Boston Terrier dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: U.S.A.
- Group: Terrier
- Weight: 5 - 11 kg
- Height: 38-43 cm
- Colors: white-brown, brindle and white, greyscale
- Training: easy to train
- Grooming: clean eyes and ears daily
- Temperament: active, friendly, intelligent, gentle
- Health: generally healthy
- Litter size: 3 - 5 puppies
- Lifespan: 15 years
- Other names: Boston Bull, Boston Bull Terrier, Boston Terrier dog
So its size crossover to fall, Boston terrier original weighed about 20 kg (Old Boston Bulldog bulldogg-old Boston) and was used in battles with dogs and pit bull-type terriers. Today it seems hard to believe and imagine that these little dogs were once smug and hardcore fighters pit.
In fact, once they were classified by weight in lightweight, medium and heavy. Boston terrier is one of the few breeds that is created in the US (made in USA), specifically in Boston. Old Boston Terriers came from crossbreeding between the English Bulldog and a breed which is now extinct English White Terrier namely.
By 1865, a driver employed by wealthy Boston began to cross dogs owned by employees of these people. From one of these crossings between a white English Terrier and English Bulldog resulted a dog named Hope'S Judge. Judge weighed about 13.5 kg and was mated with a female less than him as waist.
One of the resulting male offspring was mated with a female and then lower, and their descendants were then crossed with French Bulldog, thus constituting Boston Terrier ancestors.
Since 1889, the race has become sufficiently popular in Boston that admirers and breeders of these dogs to form American bull terrier club community. This however, was not well received by lovers of the breed Bull Terrier as creating a similarity between these two breeds, nicknamed "round heads" was not right. Shortly after this conflict, Boston terrier breed was named after the place where the format.
It was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1893. It first appeared in Boston in 1870. In the early years, the coat color and the signs were not that important, but in 1900 the hallmarks of color and race were entered in the official standard the breed and have become an essential feature.
Terrier dog name only, Boston Terrier has lost much of its initial rudeness and aggression, preferring human company now, although some males can still challenge other dogs if they invading their territory.
Food Boston Terrier
One of the few dog breeds "made in USA" do not pose Boston Terrier really special feeding. These small dogs once designed as a dog fight but "Metamorphoses" final in the last century "gentlemen" perfect and companions very pleasant, are dogs inside (the apartment) and their diet can thus be kept under careful control. The main concern: have a sensitive digestive system and sometimes react to certain ingredients or food.
If you came into possession of a gauge (cup) for dry food (article which can be obtained in pet-shops large, adapted to new market requirements) will be very easy to evaluate the amount of dry food that serve your Boston Terrier dog. Depending on the size, age and activity level of your dog, from 1 to 1.5 cups of dry food a day are basically enough.
This amount can be served in a single serving of specimens older than 12 months. For puppies under 6 months of food will be served in three portions, and in the age range 6-12 months two servings. An ingredient that many copies of developing allergies Boston Terrier is yeast, so pay attention to the recipe.
Sometimes, contrary to expectations, you can identify with yeast in canned dog food based on lamb or chicken meat (poultry). Carefully read the package, you will have Otherwise the unpleasant surprises! Sii persist if these dogs Prohibitions on certain foods, such as chocolate, grapes, raisins, onions, cabbage.
Description Boston Terrier
Boston Terrier dog is a lively, highly intelligent, short robes and hair soft, compact built, short-tailed, well balanced. The head is proportional to body and its expression denotes a high intelligence. The head is short, flat, unwrinkled skin, cheeks payments, eyebrows well defined and well marked stop.
The ideal Boston Terrier expression is alert, pretty, denoting a high degree of intelligence. This is the most important characteristic of the breed. The eyes are far apart, large, round, protruding, dark brown or black color. With traces of blue or blue disqualify specimens concerned.
The ears are small, thin, worn erect, can be cropped to standard shape of the head and set so as to be closer to the corners of the skull, or naturally worn. The muzzle is short, square, wide and deep in proportion to the skull, devoid of wrinkles, shorter than wide, with length being approximately 1/3 of the skull.
The muzzle from stop to tip of the nose is parallel to the head. The nose is broad, black, with a well defined line between the nostrils. The jaws are wide and square, teeth regular short. The lips are large, but not pendulous and completely covers the teeth when the mouth is closed. The neck should be proportional to trunk length and construction. It is slightly arched, his head caught between wore gracefully and right shoulders.
Behind this dog is short enough to give a square shape torso. Topline is straight and the croup is slightly curved at catching the tail. The chest is deep with sufficient width, ribs well sprung and its oriented. The trunk should be short. The tail is set down, short, smooth and sharp at the top, right or twisted and must not be carried horizontally.
Shoulders oblique thoracic limbs, bina sloping rear, which Boston Terrier print a move elegant, stylish. The elbows are pointing inward or outward. Forelegs are placed quite distanced from each other on the same line with the upper tip of the shoulder. Rays have bone straight, short, strong chisitele. Spurs if they occur, can be removed.
The feet are small, round and compact, as directed, with well arched toes and short nails. The hind thighs strong, muscular, well sloping toward the stifle joint and fastened properly. Hocks are strong and short, straight, correct aplomb. The paws are small, compact with short nails.
Mersurile this dog are those of a dog safely on his feet, Upright correct. Forelegs and hind moves in a straight line with perfect rhythm, each step indicating grace and power. Roba shows short hair soft, shiny, with a fine texture. Colored coat color can be great, black with reddish reflections in bright light, or black and white signs. They are mandatory markings: a white band on the muzzle, a white blaze between the eyes, white on the chest.
Behavior Boston Terrier
Although in the past this dog was bred for dog fights, today's Boston Terrier is increased for lowering aggression. He is gentle, alert, well-mannered and very intelligent. Enthusiastic and occasionally waggish dog, this breed even has a sense of humor and can be an ideal companion.
These dogs are very good with children, but also with older people, very friendly with strangers. Boston Terrier is playful, very affectionate and eager to separate him from all family activities. It is very popular in the United States, precisely because of its excellent. Generally get along well with non-canine pets.
Some males may be dominant and may fight with other dogs. Sometimes these little dogs can be difficult to learn to defecate outside. It adapts well to apartment life, and life in the country. They are quite inactive indoors and are very sensitive to weather changes.
Training Boston Terrier
Boston Terrier pet dogs are very successful because it combines affordability with an above average intelligence and power of adaptation that transforms the act of training a pleasure. Sociable, sensitive side and attach human partner, Boston Terrier breed dogs can easily learn and be reined in without difficulty.
As outlined in other materials devoted breed, Boston terriers are not basically unrelated with representatives of the large families Terrier, but descended rather from dogs typology Bulldog and is likely to be inherited even features physical from Mops / Pug.
Quite alike with delight "Frenchie" (Bulldog French), Boston terriers behave quite like it on the whole, slightly less stubborn and providing extra chapter malleability, traits that he departajeaza clear classic portrait of Terrier acquis stubborn and cantankerous volunteer.
They may prove to be playful, alert and lively in the external environment, but behave pleasant inside, preferring to "trandaveasca" and sit quietly in the most convenient areas of the home, never too far from his master and family members. A very interesting and incompletely elucidated until now it is the manner and context in which they evolved temperamental representatives of this race, if we take into account that the precursors dogs modern Boston Terrier were clearly prefer the role of fighters in arenas to fight canine.
With the size that suffered losses, lost dogs of this breed instincts aggressive and rough behavior that clearly flaunted it specimens from which we started getting selected for the new breed. Now, experts characterize as a pet small and terribly sympathetic that displays a delightful and charming temperament that knock on anyone.
Integrates with pleasure in different games, easily learn tricks and routines complex is dedicated friend of the children, who behave and permissive. Tolerant teasing the little ones, has a certain robustness that you watch for hazards common in accidents mignon and fragiel races, but while small and agile enough to maintain a high share of sympathy.
Boston Terrier is particularly sensitive to tone of voice stapanuli so harsh punishments or harsh tones (attitudinal or voice) and it marks deeply antagonize him to retreat and blocking behavior. This dog responds well to early socialization and will tolerate without major problems or other animals around. But after this people will always yearn wanting to be around them all the time.
Evidence of affection should be gradually extended and nuanced, often in relation to positive behaviors when responding correctly to domestic dressage. If the owner does not devote enough attention, ignore them or they do not play with the dogs of this breed can easily become anxious or agitated. There are some "beggars" affectionate, but feel the need to always feel the same "wavelength" with their owner, really useful in training.
Beyond that is a small dog, a guard dog proves effective, in the sense that strangers are approaching notify promptly, but without being treated with suspicion or excessive aggression. Any trends in this regard seen in young males should be immediately corrected, because the standard is deviant behavior. The closest relationship will develop with that family member who turns in absolute terms the most influential and able to make decisions.
Remember that these intelligent animals perceive real authority in terms of greater accuracy than us. If an individual chooses a Boston Terrier is the person in the family and will post its always around, giving her entire attention, that person must be involved mostly in training. This will get the best results in short time.
Characteristics Boston Terrier
Soft and short hair makes care to be easy. It does not require bathing, than to need.
Brushing and comb the fur energetic enough for this dog.
Girl should be wiped daily also must clean the eyes with great care, as well as the ears.
Eyes and ears should be cleaned also sebum deposits.
Paws, ears, eyes should be checked to not collect grass seeds that produce foreign body granulomas quite serious.
Health Boston Terrier
Boston Terrier is a breed with very few health problems, but, as with all canine breeds, we can talk about some risks and diseases with high incidence. Not all dogs are exposed Boston Terrier unconditionally all diseases appearing in the statistical profile of the breed, but it is good to pay attention mainly to certain risks identified by specialists. When buying a young Boston Terrier and request data from the medical history of his parents to be alert that special precautions are taken.
Cataract - Boston terriers are exposed to both forms of the disease or juvenile cataracts and cataracts adulthood. Juvenile cataracts develop in the general range in age from 8 weeks - 12 months. The disease is changing ownership or partial transparency of the lens with progressive evolution and accompanied by diminishing eyesight. As a dog advances in age, blue-gray eyes betrays most often onset of the disease.
A normal part of the aging process is the darker color of the eyes, which is due to thickening of the lens. In this case it is nuclear sclerosis usually found in dogs over the age of six and threatening not to. Cataracts can be inherited or can occur due to multiple causes, including injuries of eyeball or certain diseases such as diabetes. If your dog suffers from cataracts due to illness by treating cataracts its effect may be diminished.
There is no specific treatment for cataracts. The disease is not accompanied by pain, but when the animal has problems with spatial orientation can be appealed to surgery to improve vision. A veterinarian ophthalmologist will replace the lens with an artificial one.
Disease "Cherry eye" (eyes bloody) - In this case it is the tissue of the third eyelid (placed in the inner corner of each eye) that can inflame or even move, presenting itself as a film of red color which tends to cover the eyeball. Often it needs surgery to remove the inflamed tissue. The problem that this tissue contains the most important lacrimal gland. If you reach the extreme solution for removal, you will need to use eye drops throughout the dog's life.
Patellar luxation - is probably the most common orthopedic disorder in dogs, regardless of breed. This is a disorder that affects the kneecap (patella). It migrates from sliding groove at the distal end of the femur. Affected dogs will have difficulty in traveling (to limp). Most times, and depending on the stage and severity of the disease, will require surgery.
Heart murmur - part of the area of heart trouble, most of them hereditary transmission. There are several types of heart murmur, its because of various structural changes of the heart. Specialists in cardiology distinguished 6-magnitude veterinarian can detect pathological noises in a primary consultation (by listening with a stethoscope).
Even if it meets murmur Grade 1 (minor) we recommend monitoring the affected dog and additional tests such as echocardiography and electrocardiography because murmur may worsen. Although there are copies with heart disease who reach old age, the average life framed in the race, they are excluded from breeding. Predisposition for this type of heart disease is associated progeny of Bull Terrier, another race that exhibit similar problems.