Bucovina Shepherd dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Romania
- Group: Cattle and mountain dogs
- Weight: 60 - 78 kg
- Height: 64-78 cm
- Colors: white with black, gray, brown and other colors
- Training: easy to train
- Grooming: long hair, requires regular brushing
- Temperament: calm, balanced, dignified, very devoted
- Health: very healthy, thick fur protects it from weather
- Litter size: 6 - 8 puppies
- Lifespan: 10 - 23 years
- Other names: The Bucovina Shepherd, Romanian Shepherd of Bucovina
Romanian Shepherd of Bucovina, large and imposing animal used by pastors in northeastern Romania (Bucovina), was appointed the ages "dulau" or "CAPAU". From the twentieth century, when occurred the first concerns identifying and promoting breeds originating in the territory of our country, this dog was "attached" to say, Carpathian Shepherd breed.
But the differences between these two breeds can not be ignored even by an amateur. Carpathian is distinguished by wolf-like appearance and display a smaller waist. Romanian shepherd dogs of Bucovina in upward pattern suggests mastiff, they are more robust, stronger and more solid with a skeletal construction. The building is again distinct head compared Carpathian Shepherd, which is larger, with a 1: 1 ratio compared to the muzzle, lips are heavier, with labial flaring and eyes are characteristic elongated. This is a natural breed, which was developed and actual specimens are not the product of a rigorous selection program.
Dogs they man needs in his yard and the sheepfold, they are natural dogs, working dogs and do the same thing for generations, and the selection was made empirically. The first owners of these dogs used them extensively in their activities, and they chose the criterion of resistance to weather conditions and after working qualities. So it is clear that these breeds were formed just like all natural breeds in any other part of the world. There is a theory that holds that the ancestors of these dogs were brought by the wave of settlers who populated the territory of the ancient Gauls, from the southwest, with Roman troops that extended the empire's borders (successive conquest of territories).
The arguments in this regard rests on the existence of herding breeds with similar traits and spread south of the Danube, in the Balkan area. Thus, we can consider dogs similar in appearance as well as your Tornjak Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia, Karakatcean in Bulgaria, Greece and Sarakatcean Hrvatski Planinski Pas (Croatian mountain Shepherd dog) in the mountain areas of Croatia. Experts said the dog world countries are striving for the approval of these races.
From the viewpoint of the International Kennel Federation (FCI) Romanian Shepherd of Bucovina is a breed provisionally accepted, still unapproved, framed in group II (Cattle and mountain dogs, molossoid and other races). The first standard was written in 1982 and updated in 2001 by the Romanian Kennel Club. The current standard, dated on 29.03.2002, has been reviewed by representatives of FCI in August 22, 2004 (Gura Humorului) and approved by the Standards Committees / Scientific in the FCI 18-19 September 2004 (Sarlat-France).
Food Bucovina Shepherd
Even if their feeding pattern depended cuisine more people if the Bucovina Shepherd dogs can use a commercial feed (adapted waist and age), in quantities recommended by the manufacturer, exaggerations type-protein rations or vitamin-supplements mineral chaotic administered can be very harmful.
Even if no longer lives in pastoral environment it is vital for good physical and mental development of a dog Shepherd of Bucovina grow outdoors and make moving, as long as he wants. It is good to keep in mind that this large dog prefer cooked food. In this case you have to pay attention to ingredients, to include more meat, dairy, vegetable and fruit intake of vitamins in proportions tailored growth stage or age level.
Meals must conform to a pattern, and the specific time table should be of value connotation of a ritual, even if it seems rather routine. This dog is very attached to his master but the attachment is done anyway, even if the animal has a master realizes too bland and influential.
It is vital in dealing with these dogs to be positioned on the highest step hierarchical be perceived as a true shepherd dog alpha pack leader and mealtime is a very important asset to achieve it. No other animal feed while feeding your dog Shepherd of Bucovina, take her personal food (do not put it in front of the cage waiting for him to discover later), ask them a few words in a tone warm and encouraging.
Dogs are, according to general opinion, omnivores. And it can be argued that only if you ignore the fact that any breed of dog developed from ancestral wolf that was and remained the copies of the current species (Canis lupus) mainly carnivorous animal. Bucovina Shepherd dog has undergone many improvements of the race, controlled crossings etc. to change his original gene pool, so his inclination regarding diet will be one based on meat and animal products.
Ultimately, the solution is a mix of meat and animal products with vegetables, which will accept in this dog food. Very malleable, these dogs know that food is after all a matter of survival and less cravings and whims. Besides animal foods: beef, chicken, horse, goose, turkey, mutton, lamb and fish fillet (in moderation) is recommended and a number of vegetables (beware of the toxic-ex.ceapa) such as tomatoes, lettuce, spinach, potatoes (boiled in shell and crushed), carrots (grated), celery, parsley, green beans and cabbage (the latter administered in moderate amounts, maximum once per week).
Description Bucovina Shepherd
Shepherd of Bucovina has a massive head, slightly higher than the body. Nose is black, well developed muzzle has the shape of a truncated cone, without sharp at the end, the same length as the skull. The jaws are strong, scissor bite is.
The eyes are small compared to the head, almond-shaped, slanted, colored in various shades of brown, but never to yellow. The eyelids are well pigmented. The ears are placed in the upper plane of the skull, in the form of "V", with slightly rounded extremities, drooping, and to the cheek.
The neck is appropriate in length, solid and strong, without folds of skin (dewlap). Muscular body is well proportioned, elongated, with a robust back. A Shepherd of Bucovina chest is broad and imposing. The hair is short on the head and on the front legs. It grows abundantly in the body, straight, dense and coarse, 6-9 cm long.
Fur is storey 2 layers, they provide very good protection against thermal and weathering. Neck hair is longer, forming a ridge. The tail is set high enough; the rest is carried low, reaching to the hock or even lower; when the dog is alert or in action, it is carried high, sickle-shaped, sometimes above the topline.
Amputation of the tail or ears are not accepted for registration. Lifespan is 10-12 years. The color varies, prodeminant background is white with large, well-defined shapes in different colors (black predominates, but also charcoal, gray, brindle) on the head, back and legs. Additional color may occur in the form of "splash" on States. Copies one color (white or completely black fully permitted but not encouraged).
Bucovina Shepherd is a large dog that sheds significant, especially when changing seasons. It has a height of 64-78cm and weight of 60-78kg proportional to the size.
Behavior Bucovina Shepherd
Dogs are a considerable body development which allowed them to tackle tough confrontations with promising opportunities with major predators in mountain areas: the wolf and the bear.
Excellent guard dog he is known in the mountain regions like the sheepdog herding good companion even in mountain wilderness, brave and strong fighter. Romanian Shepherd of Bucovina character denotes a calm, balanced, dignified, very devoted to their owners.
This dog gets along well with children. It is known that barks very strong, the tone low, deep voice to propagate over long distances.
There is indicated increase Shepherd's Bucovina in the apartment because it is a large dog with considerable need for space, voice impressive possessing an independent temperament and despite aperentei physical remains long a thread active, playful.
Training Bucovina Shepherd
The strong no obstacle in education, but it remains a single dog owner. Addiction master and its desires is very strong, so a Shepherd of Bukovina will work to train.
No training needs for security, these features are native. Education of good manners, socialization and training are areas affordable utility with this dog solid, imposing.
He needs a master assured, mentally strong, resolute and neezitant. Unlike other Romanian shepherds, is more easily engaged in gaming activity during which some can be trained to learn commands and exercises a lighter manner.
Characteristics Bucovina Shepherd
Very well adapted to living outdoors, able to face problems without temperature variations recorded at altitudes of over 1000 meters in all seasons of Bucovina Shepherd dog has few pretensions about care. Its rich and thick fur protects it effectively against both cold and bad weather, and climate control.
This dog is not recommended to be brought up in an apartment, you must be reasonable and accept that. A Shepherd of Bucovina is adapted large spaces, needs more freedom of movement. You will be surprised at how much availability for play and "hopping" has this large dog, which can easily reach 75 kilos, the average weight of a man.
Built and adapted to the role of mountain dog, placing in narrow and limited space of an apartment block is absolutely improper. The best thing would be to set up a perimeter and generous, to be only his, preferably a large pen, like the land on which to patrol (the yard, orchard etc.). Basically, instead of this dog is in the backyard vacation if you own such a property, or in the yard of a property disposed in the area bordering urban centers, away from the crowds and crowded spaces.
Maintaining this huge rustic air is a routine without accents really difficult. Putin demanding to food, although dependent on the volume of food offered by Bucovina Shepherd breed dogs will prove an attraction higher than in household products prepared in relation to dog food from trade.
Diet, especially in the first two years, have however made with great responsibility, because it is a large dog with a skeleton and a muscular system wide, the special kind, and the ratio of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates and other nutrients should be carefully dosed.
Health Bucovina Shepherd
Is an animal less pretentious, durable and adaptable.
By its nature and the harsh life that has adapted the centuries, this breed Shepherd eliminated many of the sensitivities generating disorders.
Like any breed of large, these shepherds are at hip dysplasia and torsion stomach, but that his appearance in the area of interest to fans of companion dogs domestic large is relatively recent, many characteristic aspects are still under study and evaluation.
Some health problems can occur in the specimens that adapts to dry food, consumer type, these dogs being addicted to the entire history of their household food prepared in human type rural / pastoral.