many qualities of German Shepherd dogs, brought home some copies. Three regions in Germany have become famous for raising this breed: Württemberg and Bavaria Thurginia.

After the Second World War the breed's popularity declined because of her association with Hitler and his regime of terror. In these post-war years the British renamed this dog Alsatian and Alsatian Wolf Dog subsequently, to erase the stigma of having the German word in the name.

2. Food German shepherd

The food is typical carnivore, rations will be determined according to the daily activity. In this respect it is necessary to mention that the species recovers household garbage or food with high content in cellulose. Food used are plant and animal.

Among those of animal origin: beef, chicken, goose, chicken, mutton and lamb (in quantities not large), less pork (it is recommended however that added to food for dogs with hard labor, or guarding low temperature environments, in small quantities and under medical supervision); Slaughterhouse by-products, organs, bones powdered milk and derivatives, eggs, animal fats except pork rind, which is prohibited because the liver can cause allergies and ultimately serious injury.

Meat, fish can be given boned. The venison is accepted German Shepherd nutrition. Vegetable food: rice, bread, pasta, cereal flour, wheat, pearl barley, carrots, potatoes, sugar, lettuce, spinach, green beans, celery, scallions, vegetable oils.

It may include pasta or chips, canned meats although not specifically recommended. Not recommended for dry beans, cabbage and cauliflower and potato will be given without constituting a basic component. Occasionally your dog can eat fruit, apples, pears, plums, grapes, apricots, it can successfully add to boiling food, but not in large amounts.

It is preferable that food be thoroughly cooked managed to reach the stage of porridge and normal rations contain both meat products, cereals, vegetables, milk, eggs and sometimes fruit. Sugars and products should be administered with caution zaharose causing tooth decay and obesity.

Food can be administered in two portions, morning and evening, morning administering is 60% of the total. Feeding females alaptaza will be done in three portions enriching the diet in minerals and vitamins.

3. Description German shepherd

The head is wedge-shaped, properly size (length app. 40% of the height at withers) without being coarse or overly long, appear dry, between the ears moderately wide, forehead seen from the front and side, only no or little curved and slightly visible median convolution.

The length ratio of skull to face is 50% to 50%. Body width approximately equals skull length thereof. The upper part of the head (seen from above) leading from the ear to the nose, narrowing uniform with a slanted stop not very marked. Upper and lower jaws are strong. The septum is straight, a concavity or convexity are undesirable. Lips are taut, well they are dark.

Nose (nose) must be black. Teeth should be strong, healthy and complete (42 teeth as per formula). The German Shepherd has a scissor bite, meaning incisors must occur in the form of scissors (upper incisors pass over forfecandu the lower incisors). Pincer bite, undershot mouth or down are faulty and large interdental spaces. Faulty dental arch is also a right incisors.

The jaw bones must be developed so that the teeth to be implanted deep in the jaw. The eyes are medium sized, almond shaped, slightly oblique and not protruding. Eye color should be closed as much as possible. Light colored eyes, prick are undesirable because change exresia dog. German Shepherd Dog has erect ears monkey middle ear, held parallel (not diverted sideways).

They are sharp and flags pointing straight forward. Tipped ears or ears are faulty. Back ears during movement respectively at rest are not faulty.

The neck should be strong, well muscled and without dewlap. Torso angle (horizontal) is approx. 45.

The top line extends from the neck over the withers with well-formed and very little left over back to the horizontal, a slight downward to croup, without visible interruption. The back is firm, strong and well muscled.

The balance is broad, strong and well muscled. The croup should be long and slightly left (approx. 23 to the horizontal) and pass without an interruption of the topline, the base of the tail. Pieptu should be about 45% to 48% of the height at withers. Ribs should have a mean curvature.

Thorax ribs too curved (as barrel) is as faulty as flat ribs and chest. The tail reaches at least to the hocks, but not longer than its half. At the bottom it has longer hair and worn curved smoothly.

The agitation movement is hanging above it, but no longer than the horizontal. Surgical corrections are forbidden. Forelegs are straight viewed from any direction, viewed from the front and perfectly parallel.

Scapula and arm are the same length and attached to the trunk through strong muscles. The angle between the shoulder blade and arm is 90. Ideally, usually up to 110. The elbows are not allowed to have deviations outside or inside or when standing, nor moving. Forearms are seen from all directions, straight and perfectly parallel to each other, dry and well muscled.

The pastern has a length of approximately 1/3 of the forearm and forms with it an angle of 20-22. Both a too sloping pastern (more than 22), and one little inclined (less than 20) affect usability, especially endurance.

The feet are rounded, well closed and curved soles are hard but not brittle. Claws are strong and dark. Hind hind legs is slightly backward position, that is, seen from behind, parallel to each other.

The femur and tibia are approximately equal length and form an angle of about 120. The thighs are strong and well muscled. Heels are strong and stable, the hock is perpendicularly under the heel.

The paws are closed, slightly arched, pads hard and dark, strong jaws, arched, and also dark. The skin is detached without form but cute. Males should have two normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum obvious.

Hair: Proper coverage is Geman Shepherds seem coarse hair with undercoat. The hair on the cover must be dense, coarse, straight and attached to the body. On the head, including inside the ears, on the front limbs, paws and fingers hair is short, neck slightly longer and more often. On the back of the limbs hair lengthens until the pastern or hock. On the back of the thighs the hair forms moderate trousers.

Colors: black with patches of reddish - brown, brown, yellow to gray. Thus, black German shepherd can be merged or closed gray gradients. Small white spots, less visible on his chest, like the interior parts are permissible but not desirable.

Regardless of hair color, the nose should be black. Lack mask, eyes open, stingy, like open spots or whitish chest and internal parts, claws open and red tail tip are considered defective pigmentation. The undercoat shows a slight gray shade. The color white is inadmissible.

4. Behavior German shepherd

Personality is distinct breed, being confident and strong both in behavior and in appearance. Well educated will develop strong feelings of loyalty and obedience neconditinata, and can be trained to attack and release on command intruder.

If a German Shepherd dog is violent or aggressive, it is the result of wrong dressage and lack of control over the dog's owner. They are often used as guard dogs, attack and police, which contributes to the misperception that it would be a dangerous breed.

Some specimens simultaneously works as team members search for victims and as pets. It is impossible to play back the words loyalty that proves this race and how hard they establish emotional connection with their owners.

Trauma they feel if they are separated from them is one of the reasons that today are used less in the role of guide dog of the blind, because in order to fulfill this role must be trained by the state of dog by another person who divorce when they learned how to make life easier for the blind, becoming their new masters.

Have an overflowing energy and were bred to have natural drive protection and obedience, impressive master balanced by nature, the power of work and sharp intellect. Wolf Dog breed puppies pets can be delightful, but will be unhappy if you do not get daily exercise and if users are assigned a task. These working dogs are happiest if they work dovededi that may otherwise possess destructive tendencies.

Are extremely dedicated to their work, are excellent watchdogs, police working in the detection of narcotics, explosives and cadavers are part of teams of search and rescue of victims. It is also an effective therapy dog ​​and you will find as guide dog for the blind.

Despite their suitability for all these jobs demanding German Shepherd breed dogs can also be pets only loyal and very loving. She loves the company of people and other animals, are extremely obedient and trainable. Behave particularly well with children and other pets tolerate. Not bear to be left alone for long periods of time, so it is essential to constantly interact with their families.

German Shepherd dogs embodies the qualities of working dogs that have the instinct to feed your flocks, their beauty lies in skills work: muscles, bones, joints well developed, appearance and proud demeanor, intelligence, endurance.

They are so popular and how much they are used in police due to adaptability, labor power, high waist and general appearance that commands respect.

German shepherd puppies were created to pastors, although not so keen visual sense that the breed herding border collies and other breeds. They are trained to follow their instinct, which for this breed to patrol all day signifies a certain territory and to restrict pets shepherd abroad that area.

It is the instinct that made gorgeous German Shepherd dogs guard dogs that herd potejeaza any cost, representing their family. The same instinct makes shepherding of German Shepherd dogs to nip supraveheze carefully or even family members when they are away from the home area.

May attempt to drive their masters at what they perceive as the correct location, going so far as to take them easily between teeth hand to get their attention and direct them to a safe location. With some training this trend can turn into scam known - a man walks.

Wolf Pups Dog know no fear and are extremely eager to please its master, especially if it has become really in front of them. They will fight to the last breath for their master's life and are strong enough to have a good chance to win the battle.

They are aloof with strangers and lasts until November get to know people well enough to let your guard down. Wolf dog is incredibly alert, does not get rid of anything that is happening around him, so is the perfect choice if an excellent guard dog is for you.

German Shepherd is one of the smartest and most trainable. The training must begin at an early age and is required to be performed strongly at first, but patient and positive to praise his efforts. They're so clever love mental challenges, so they can be trained to do almost anything, as demonstrated by the many tasks they have accomplished over the years.

5. Training German shepherd

When we talk about race, we must consider that we are dealing with number one worldwide in terms of capacity to be trained, so if you want a less active breed, the choice is all wrong.

Even if the German Shepherd is not always the first competitions of dressage, whatsoever they may be, the fact is one thing: a young German shepherd who comes from parents properly selected will have a balanced character and can easily promote exams thing, whether it comes from a line of "beauty" or a line of work.

In other words, the biggest gain of the system selection stiff, "with blinders" of the German is the "apple does not fall far from the tree", unlike other breeds, where parents champions at work can the product resulting from the shot frightened or have serious deficiencies of character: terror or heightened aggression.

Therefore, when choosing a German shepherd, we must consider that we chose to be professionals in training and we should not settle for a simple companion dog because it would be tantamount to driving a Ferrari with 30 km / h ...

Training should begin with patience, without haste, because "the falling drop by drop are the great flood" ... Who rushes will always get mediocre results. Thanks to special anatomical conformation conformation radical compared to other races, is totally contraindicated physically to force a German shepherd puppies until they hit a year when the skeleton is largely formed.

This does not mean that training should be started after one year, but only a young German shepherd must be trained to measure, without long distances too long without jump high fences in childhood. After growing, fragile baby will become a formidable athlete, capable of covering endless in a trap easily stretched or jump a fence 2.5 meters high.

We must not forget that the German Shepherd is best taken in pieces to any of the samples: follow discipline, attack, but is unsurpassed when we think of their summing up. In other words, preserving unspoiled nature means a full training breed of dog.

Although originally was used only after the dog herd, The Use of race began to diversify, currently German Shepherd being used successfully in working exams (IPO or ring), the police in rescue actions (dog for disasters), acting as a mountain rescue guide for blind or drug detected. Before starting the actual training it is essential to understand the role of stimuli (food or moving object), without which a top result is unthinkable, dressage era "driver" is long gone.

Even if at first stimulus "food" seems to be more effective because a chicken works more like a digestive, ongoing need for play increases, which brings prevailed huge for all owners who have enough patience for development puppy passion for moving objects (ball lace).

Passion for the ball is also the first step made for acquiring the command "contribution" order without which there is no conceivable examination between working at present as there input on the ground over the obstacle and over the palisade, totaling enough sample points so discipline can not be promoted without them.

German shepherd puppy training begins with the "A" - after, aimed at developing of native chicken by drawing a trace of meat or continue (meat juice) or using our small pieces sprinkled along the way. Always in the end, there is a larger piece of meat, which serves as a reward. From mechanical correction is totally contraindicated, the dog must undergo maximum pleasure ago.

Section "C" - appeals not begin until after the dog knows the basics of discipline (walking leg, the command "leave"). Currently, the attack is viewed, for Exams working as a sporty appeal, the dog must always be easy to control, and quitting the Sleeve is essential for passing the order. In order to ease the work later, the baby is very useful to learn to wax objects by barking.

"Routine" attack consists reflex that we create the dog to bite that only "crime" that moves. After it stopped, the dog must leave the outlet, supravegheandu it carefully by barking and challenging him to move again. Exercise sleeve ends by offering as a reward. Before the first exam IPO-type thing ( "Working international patent"), there is a forerunner exam: BH ( "companion dog"), which, besides the discipline, contains a test of socialization. Therefore, it is important to learn the baby from an early age with the environment, the noise, the congestion with other dogs.

In principle, the German Shepherd is not excessively aggressive with other males, but it is still useful to supervise the conduct small. Pleasure to track moving objects should not force your dog to be aggressive toward bicycles, skaters and children fleeing.

Also from an early age, the baby must be accustomed to a variety of transportation: tram, train, boat lift, plane, car, etc. Can a dog competition was varied carols and remote places, so transport play an important role in his life.

Although it may seem fragile during development because of a very closed conformations anatomical angulation at maturity German Shepherd utility becomes a true champion he is today with good results in all sports canine.

6. Characteristics German shepherd

Puppies German Shepherd Dog and Wolf are called and are extremely intelligent, agile and suitable for environments requiring them to work and be active.

Roul that was created originally for this race was his to pastor sheep, cattle or other animals that would have required the assistance of a pastor, hence the name of Shepherd.

Other features are not really, as it is known is a nearly perfect dog if trained properly can be considered an additional person.

7. Health German shepherd

Infectious diseases: brucellosis, leptospirosis, salmonellosis, newborn sepsis, tuberculosis, tetanus;

Virus diseases: distemper, rabies, Aujeszky's disease, contagious hepatitis, parvovirus, gastroenteritis viral herpes virus, virozele lung.

Parasitic diseases: cestodosis, nematodosis, arachnoentomoze, scabies, ticks parasitism, parazitimsul flea cutaneous mycoses.

Medical illnesses: digestive, respiratory, urinary, neurological disorders, skin diseases, nutritional diseases, bone fractures, wounds, trauma, burns.

8. Pictures German shepherd

9. Other dog breeds

10. Bibliography

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