Other names: Carriage Dog, Spotted Dog Coach, Firehouse Dog, Plum Pudding Dog, Dal
It is represented by Croatia, Dalmatia province, region whose name it bears since the eighteenth century.
However there is no historical evidence that this breed existed in the Balkans before the early twentieth century, when they were brought here by the British.
Because of these inconsistencies there are various versions about the origin of the breed, one of these theories claim that some dogs alike were discovered in archaeological excavations that were from Greece, Rome and ancient Egypt.
Historical sources confirm the existence of these dogs, but it is not definite kinship with today's Dalmatian puppy.
Another version of the origin of Dalmatian puppies says the name of the breed comes from Dalmatia picture, painted in Florence in the fourteenth century by Andrea Bonaiuti, it is featured in a group of similar-looking dogs Dalamatians today, besides many monks.
These dogs could be found frequently in the company knows that the citizens of Rome and in the Vatican were popular in the sixteenth century. Some believe that their homeland is Rajistan land in India and that initially were hounds in the desert.
2. Food Dalmatian
Feed your puppy with good food, and food should be based on meat, protein 20% on average.
Usually eat 2 servings of food daily average.
Do not forget the chicken is mild, pork dogs being less recommended.
3. Description Dalmatian
Dalmatian puppies are medium sized, muscular body that betrays have great physical strength they have. Known for their elegance, they have body similar to the Pointer puppies that are related.
The nails are either white or have the same color as the spots. The coat is short, with thin hair and often arranged. The predominant color is white, with round spots, well defined, distributed evenly throughout the body, black or brown tones one.
Puppies are born completely white fur, Darla some US-born puppies can view the spots under the skin contours. The spots will become apparent after a week or more, will develop rapidly during the first weeks of life.
These spots continue to grow both in number and in size throughout life, but at a pace becoming slower as the dog gets older. Sometimes it shows dark patches on both ears, neck, head or tail.
4. Behavior Dalmatian
Dalmatian puppies as a result of their past diligence as dogs are very active and need a daily exercise to keep fit. High speed runners, endowed with physical strength and great self-confidence.
If they are given freedom to roam will make several day trips on their own, because loves to investigate everything around them. In today's urban environment it is unlikely to survive such escapades, so you should stop to undertake.
Energetic and playful nature turns them into excellent companions for children and have an instinctive affection for people, other Dalmatians and horses, because they have long been used as a post chaise and dogs.
These qualities make to children to be patient and not to respond violently to rough handling that sometimes they manifest. However it is imperative to be socialized with children still chicken, and also that children be taught is the right way of playing with a Dalmatian.
They are strong dogs that can easily injure an innocent child during a game.
Dalmatian puppies are particularly sensitive natures, never forget any form of ill-treatment and can not be trained through harsh methods. Their way of being playful require constant supervision when around young children, which they can unbalance or accidental injury.
Dalmatian breed dogs are very people oriented, they will feel very lonely if left alone, so be trained to accept the absence of its owner if it is a constant fact in their lives, to avoid destructive tendencies.
Like many intelligent dogs, they need constant mental stimulation, otherwise they will find an occupation with objects around them, especially those who wear scent master. A better option is to be provided as long as the company owner is missing.
Dalmatian breed dogs crave human company and will not tolerate being left alone in the backyard or basement. Dalmatian dogs are so famous and sharp intellect, spirit of independence and their survival instincts.
Have a good memory and does not forget too easily that come into contact with people throughout life, and have gentle natures and friendly. Being originally bred to defend carts and horses, dogs can become overly territorial if not trained properly.
They are extremely loyal to their owners and as a result will be particularly protective of their human families. Because of the close protection instinct, some specimens can be aggressive with other dogs if they have not been educated and socialized right from an early age.
Dalmatian puppies were bred to perform various tasks, from sheep grazing, hunting rodents or in packs, hunting intake, were never specialize in a particular field.
Their reputation as dogs diligence was born in England during the reign of Queen Victoria, being a fashion accessory of postalioanelor, attracting travelers through the eyes of grace and elegance with which ran alongside horse-drawn carts.
Meanwhile cainiii Dalmatian breed were useful for liberating the road in front of the carriage, the driver, helping him to control the horses. To fulfill these dogs can accomplish the task has a physical strength, speed and outstanding dexterity.
Particularly in the United States use of Dalmatian dogs as stewards of a valuable postalioanelor transferred to their presence alongside horse-drawn fire pumps.
Current Dalmatian dogs serve as mascots for the fire services, but centuries ago, back when firemen moved with carts, they rendered valuable services.
Dalmatians are very compatible and dogs so that the dogs were easily trained to run in front of fire pumps to help release the road and guide the horses quickly and firemen at fires.
Were part of the rescue of victims from burning buildings and such are known to be good watchdogs, it is believed that fire brigades were useful as watchdogs of premises and equipment.
Fire pumps were towed by horses fast and powerful, a real temptation for thieves, Dalmatians were those who pinned distance. Horses have disappeared since, but the dogs continued Dalmatian tradition and remained with firefighters and today, still representing their choice when they want a companion, in honor of the heroism they showed in the past.
5. Training Dalmatian
Dalmatian be accustomed to human presence since she is chicken. As Dras is the younger, the more it becomes obedient and submissive. In the absence of adequate training, the Dalmatian has a tendency to be shy or uptight.
Even if you have trained gradually, with determination and without exaggeration, harsh methods do not give good results. Rewards and patience are the key words of an effective training. Dalmatians excel in competitions-running or catching the ball, is extremely agile.
They need to be stimulated and mentally.
6. Characteristics Dalmatian
Dalmatians shed. Their hair short, white is easily observed on clothing or furniture. Brush your Dalmatian once or twice a week, make sure that dead hair is removed.
Dalmatians can have a crusty skin, dandruff occurring during the winter months when humidity is low.
Dalmatian ears are very thin, had a poor vascularization compared with the rest. For this reason, it may cause frostbite of the ears, if your pet is too much left out in frosty days.
7. Health Dalmatian
Dalmatian is a very old, many believe it was the first type of dog which oversaw man mating with the aim of promoting certain traits: initial appearance later strength, stamina and avoid spreading about the genetics of certain diseases.
The end result is a very strong and long-lived dog with a coat look impressive both by appearance and by grace and elegance. Dalmatian breed dogs do not suffer from common diseases other races such as hip dysplasia, the only conditions being encountered only linked to age.
One of the exceptions to this flourishing state of health is genetic predisposition to deafness, caused by the absence of pigment cells in the inner ear. It can affect one or both ears, being present in other races who share genetic predisposition toward a mild pigmentation, including: Border Collie, Boxer, Bull Terrier.
There is a specific test for testing this defect- this BAER test, the only one that can diagnose deafness unilateral, it can be applied starting from the fifth week of life. Research shows that specimens presenting colorful patches larger than usual spots are less likely to present deafness.
Dalmatians like humans and guinea pigs can suffer from hyperuricemia, which will result especially from male that passed the first decade of life from kidney stones, after ten years old males can take preventive medication or they will reduce intake calcium in the diet.
Owners should take care to limit the intake of purines, observe a healthy diet to ensure your dog a good health after a certain age.