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1. Origin

Boxer is part of the Mastiff dog (dogs with massive head type round or cubic bot relatively short, thick lips and long, stop remarkable and massive body, powerful), created in Germany in the late 1800s in Bullenbeisser (race descendant of Mastiff today disappeared) and bulldogs brought from Britain. Bullenbeisserii were used in hunters bears, boars, deer, serving to hold until the arrival of hunters prey. Later, when the dogs would have been quicker, a smaller waist Bullenbaisser was bred in Brabant region in northern Belgium. It is unanimously accepted as Bullenbeisser Brabanter is the direct ancestor of today's Boxer.

In 1984, three Germans: Roberth, Konig and HöPNER, decided to fix the race and to expose a canine show. This has been achieved in 1985 in Munich and the following year they founded the first Boxer Club namely Deutscher Boxer Club. Club breed standards published in 1902, a detailed document that has not changed much to this day. However, the first to develop documentation on breed characteristics is Robert Friedrich, another German dog breeder. He is the one who called this race for the first time, Boxer.

Boxer got the rest of Europe in the late 19th and in the United States early next century. The American Kennel Club (AKC American Kennel Club) registered the first Boxer champion, Dampf we on Dom, in 1915. During World War I soldiers Boxers were used as messengers, fighting and guard dogs. However, their popularity globally started to grow only at the end of the Second World War, when soldiers returned home and presented to the world, making them fast favorite as a pet contest and watch.

As an athletic breed, exercise is important for Boxer. It must be considered too intense exercises that can affect bone development chickens. However, mature boxer is an excellent jogging partner. Because the skull hydrocephalic (looking flat), not feeling well in hot environments or with high humidity, and common sense must prevail when I train in such conditions.

2. Food Boxer

Boxer has a baby growing fast enough and therefore needs an adequate food this need. To achieve a normal and harmonious development, food must be of quality, the Boxer is a major consumer of protein and fat. In the first 6-8 months of life, necessary vitamins and minerals especially calcium and is significant. Food industries solve specific well above mentioned problem. Do not forget that Boxer is one of the breeds with an average life lower than many others, he lives intensely every moment is full of energy and even if an adult does not consume a large amount of food is still needed quality food throughout life.

In general, the Boxer is a healthy dog, especially if it is properly maintained. If you live in an apartment building, must assure enough exercise, because it is easily prone to obesity. If you live in the yard, make sure that during the winter to have a shelter to shield them from wind and, if possible, moisture, and if food this season, is more rich in protein and fat, not you will have trouble with the animal. Boxer problems facing the sun in summer and hot weather are, being one of the breeds most prone to heatstroke and heat shock.

It is an oddity that supports easy winter but hardly endure torrid heat of summer. Being a very playful dog and generally very active, it is preferable that the daily ration be divided into two meals to avoid twisting of the stomach.

In our country, although numerically race was and is quite well represented, unfortunately the number of copies quality is still small. Neither before December 1989 and we still can not talk about a move boxerista in the true sense of the word. About what it was 12-15 years ago can not speak, because nothing remained. Today, only a few diehards are striving hard race, that's right, launch this wonderful breed.

Unfortunately, there exists no association territorial, except Bucharest, a club Boxer, while trying Boxer club in Bucharest to form a national club was unsuccessful miserably, because another harsh reality is that the few breeders (however few) of the moment do not cooperate with each other.

3. Description Boxer

Boxer is a medium sized dog, athletic-looking, solid, short inscribed in a square, well muscled, prominent. His movements are brisk, walking elegant, proud and noble outfit. Head shape give this breed a characteristic physiognomy. First, it must be well proportioned with the rest of the body; top of the head, slightly domed, must be svelte, without prominent cheeks.

The beauty of the head depends on the harmonious proportion between bot and top of the head, which should not be too small. The muzzle should be well developed, neither too short nor too sharp or too long. Its shape is influenced by the appearance of two jaws and teeth. Lower jaw length surpasses the upper one, but both need to be large. In front, commissures must be thick and thick black folds present. Teeth are strong and regular. Slightly flattened nose, but less flat than the bulldog; cheeks well developed muzzle covers easy.

Ears located in the top of the head can be cut or uncut, of moderate length and worn down. Boxer eyes express energy and intelligence, are dark, nearly round shape. The neck is round and thick, fairly long, strong and muscular, still looks lean, without skin folds. Is preminenta neck, chest deep and well developed withers. The tail is cut short and the hair should be short and shiny.

4. Behavior Boxer

Boxer dogs are cheerful and witty, playful, curious and very energetic. Intelligent, shrewd, quick learner any procedure or technique canine. Sometimes they can be stubborn and bored. Boxers are good dogs for competitive dressage. I'm always moving, very tied to the owner's family. They are loyal and affectionate dogs and are known for the unique way they get along with children. A Boxer dog groomed and socialized properly will understand perfectly with other dogs or other pets besides your home.

However, a master dog Boxer told how, although the dog is their best friend with all cats that he has the yard and the second dog, sometimes boxer aims and hunt all the ducks and other animals farm that you catch in its area of ​​action. The female boxer dog will often go into battle with other female canine, trying to impose their domination.

If anyone has a female boxer and another female from another breed, the two will get along very well and will play together most of the time, however, there will be fights from time to time. Boxer dogs is said that the name comes from the way they like to use their front paws to do almost anything. If you see a boxer dog when left alone, you will see how he uses his front paws to play with his toys, to pull the bowl to eat and so on. By nature, dogs Boxers want to protect you, your family and your home. Visitors will always be known encounter noisy. Dogs are always ready to work or play. Also, these dogs need more human company.

We know about them that keeps athletic even at old age. This breed is considered excellent because of the courage or guard. Moreover, Boxer dogs are used widely in police work in the army.

5. Training Boxer

Boxer is a very playful dog, ENER and certainly useful. This breed is extremely loyal and when a friendship is formed, it lasts forever. If you're new owner of a boxer must be very careful and take care that he needs attention and training properly. They are extremely intelligent, which may be to your advantage when it comes to antremanemt, but also can also be a disadvantage when they use their intelligence to get what they want.

Training consists boxer's training to become watchdogs, it is their main, if you will. Those who do not know boxers tend to assume that they are naturally aggressive and it's actually not, they actually can be more playful than many other dogs. Due to strong physical and aggressive eyes, people automatically assume that this dog does more harm than good. If not properly train your boxer might have to those people right.

Because of their intelligence, Boxers can be very stubborn, but when it comes to forming a boxer, it can be a very useful thing. Owners must remember that there will be times I when I will ask the boxer to do something and he will look into the eyes telling you if you do you, he knew that he should do that, but do not bother, because it is convenient. The main thing that you must remember it is to have rabdare.Incepand from 6 weeks should start the training as this will help when you grow, socialize with him, play with him, teach . Do these things in an interesting and easy to listen to.

The main aspect in the formation of a boxer is socialization. Boxers can be very friendly dogs, but must be trained for this. They need to get used to other dogs and people. The best way to do this is to be given to training courses at the right time. So your boxer will be training with other dogs. When the boxer reaches 13-16 weeks it is time for a dressage training of the boxer. This is the stage where you do the test for dominance. He will try to show that he is dominating in that they will not listen. You must be a strong leader and must show him that this kind of behavior does not tolerate.

6. Characteristics Boxer

Boxer dogs do not require special care, but require consistent and consistent training. Short hair coat requires minimal care.

Although pets are excellent Boxer breed dogs tend to fight among themselves, especially if the other boxer is of the same sex. The biggest problem in what he terms the Boxer them is increased frequency of cancer compared to other dogs.

7. Health Boxer

Epilepsy is a disorder of the nervous system that develops between the ages of 2-5 years. Intervertebral discopathy is a condition involving the vertebral discs located between the vertebrae. Affected dogs experience pain. In severe cases, it can cause severe hind limb paralysis.

Dilated heart is a heart condition that results in enlargement, thinning of the heart muscle that forms the heart walls. Mastocitoamele are malignant tumors that can develop both on the skin and in organs interne.

In addition, although they do not occur very frequently, these diseases were also reported: Cushing syndrome is a disorder that affects the adrenal gland (adrenal). When overactive, the adrenal glands secrete cortisol in excess, causing disease status.

Cryptorchidism is a condition manifested by absence of migration of one or both testicles in the scrotum. Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not work properly. In the absence of sufficient amounts of thyroid hormone can cause illness.

Axonopatia is a progressive degenerative disease of the nervous system that thanks to the efforts of Boxer breeders, is today rare. Boxer dogs is prone various tumors and cancers, eye cherry eye disease, demodectic mange, atopy, acne, deafness and incontinence average urinare.Durata Boxer's life is 9-10 years.

8. Pictures Boxer

9. Other dog breeds

10. Bibliography

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