Carpathian shepherd dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Romania
- Group: Sheepdogs and Cattle
- Weight: 32-45 kg
- Height: 60-75 cm
- Colors: white, gray, white, gray, black
- Training: relatively heavy, it is stubborn, dominant, independent
- Grooming: requires regular brushing
- Temperament: courageous, tenacious, determined
- Health: very resistant, without health problems
- Litter size: 5 - 10 puppies
- Lifespan: 12 - 15 years
- Other names: Romanian Carpathian Shepherd, Shepherd Romanian, Romanian Carpathian Shepherd, Shepherd Dog Carpathian Carpathian Sheepdog, Herder Romanian Carpathian, Carpathian Rumanian
Romanian Carpathian Shepherd dog alpine zone is selected from an endemic breed existence in space Carpato-Danubian.Nu can say much concerning the history of the breed, because the few historical data that we have received over time.
We all know that our ancestors were Gauls as vital occupation, shepherding. Hence the idea of the existence of a defender of these herds. It was a simple hypothesis until it was discovered in the archaeological site of Poiana Doicesti, Jud. Neamt, skeletons of new sheepdogs very similar in shape and size with Carpathian Shepherd today.
Rediscover the same type of sheepdog in the Middle Ages, the Medieval archaeological evidence of settlement and the Garvan Dinogetia Cetăţeni, jud. Arges. In the same sense we can mention the existence of a cup, dated 1600 depicting a bear hunt.
The beast is cornered by two dogs through waist by semi-long hair, head shape, how to wear the ears and tail, sending the actual Carpathian Shepherd. In 1905, the father of the German Shepherd Dog, conduct a study on all shepherd dogs from all over Europe, in the Carpathian existence of an independent breed wolf-like race that will be standardized much later as the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd.
In 1995 he founded the Foundation for Romanian Carpathian Shepherd "Watchmen" because in 1998 other race fans to join them in Romania, founding the first club professional in Romania, National Club of Romanian Shepherd Dog Breeders (CNCCRCC).
Food Carpathian shepherd
As you probably well know Romanian Carpathian dog is a dog unpretentious when it comes to food.
The mountain is fed by shepherds, but also dog owners who prefer one apartment because it is a dog with adaptability remarkable than many breeds both in terms of environment and space, but also in terms feed.
If the necessary and sufficient to ensure food does not really matter what form it comes. Both can be fed with cooked food and dry food or canned to the store.
Health, joy and happiness can be read in his eyes and the dog work and especially in its fur. A healthy Carpathian Shepherd is always ready for action and has a glossy coat and clean.
Description Carpathian shepherd
Surat dogs are color (gray wolves) extremely handsome, vigorous and hardy splendor blends so harmoniously that great flexibility with physical force. On the mountain, Carpathian not having a roof over your head, accompanying always flock had to be a drinker to hard conditions.
Thus developed a dense and soft undercoat that provides the necessary thermal insulation, exterior undercoat protected by longer hair and straight. Daughters hindquarters, the hair is longer and so called up and pants, which allow the Carpathian to sit on the cold ground or snow.
The head is solid but not heavy, with broad and very little domed forehead. Seen from above is wider between the ears and narrowing slightly to stop. Stop is smooth, craniofacial axes parallel, strong nose, the oval section, slightly shorter than or equal in length to the forehead to the nose and not subtieaza large, broad and black.
The lips are thick, pigmented black, taut jaws on strong, well closed commissure; developed very strong teeth with a full numeric formula, scissor bite. Ears, V-shaped with rounded tips, not too big, are inserted above its eyes, lying on the cheeks may possibly be cropped.
Eyes, almond, are quite small relative to head size, place slightly oblique to the longitudinal axis to stop descending. They are dark, chestnut-brown shade and never prominent. The eyelids are taut and black. The neck is strong, medium length in relation to body length and form an angle of about 30 degrees back line.
The trunk is vigorous, seemingly easy withers, back, medium length, straight, well-dressed its rump. The thorax is quite wide and deep, descending to the elbows that are adherent to the body; well sprung ribs, the abdomen slightly upward. The train above.
Spata inclined towards the rear forming strong arm an angle of about 100 degrees. Forearm, too strong, it is right and medium length. Metacarpal bones are short, slightly bent, feet slightly oval, compact, massive. Viewed from the front or side with the forelegs are perpendicular to the ground.
Feet are oval, compact, massive. Potential spurs can be removed if inconvenience in walking. Hindquarters. Like previous ones, the hind legs are strong and muscular. Seen from behind, down parallel to the ground. Angulation of the knee and the heel slightly open, the portion below the hocks perpendicular to the ground. Feet are oval, massive compact. Potential spurs can be removed if inconvenience in walking.
The tail is inserted quite high, reaching up to hock in repose hanging down, the tip slightly curved in action is high up in the back and the excitement even higher, but never crooked back. Hair. With the exception of the head and limbs previous surface, which is short and smooth, the whole body is covered by abundant hair. Top coat is made of yarn long, straight and harsh. The undercoat is dense and soft. The longer the hair around the neck (mane) and on the posterior limb (even pants) and on the tail.
Color is various shades wolves usually lighter and darker on the sides delicve on top of the trunk. The dog may show a darker mask on the muzzle, without altering the typical appearance. They are admitted and markings or spots of white, but it can not be the predominant color. The markings are located mainly around the neck, between the ears, the nose LABES and not interrupt any carpet stain color based on the dog's gown, so that its overall image of its lupiu dog is not spotted.
The skin is usually pigmented uniform dark gray. The nose, eyelids and lips contour must be black, even if the skin is sometimes pink. Nails, preferably black or gray. Talia. Minimum height at the withers: males above 65 cm, 62 cm minimum females. The maximum height should not negatively affect the dog's mobility and harmony. Walking is relaxed, the pace stretched limbs moving vertically.
Behavior Carpathian shepherd
Shepherd Dog is a natural guardian dog, brave and tenacious. It is distinguished by instinctive and unconditional attachment to the herd and his master. It's a dog with a dignified, calm and balanced, but when the situation demands it turns into an instant into a real fighter, very fast, agile and strong, passionate desire to defend master even the price of life. This dog is extremely tenacious and determined.
Dog wolf-like, strong but never heavy odor and has extraordinary quickness, feels wildlife from a distance and comes along every time. On the mountain only the strongest survive and determined. Also Shepherd Dog is a dog without fuss, that a dog is not picky, eat almost anything, perfectly adaptable to climatic conditions of our country, while being a good family dog.
I must note this breed love and affection towards children, supporting young man stoically little ones all the little mischief ...
An accident with a shepherd who has been tragic end on the mountain, when he was found four days after the two Carpathian of his were struggling to chase crows around the body, undernourished and without water for so long, did not leave, they stayed faithful to the end of the one who has been master and who loved him beyond his own suffering.
It remains only to imagine the struggle waged by the two Carpathian during the nights, when they fought with wild beasts, keeping them away from these lifeless body who shared the piece of corn mush ...
Training Carpathian shepherd
This dog is beautiful, rugged effort, but quite stubborn. It has a strong character, independent, often dominant. Guard instinct, innate, is very well developed. He loves movement and space needs. A good companion, family attachment, but not very sociable, showing reluctance to strangers. It's hard to gain the trust and friendship.
The methods used to train Shepherd dog can be used verbal rewards, caresses and food. It has a hunting instinct reduced, so it is little interest in toys, ball, etc. Respond quite well to commands, with an average capacity of learning. In fact this is the impression they give, because it is a stubborn tenacious.
Carpathian going very well for dressage discipline and the guard. Not suitable agility, rescue, hunting, mondioring or IPO. For the last two, it requires a firm bite. The dog stays there, do not let go. Shepherd Dog is a dog rustic and has a wolf-like tactics: bite, tear and retreats, preparing for a new attack.
It is good to know a minimum of commands. A dressage discipline begins at 5-6 months. Walking the dog learns to step restraining order "no," and the other "sit," "down," "expects," "here", "free." To guard working for a year. Can make objective guarding territory or responding to commands "Attack!", "Let", "here". Do not forget to guard the Carpathian strong instinct! Dog sex is not important in this regard.
Characteristics Carpathian shepherd
It is represented by those individuals that have a texture of hair and often composed of soft undercoat and top coat hair semiaspru; together they form an abundant clothing, protecting the animal from the cold, and moisture caused by rain and snow that usually is exposed.
Ensemble hair and undercoat is longer around the neck - mane - and on the back of the legs, forming panasele and pants. The color is gray, gray-wolves hunted, sometimes with ear hair black or black mask; may have white markings on the head, chest or limbs, but these markings to be prevalent. There is a breed mastiff.
Eliminating faults - prognatism, brevignatism, Monorchids, cryptorchidism, phenomena of albinism, depigmented strong eye or different colored severe behavioral addictions (aggression or excessive shyness), waist under 60 cm to 57 cm in males or females.
Health Carpathian shepherd
When talking about Romanian sheepdogs can say that all these breeds include robust and highly resistant dogs that rarely shows health problems. We understand that valuing that these dog breeds still primitive in terms of purity of lineage, an important role in the selection had, for centuries, resistance proved to disease, availability effort, labor flaunting specimens with various defects or whose immune system is rapidly eliminated.
Determinism of genetic diseases that can meet you at Shepherd dog (and generally the Romanian shepherds) Musculoskeletal disorders remember (hip dysplasia, panosteita, hypertrophic osteodystrophy, etc.).
Hypertrophic osteodystrophy is a bone disease that, in the event of a rapid increase occurs at age 3-6 months. Features: loss of appetite, fever repeated, development of a limp manifestation suffering from painful joints (they are hot and swollen). Lesions usually appear at the joints of the hips, elbows, knees.
If osteochondrosis, joints are swollen and appears limping. In disease development during the process accelerated growth segment recorded age 3-18 months, a particularly important role it has, as I said, the quality and nutritional content. Articular cartilage destruction is due to weak bones that can not support adequate cartilage. Therefore, cell function are affected cartilage under development.
During the development of hip dysplasia change the balance between the development of hip joints and weight gain after which incongruity occurs (between the femoral head and acetabular cavity there is a discrepancy). Hip joints loosen, then develop arthritis later can have serious consequences.
Panosteita is a temporary condition, sometimes popularly called "growing pains". Symptoms include lameness, difficulty dog to stand up from a lying or jumping, pain and lameness by moving from one member to another. The manifestations occur at age 4-18 months and usually stop at 2 years. Long periods of rest and avoid engaging in exercises and affected dog-scale movements (when they obviously provokes discomfort or pain) is the most important remedy available.