Briard dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: France
- Group: Sheepdogs and Cattle
- Weight: 25 - 40 kg
- Height: 58-69 cm
- Colors: black, brown and cream
- Training: intelligent and dominant, recommend obedience training
- Grooming: heavy, requires regular brushing
- Temperament: intelligent, faithful, independent, stubborn
- Health: resistant to disease
- Litter size: 8 - 10 puppies
- Lifespan: 10 - 12 years
- Other names: Briard, Berger Brie, Berger Briard
Considered as originating in the province of Brie, France, Briard was originally created to provide a protection against wolf attacks. Eventually, they became beloved pets and sheepdogs and Cattle.
One of the oldest breeds of working dogs, Briard has a rich history. Briard is known in some circles as the Brie Shepherd dog. First described in the XIV century, this breed was depicted on tapestries dating from the eighth century. Brie is deemed province or region of origin, but there is clear evidence in this direction.
Some connoisseurs believe that Briard can be the result of interbreeding Beauceron's (Cattle dog) with your Barbet (French Water Dog). Initially, they were used to protect people from the attacks of wolves and poachers. With time, the French army used Briard dog as messenger and search wounded during the war.
These dogs have gained popularity as pets in the early 1900s Briard was registered by the American Kennel Club in 1922. Today, Briard dog is used as a herd, security and protection, companion in search and rescue operations and military activities.
Some say the breed was crossbred dogs Deer Hound Barbet, Griffon. Name of the breed was established at the first Canine Exposition in Paris in 1883. It is an excellent dog for manat and guarded flocks, being able to drive a herd of goats 600-700 without human intervention. Can become a pleasant companion dog provided it is moving and ensure the conditions necessary maintenance.
Chien is also called Berger Brie (Shepherd of Brie). One of the most popular examples of Briard is Buck, maybe the smartest member of the famous "Bundy".
Feeding your dog Briard should be done twice a day and the slopes measured. It is recommended that the bowl be ceramic or steel Pentre prevent bacterial growth.
Feeding is done every twelve hours with dry food of the highest quality. Fresh water should always be available.
Like the rest of the dogs are not allowed chocolate, ice cream and other foods similar toxic for him.
It's good to have a list of the main foods that influence more or less the dog's digestion, for example cabbage consumed in large quantities can give your dog soft chairs.
Briard is vigorous, alert, powerful without being rigid with a robust skeleton and muscles, showing their strength and agility required by his duties as shepherd. The breed has several characteristics, including coat color, head and ears, tail.
Complete all colors, except white are allowed; including black, gray and many variations of reddish-brown. Most Briard dogs have reddish tail, ears and face dark and have a mantle over the whole body, a layer of darker color. if puppies reddish-brown coat there is a shift towards more open successive first years of life and then back to darker after they reach adulthood.
Briard dogs gray are rare in the United States, and the most popular ones are black or reddish.
Most times their fur has been likened to that of goats; it is dry, rough and make a screeching noise when rubbed or brushed. Miseries and water rarely penetrate to the undercoat and is easy to comb when fur is dry. If brushed regularly and carefully will moult very little; but if this does not happen, then the hair will break and sometimes you will need to be trimmed back to that aspect had originally health.
The minimum that can be granted brushing is two hours per week for an adult fur; and those teens need a little more time because of the changes experienced by this age. Almost anyone can learn to brush his fur and maintain them, although some owners prefer to resort to professional help for this.
Briard dog fur continue to grow throughout their lives, sliding naturally in large curls, long and shiny. Dogs participating in competitions careful care will be given a coat because the standards require a considerable length coat, almost to the ground. Baile regular brushing and sometimes a shortening of the hair on the legs are needed to comfort the dog.
Briard head is large, rectangular, well covered with hair and a black nose, the square and the sea. The coat forms a beard and mustache and bushy high and above the eyes grows as creating the impression of eyebrow arch. in some cases it takes a shortening of the hair or catch a clip or headband to release the dog's sight. Briard often uses his head to his big push recalcitrant sheep and children or other dogs.
France and America, ears surgically altered at the age of 5-6 weeks. An appropriate care after surgery that shortened their ears cause to stand straight, thus emphasizing the parallel lines of the head and neck long and proud. Ears heading toward the front, alert to any noise or sound and long hair falls over their opening.
Briard ears cut is the only breed with long hair and straight ears, erect, head giving it a unique expression alert. This position has improved ears and hearing ability of the dog's ears prevents infections and limit the harmful effects they may have scratches or bites intruders.
Breed standards also allow natural ears, which some people prefer. Because this surgery Ear cutting is illegal in Britain and some Scandinavian countries, dogs brought from these countries will have natural ears. Chair and uncut ears of this breed are quite mobile, rising slightly and giving the appearance of a square top of the head.
Long enough to reach the middle part of the foot, the tail is covered by long hair Briard and forms a crutch or form letter "J" at the end.
Briard dogs are large; those American somewhat higher than those in France. It is generally recognized that most small dogs have more strength and agility and mobility have a greater light on their feet at guarding the flock.
Briard is a very intelligent race. They are faithful and obedient, which makes them easily trained and trained. They have a very strong herding instinct, so they will try to "shepherd" young children or other pets to keep them company at home. I am very caring and gentle with members of the "herd" them.
Briarzii can be very protective of children, but need intensive socialized from an early age. A Briard little or no socialization can be independent, even stubborn and savage. Most are wary of strangers. They are always willing to please you, but their owners must be firm and consistent. These dogs love to do useful. Briard has an exquisite ear, which makes him an excellent guard dog.
These dogs can be aggressive with other dogs. They have to be distracted and requires a lot of work to keep them preoccupied. A Briard Briard is a destructive bored.
Briard breed dogs are doing best in a home with a yard and fence midsize since loves to be outdoors. As well unravel in an environment outside in a fenced yard with a developed sense of independence. However, they are relatively satisfied with living in a home with adoptive family.
They are active in the house, but not excessive; still need room to move. instead, they can accommodate a live happily in an apartment if their master movement and ensure their daily outdoor exercise. Not very satisfied with living in a cage because they are active natures who loves to move outdoors.
Despite its attractive appearance, his personality charming and dresarii relatively mild Briard is not a dog for everyone. The same features are promoting as a loyal guard dog and an excellent shepherd; are you cause a master began to wonder if this dog is more than he can control.
Even at a young age will begin by Briard puppy to impose its dominance on humans if allowed it. Therefore a training for obedience is more than indicated in this race since an early age puppy. Each family member adoption should behave around the dog as an alpha male, domineering master to determine the hierarchy - the dog.
Besides the training they share both at home and in school training dogs of this breed must be socialized properly by the age of 1 year to ensure that it will not become withdrawn or extremely suspicious to the aggression with other dogs or strangers. You have to subject it to as many different situations to see how it behaves; to know how many people or other dogs foreigners.
Briard dogs require more patience, time and firmness in this socialization as well as in the training which are offered for dogs to become fully confident in their powers and capabilities.
Briard dogs learn quickly and have an excellent memory. It did well in almost any specific activity or group of dogs, from his early to catch the disc to carry luggage or young children behind. Briard dogs have obtained over time to obedience titles, diplomas tracking and guarding the flock. They are perfect candidates for search and rescue work, the training for police, but also for protection work.
In the role of shepherd Briard show a natural ability to move or keep cattle in the territory held by the owner, even if they are not fences. These dogs can and manage to gather the animals using their large body size and force with which it is endowed, by pinching heels and barking sheep. They will not hesitate to use his head to keep the sheep in line; and will not give back to answer a predator attack, be it wolf. These traits sheepdog will use in children or owners, trying to persuade them to go in the direction he wants.
Described often as a heart wrapped in fur, beef Briard will spend trying to please its master. You will need to invest time, patience and affection in brushing activities, training and socialization of this breed; but you know that will not be in vain. in time it will become not only a protector devoted to the entire family, but also a faithful companion, ready to accompany you to the corner store or on mountaintops.
Briard tends not to be friendly with strangers. There is a good companion if not properly socialized, feeling the need to be with his family. Along with the master right Briard can be a great pet.
They need plenty of exercise, being ideal companions for active teens. If you do not receive proper training to consume energy, Briard can develop behavioral problems or become unmanageable. They are excellent companions for people who jog, but will enjoy as much if he's invited to a dip in the pool.
Briard will accommodate living in an apartment if taken for long walks or jogging. It is moderately active inside the home and will be most happy if i provide a medium sized yard. This dog is totally inappropriate growth across a paddock.
Increasing active breed can be a real challenge. Inside the ears should be kept in perfect cleanliness, and excess hair at this level or between the toes should be removed.
Briard's coat is rough and endurance with a texture similar to that goat. If well maintained, Briard sheds little and seasonal. Briard's coat tangle very quickly if you give them time to care.
In general, Briard is a dog resistant and robust with few sensitivities of a medical nature. However, several conditions were reported with an increased frequency:
- Progressive retinal atrophy is a disease that causes the degeneration of nerve cells in the retina. The disease often begins in older dogs and can lead to blindness.
- Cataracts cause a loss of the normal transparency of the lens. The problem can occur in one or both eyes and may gradually lead to blindness.
- Torsion (dilation) is a disease gastric sudden life threatening animal stomach filling associated with air and twist it.
- Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in pain, lameness and arthritis in a row.
- Von Willebrand disease is a blood disorder that can cause uncontrollable bleeding.
In addition, Briard is prone arthritis, allergies, thyroid diseases and lymphosarcoma.
The average life expectancy of Briard's is 10-13 years.