Fox Terrier dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: England
- Group: Terrier
- Weight: 7 - 10 kg
- Height: 35-40 cm
- Colors: white, tricolor, white-brown, black and white
- Training: Medium
- Grooming: easy to groom
- Health: generally healthy
- Litter size: 4 - 6 puppies
- Lifespan: 13 - 15 years
- Other names: Fox Terrier Smooth Coat, Smooth terrier, Wire terrier dog, Wirehaired Fox Terrier, Wire Fox Terrier Coat
Fox Terrier history that the race is tied to the British Isles. During the Roman occupation there since reports of small dogs used by locals to hunt, especially in animals burrow. These dogs were designed to discover burrows rabbits, badgers, foxes, etc. and arouse the animals or to dig in search of them.
Special gift to act in close and in depth earth earned them the name of terriers. The first copies signaling the modern breed characteristics were described at the end of the sixteenth century and beginning of the eighteenth century, noting that all flaunted black and tan shades (black with brownish-red combination) and had wiry hair.
White Terrier first mentions about which there is official and even a painting made by Sawrey Gilpin was called Pitch and belonged to a certain Colonel Thomas Thornton (1790). According annotations regarding this item, there is the theory that led to the development of all terriers OF THE whites in England.
At the beginning of the twentieth century experts have opined that pitch, otherwise known as the initiator of a new breed, was obtained after crossbreeding of copies of English Terrier and Greyhound Greyhound white. Do not know many details about the work of breeders who have dedicated their work to obtain breed Fox Terrier along the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, but experts listed among the breeds genetic contribution: Beagle, Old English Bulldog, English Toy Terrier, Pointer and even Dalmatian.
The fact is that in 1870 there was already drafted a breed standard, there are several names mentioned dogs allowed stabilization and subsequent development of the breed. "The ancestors of modern" were called Trap and Tartar (Fox Terrier smooth hair) and Old Jock for those with wiry hair. All were males. Among females known that early period is cited puppy Grove Nettle. These dogs were energetic and alert grouped in packs and used mainly for hunting foxes, a traditional competition in the UK.
In time, as successive selections have increased waist standardized breed these dogs have become unsuitable for hunting foxes at den (no more room on the gallery) and their use for this purpose has entered a pronounced decline. Founded the first club dedicated to the breed were made in England in 1876 and in America nine years later. The Fox Terrier Club of England was the first club dedicated to a specialized canine breeds which affiliated to the AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1885. The twentieth century was the start for clear differentiation between the two varieties - one with smooth hair and the hair wiry.
Perhaps strictly aesthetic reasons, Fox Terrier breed dogs with wiry hair have achieved outstanding results in many more shows on beauty than their relatives with smooth hair. The breed was declared recently in the UK that race vulnerable (endangered), which signals the races with less than 300 annual records. Thus, the situation in 2010 was not promising, registering only 153 Fox Terrier dogs account records smooth haired girl 693 recordings for Fox Terrier dogs of variety with wiry hair.
Food Fox Terrier
Of all fruits specific to the temperate continental, so accessible and affordable, apples are best. It will add to the food ration races or chopped, where Fox Terrier, cuts will be small. Keep the skin of the fruit, do not dismiss it because she does not pulp is the main repository of vitamins.
Potato diet is not indicated in a Fox Terrier as it digests very difficult because of the very high starch content and because the produce unwanted fermentation in the large intestine. Carrots are welcome, their content in carotene is beneficial for ocular health system also contain vitamins useful. Will receive raw, grated grated fine, toss with pasta or boiled.
Cabbage and cauliflower are not recommended for Fox Terrier them and, in fact, there are few breeds that have adapted to these vegetables (usually breeds originating or developed countries in northwest Europe, as are dogs Mallinois race, in Belgium, for example). Lettuce, well washed, chopped can manage well in pasta with carrots, constituting an important source of vitamins.
Oil and margarine (butter when not included in the menu of pecuniary considerations) are needed to complete ration in terms of fat, which has a crucial role energy. Remaining in the same spectrum, know that sugar is a food that, par excellence, provides energy and is recommended in reasonable quantities (so do not overdo it), especially after sessions in which energicii Fox Terrier dogs have made a strong effort.
Unfortunately, many owners tend to abuse this exact product stage when the dog reaches old age and, therefore, becomes more sedentary. In this case, sugar promotes fat accumulation, leading to diseases such as atherosclerosis, diabetes etc.
The same happens in case of abuse of sweet, even if we refer to crackers or croquettes specially designed for dogs. Carefully study product labels and check the specifications on sugar levels. Needless to say that was not the case used to be spoiled little Fox Terrier with cakes and pastries for human consumption with high sugar content. The gesture will like affectionate, but, in fact, will have unpleasant repercussions over time.
Chocolate is totally contraindicated because, besides a very high amount of sugars contain toxic substances and stimulants that produce nervous dog, and dogs in growth is a cause of rickets Favoring (osteo-articular disease specific canine youth).
Eating dogs is a very complex issue, because it is not just survival, but also physical and mental development of all faculties in the best conditions. To achieve a rational feeding must take into account the energy needs of the animal expressed in calories per kilogram liveweight and qualitative needs as it relates to food composition in nutrients: proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, minerals and vitamins.
We mention that the number of calories per kilogram of body weight is inversely proportional to the size of the animal. For example, a 1 kg dog breed Chihuahua as appropriate, needs to 230 calories / kg, while a dog 7 kg as a Fox Terrier calorie needs of 185-190 / kg.
The three elements that substantiates nutrition - protein, carbohydrates and lipids - compete in ensuring energy needs expressed in calories, with strict observance of certain proportions condition. Thus, in principle, 100 calories is done in the following way: 12 of carbohydrates (in the case of larger efforts can double or even triple) 10-20 50-70 lipids and protein. In winter, a dog who spends more time outdoors will receive food rations in a greater amount of lipids.
Mineral salts is an extremely important component of the feed ration. A well-made ration must cover all the minerals the body needs. Phosphorus and calcium have to find a balance balance phosphocalcic called calcium / phosphorous = 1 / 1.2
Description Fox Terrier
Fox Terrier is a medium-small dog, very active, quick reactions, friendly and very brave in attitude. The head is oblong, slightly oblique eyes brown, black truffle and ears flared out in front with cutout in "V".
The body has a square-shaped cutout with strong bones, legs medium length suggests an animal predisposed to prolonged effort, back straight, slightly tilted. The neck is long and muscular, smooth. Position feet on the ground is "suspended", seemingly always ready for action and suggesting the allure of a dancer sitting on the peaks.
The abdomen is sucked and muscular, athletic complete the image of this dog compact and vigorous. The tail is usually shortens (3/4), but not very short, and is held erect, as a sign of permanent alert. The coat is presented in two varieties, the thread as well attached to the body and are cut short or curly, medium length, rough and compact, housing a very dense lower layer of fluff that does not allow skin exposure. Fox Terrier wire-haired horses have hair on muzzle rich and voluminous, forming a "beard" feature.
Behavior Fox Terrier
By its nature, the dog Fox Terrier (regardless of the variety of which we speak) proves an animal friendly, loyal and affectionate but poignant display their individuality with good traits emphasized. All experts agree that race shows a higher intelligence, but it is not placed each time in service of the most laudable intentions, because another feature undeniable Fox Terrier (as for most dogs Terriers, in fact) is stubborn fierce.
Despite an impressive all sizes are brave volunteers and are very protective when they feel distressed owners or exposed to hazards. They get along well with children and enjoys around them because he perceived as tireless playmates. Can be excellent guardians of the home and the ideal companion dog role, provided to pay attention to constant and trained them generously games and long walks.
They need early socialization that tend to be dominant animals around them passionately hunt cats and small rodents you any notice. They love to dig and can be a nuisance for gardens demanding fine-tuned.
They are very athletic and can overcome seemingly insurmountable obstacles with ease and grace flashed climbing abilities. Can adapt well in the shelter if they live outside the yard, especially the variety wire-haired dogs. Vocalizes more, they have a very sonorous voice.
Training Fox Terrier
It is better to set some realistic goals from the outset to achieve through training and they take less of your particular preferences and to be correlated with the temperament and personality of the dog. From the start we say that greets you with a remarkable self Fox Terrier problems with orders "PAS" (going to step on a leash, the dog's head to your left knee), "down" or "WAIT". These acquired skills will be harder because Fox Terrier is by nature a dynamic animal, alert, anxious to interact with the environment and open to challenges.
Of course, Fox Terrier show a lot of patience when you start digging a hole which it perceives as a gallery of a rodent trying to escape, or when "mestereste" a trench under the fence that separates the environment unknown and exciting surrounding courtyard so familiar and where they come from all kinds of noises and smells. So talk of another kind of patience, the patience with which this small but very lively dog conceive to put his plans into practice.
Walking dogs on a leash with this cute yet have learned and accepted eventually, because of their small size and native curiosity can pull them out of range of your observation / intervention / reaction, exposing them thus hazards. In addition, we must not forget the accents of nature dominance and arrogance that they will demonstrate the first contact with other dogs, especially if you own a Fox Terrier male. Command "sit" is again important as "Sit" and about them will have to insist that sensitive construction are important pieces in the ratio of dominance that is established between you. These commands have learned quite well for as long as you are firm (but not brutal!), Pushy and used clever system of rewards.
These dogs have two "weaknesses" easily exploited by a versatile master who has mastered the art of manipulation (and owner of a Fox Terrier standard should approach this "picture"). First, they are affectionate and will always thank their partners, identify them satisfaction and enjoy the benefits which derive from it (caressing voice cheerful and friendly, delicious snacks). Secondly, do not resist "Chinese drop" even if some notorious stubborn (often).
In other words, implacable repetition of one and the same exercise to having adopted a reaction resistance and ignorance initial leads them quite easy to exasperation, such as "lost" and you will eventually run properly. But attention, these smart balls must recognize in you being stubborn than prove themselves. When they notice signs of renunciation and hesitation they will make their entrances idea that their refusal may be accepted as "moods" can be forgiven without problems.
If these dogs athletic and sports a clear tint will be easy, however, to put into practice the various commands used in games and agility exercises. Commands like "up" (to climb on different surfaces high) "HOP" (jumping height or overcoming obstacles), "CONTRIBUTION" (for recovery of discarded objects, especially balls), "rolled" ( for turning ventral, from the "down") etc. will be some "magnets" for these dwarfs irresistible put on tricks. Your relationship can be used for commands practiced what words you want, as long as they keep it simple and not confusing (not to be part of common parlance, to intervene so often in conversation and arouse ambiguous situations).
Another set of commands and exercises in which these dogs is very well suited for hunting is part of the training. Fox terriers were created for hunting and this was their favorite occupation and instincts have not lost in the years when the role of companion dogs prevailed. Even today, in Western Europe, these dogs are used by many masters to hunt fox in pursuit / harassment boars, or intake of water (hunting waders), highlighting it in this Fox terriers with smooth hair.
Characteristics Fox TerrierDog's coat with straight hair needs brushing staptamanal. Fur dog with wiry hair should be brushed several times a week and sent 2-3 times a year. Also beard and mustache should be combed daily to not get tangled.
These breeds are doing much better outdoors, with more space for movement, with a master active, sporty type. Difficult to accommodate an apartment.
It is one of the best dogs burrow, nicknamed "Attila the mice." Track and destroy all rodents, foxes, badgers. Wait to dig even an hour over a meter deep pit to give the animal and remove hidden lair outside. It is also used to hunt large animals such as boar, bears, deer that they attack with a lot of courage, even anger. It is a good watchdog and a cheerful and lively companion.
Health Fox Terrier
Fox terriers are credited with enviable health. Few diseases have a serious incidence among the breed. These dogs have a life expectancy of good and, according to research undertaken by prestigious institution The Kennel Club, the percentage of specimens recorded who died from old age and not diseases or accidents is very good (over 30% with an average age 13 years and 2 months).
However, that race Fox Terrier has benefited from more than a century of very careful monitoring and excellent assistance in selection and improvement specialists identify some health threats that occur throughout life, some of them apparently inherited in the race. Thus, the disease most commonly observed in specimens Fox Terrier breed are myasthenia, megaesofagul idiopathic cataract, glaucoma and cancer (particularly lymphosarcoma and hemangiosarcoma).
Myasthenia gravis - sometimes called "disease" invisible ", is a chronic neuromuscular which is manifested by severe fatigue to the repetition of certain movements and weakness of voluntary muscles of the body, the very term" myasthenia gravis "means" muscle weakness Severe " . If myasthenia it is a defect in nerve impulse transmission from nerve to muscle fiber, which makes the muscles to lose tone and strength to unable to perform movements.
Is an autoimmune disease characterized by the fact that the body produces antibodies that do not fulfill their fundamental role, as "deviants" and reaching to attack normal body structures that you do not recognize, portraying them as invaders; in the case of MG antibodies against the abnormal proteins are produced at the junction between nerve and muscle - called receptors, such are blocked. It is no longer transmitted nerve impulses to muscles and they no longer contract.
Feature of myasthenia gravis is weakness progressive muscle volunteers and affects different muscles, in different degrees, by one or more at a time, hence the wide variability of symptoms from case to case but for the dog affected from time to time. Weakness worsen repeating movements and get better still. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (Mestinon, Kalimin, prostigmine) and immunomodulatory therapy (Prednisolone, azathioprine, intravenous immunoglobulin, cyclosporine, cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate, Rituximab) therapy represents pillars MG.
Megaesofagul idiopathic - a dilation of the esophagus is caused by a disruption of rhythm crimping / contraction in the lower segment, allowing stagnation of food in the esophagus and thus gradually train its upstream expansion. The cause of this is poorly documented. The symptoms manifested by difficulty swallowing, painful sensations of fullness and stomach by regurgitation recurrent spontaneous, producing weight loss over time.
Diagnosis is based on radiography, endoscopy and manometry digestive, allowing highlighting the digestive motility abnormalities. Treatment includes mainly two possibilities: dilated endoscopic pneumatic control (temporary introduction in the lower esophagus of a balloon inflated with air) or Heber's surgery (surgery that consists of incising the muscle layer of the esophagus to the mucosa).
Glaucoma - occurs when pressure inside the eyeball exceeds normal rates. The first signs of the disease can be seen around the age of 3 years. As high blood pressure can seriously affect the heart, so excessive pressure inside the eye and can lead to destruction of the internal structure of the eye. Retina (a vision essential structure located behind the eye) and optic nerve (the one that transmits visual signals to the brain) are the most sensitive to increased pressure.
The first signs of glaucoma that can be observed are: pain, dilated pupils, fog in the cornea and (or) blood vessel growth (in size) in the white portion of the eye. Affected eye may appear larger or may be out (pulled out) than the other. If you notice these signs, immediately take your dog to the Fox Terrier control for a physical examination. Most often, your veterinarian will initiate treatment immediately.
It is recommended that a veterinarian ophthalmologist, and treatment is a long one. It is very important for every type of glaucoma is different and only someone special with a lot of experience can make the correct decision about treatment. If treatment is delayed or not properly, your dog will probably Fox Terrier blind. Depending on the extent and stage of disease or drug treatment can only be mixed, matched by surgery.
Cataracts - refers to that phenomenon haze or loss of transparency of the eye lens, followed, in time, blindness. The disease can be limited to a small area of the lens or is likely to affect the whole structure of the eye. One of the implications of the disease is progressive retinal atrophy development (PRA) or glaucoma. At Fox Terrier dogs are found a higher incidence of juvenile cataracts - which installs disease in young dogs aged up to 4 years.
Lymphosarcoma - is a form of cancer with significant rate of incidence in different breeds of terrier and a sporadic presence on Fox Terrier breed dogs. Lymphosarcoma involving the lymph system and generally affects liver or spleen. Symptoms vary in relation invaded the body, but most often after the disease is detected in visible swelling of lymph nodes in the neck. Sometimes chemotherapy is well tolerated if the dog, give good results, but in general are reluctant forecasts about the chances of recovery.
Hemangiosarcomas - disease that can occur anywhere in the body, but primarily affects the spleen, liver, heart and skin. Hemangiosarcoma skin has a better prognosis and a better recovery rate than the internal forms. The internal form is usually diagnosed by the palpation of a large mass in the abdomen or symptoms of bleeding, which is due to tumor rupture fragile. Fox Terrier, a breed of lean and muscular abdomen can be observed early changes in the shape, for initiating procedures to investigate. Symptoms include weakness or fainting, pale mucous membranes.
Occasionally, dogs will have symptoms of chronic blood loss, which include pale gums, slow capillary refill, irregular heartbeat and generalized weakness. Hemangiosarcomas is primarily treated with surgery and chemotherapy. Surgical removal alone in most cases, not very rewarding. Due to high risk of metastasis average survival without chemotherapy is a maximum of two months. Surgical removal accompanying chemotherapy, the mean survival time increases by 5 to 7 months. On the other hand, 90% of these dogs will not survive more than a year after initial treatment. Success rates can improve depending on the location and early intervention time, in the early stages, prior metastasis.