Dobermann dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Germany
- Group: Working
- Weight: Males: 34-45 kg Females: 27-41 kg
- Height: Males: 66-72 cm Females: 61-68 cm
- Colors: black, brown, white, red, blue
- Training: Medium
- Grooming: easy to groom
- Temperament: alert, obedient, energetic, einfricat, intelligent
- Health: susceptible to colds
- Litter size: 6 - 10 puppies
- Lifespan: 11 - 13 years
- Other names: Doberman Pinscher, Dobe, Warlock Doberman, Doberman dog
Doberman guard dog is a native of Germany. The appearance of this breed is closely linked to the German Louis Dobermann who has proposed in the late 1800s to create the perfect watchdog.
With the support of a fellow, Otto Goeller, this goal was achieved in 1890, official year of developing the breed Dobermann. The breeds used in crossbreeding program and selection were controlled Rottweiler, smooth haired Pinscher, Beauceron (a sheepdog met in northern France), Great Dane and Manchester Terrier.
Also, there have been some improvements successive copies using Old German Shepherd Dog breed, Greyhound English and Weimaraner.
Doberman Pinscher named alternative, or simply Doberman, these dogs were obtained for the first time in the Land of Thuringia Apolda city. Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, "father of the breed" was the tax collector, a dangerous profession in that period that aroused resentment among citizens, some hesitating to give a concrete shape.
He therefore thought that a guard dog and protection imposing and able to intimidate potential attackers simply would be appropriate in this context. And proposed that the objective was to bring together in a medium-sized canine copy ideal combination of strength, loyalty, intelligence and ferocity.
His work has been perfected in time for Phillip Otto Goeller and Gruening. How different dog breeds were used at the crossings which allowed the Doberman's not known precisely. The only documented contributions to the creation of the breed are crossbreeding with English Greyhound and Manchester Terrier. Race official recognition came in 1900.
Underlying health, longevity and good physical shape of the dog is healthy eating and quality. Type of food must meet the individual needs of the body and vary depending on the lifecycle stage - the growing adult dog period of aging - physiological status and characteristics (physical inactivity, high load, load, etc.). Dry food is one of the indisputable advantages - its composition is balanced considering the age and physiological peculiarities of the dog, requires only a few minutes a day. Food is not bad in terms of storage, the package can be taken in case of a long journey.
We must know that all types of food fall into three categories - class super premium, premium class and economy class. The difference between them is not just price, but also in composition or quality.
Food in economy class is made of low-quality raw material - mainly derived by adding lower-quality grain and soybeans. if food with dry food in economy class in the animal there is a deficit of different vitamins and amino acids, which can lead to dysfunction of metabolism, digestion disorders, allergies and other health problems.
Consistency and ability to be assimilated food is not great, and so their consumption is greater than the types of premium and super premium. Eating "natural"
It has both its advantages and disadvantages. The main advantage lies in the indisputable value of nutrients that are found in natural products. The downside - take time, difficulty in balancing food. In rations dog really need to enter the following products:
Meat - main product dog food ingredient, source of protein with high nutritional value. dog food ingredient, which receives only natural food, it must be not less than 30% of the total volume of food.
The meat may be: beef (preferably), veal, lamb (not fat) except pork. The meat must necessarily be fresh, preferably cut into pieces (minced meat is not recommended because it absorbs more difficult).
For adult dog can be used and cooked meat derivatives - stomach, heart, liver, lungs. Bones is not a feed, but can be used in soups.
Starting two months, the puppy can receive large beef bone - train their puppy rozandu it cleans teeth and jaw muscles of scum, and of course a great pleasure to receive from the process. In any case do not give a hollow bones - chips derived from them can seriously injure the intestines. Cooked bones can lead to constipation.
Fish - valuable source of protein and minerals. Give oceanic fish raw, peeled and cut in advance of bone pieces (for puppies, adults can be given to the cup whole, complete with bones).
The fish can be given 1-2 times a week instead of meat (over weight portion must be of 1.5 - 2 times higher than that of meat because fish nutritional value is lower than that of meat) .
Bad fish is allowed only boiled (many freshwater fish are carriers of worms). Careful! Some types of ocean or freshwater fish contain an enzyme that destroys vitamin B1!
Eggs - a product with high nutritional value, but difficult to assimilate raw egg white, and contains a substance that destroys vitamin H - egg so it's better to be cooked or raw yolk only (in combination with other products). It is not recommended to be given more often 1-2 times a week.
Dairy - cheese, kefir, yogurt, etc. They are useful for jug of any age. The first place ranks cheese, calcium is the main source of easily digestible protein and valuable. Whole milk is better to be excluded from ration adult dogs - not assimilated into the body and cause stomach disorders.
Cereals - rice, oats must enter the dog's diet in small amounts. Bread - in small amounts in the form of dry bread, preferably rye or graham flour. Vegetables - carrots, cabbage pumpkin, zucchini and other vegetables are useful - it is grated or finely chopped figure may be combined with cream. Raw greens - parsley, lettuce, dill, green onion - rich in vitamins ..
Fruit - usually given in small quantities as dessert. If natural food, the ratio between the dog must necessarily vitamins and minerals separately .. Products not preferable in feeding cups flour (pasta, bread buns), potatoes (practically not absorbed in the body), peas, beans, sweets, salt or vinegar, sausages, tubular bones. in food do not add spices (pepper, bay leaf, etc.).
If you decide to move the dog from eating "natural" to dry food, do it gradually over 1-2 weeks.
Many dog owners use combined type of diet, food combining natural products industry, although industrial food manufacturers considered it inadmissible. Such a variant eating can be done in the following way: in the morning - dry food in the evening - meat with vegetables or cheese.
In this case the portion of dry food and the natural respectively) are reduced to half the norm. Combined type of diet may be applied only if you give your dog dry food quality. and check necessarily digestion in dogs!
Dogs with very elegant allure, giving the impression of innate nobility. The body is compact, well-balanced, muscular and robust express without seeming heavy. Dobermann dog is very strong for his size, back short, lean and muscular neck and long legs.
Topline slightly to train lower down. The coat layer is disposed on a safe, and consists of short threads, shiny, thick and very adherent to the body. The head is relatively large, conical and long snout with teeth very well developed.
Eyes dark (shades of brown) are away, slightly almond-shaped and very expressive. The ears are traditionally cupeaza. and tail cut short, usually in the 3rd day of life.
Without interventions, tail and ears are similar to those of cops in shape and size. This dog perfectly parallel limbs, walking or one elastic, uniform course with a very good coverage of the land.
Color: black, dark brown, blue or scarlet with rust spots above the eyes, muzzle, neck, legs, chest and under the tail; new color varieties are the brown spots lighter (variety Isabella) and blue with lighter spots.
There are guard dogs who need a permanent coordination and cooperation on the part of man. They give proof of vitality, a good energy, loyalty and evidence of outstanding agility. Dobermann is an intelligent, responds well to training and display a positive attitude, affirmative, proving to be subjected to and cooperating in front of a versed and experienced instructor.
These dogs are very determined and fearless when faced with a threat or a task. Possess a significant dose of ferocity but can be kept under strict control. There are so aggressive and dangerous as reputation, but must be taken into account. Females are often more stubborn and harder educated than males.
It is an innate watchdog, placed on a top position among the best breeds such skills is proving a loyal protector of the family and a good companion for active people who perform a varied program of sports training and exercise.
Can perform with good results as a result of dog can be used in programs with therapeutic role, is among the dog breeds used by police forces in specific service.
It is especially true family person. Have little socialized to get along with other animals in the household with other dogs.
As in all cases we are talking about large dogs, a Doberman is not indicated as to be left in the company of young children without close supervision. It is recommended for dogs experiments involving a master race, not qualifying people who have had dogs.
It shows an instinct to protect his master very powerful and do not need specific training to be qualified as guard dogs. Very effectively patrol the perimeter to ward off potential intruders without too much effort.
They excel in obedience training is, but it takes determination and positive incentive for getting the best results. Dobermann is often used as guide dogs for people with disabilities.
Should not exacerbated in any way aggressive impulses. It is not recommended to be left unattended in the presence of young children. It is dangerous to those strangers.
Must be protected in cold weather, because fur thin does not offer a sufficient thermal protection. the rest are outside dogs, they like to patrol a perimeter fence, they need movement and exercise. I need a contact as closely with family members, do not react well if they are isolated and ignored.
Also, as a feature specific breed Doberman tail is cut short at the age of 3 days. In some countries, such as England, ear cropping and tail docking is prohibited pin Doberman dogs law. Without interventions, tail and ears will increase as the Hounds.
Dobermann is an animal very sensitive to cold. The coat is easy to maintain and do not pose unusual care.
Diseases to which is most exposed: cardiac dilation, Wobbler's disease, alopecia, osteosarcoma and hip dysplasia.
Regular deworming is recommended to avoid inflammations and irritations that may arise.
The duration of life is less like other dogs: 11-13 years.