Bloodhound dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: England / France
- Group: Hound
- Weight: Male: 40-50 kg Females: 35-45 kg
- Height: Males: 65-70 cm Females: 58-64 cm
- Colors: brown, red, black-brown
- Training: medium, is stubborn
- Grooming: easy to groom
- Health: Beware of hereditary diseases
- Litter size: 8 - 10 puppies
- Lifespan: 10 - 12 years
- Other names: St. Hubert Hound, Saint Hubert Hound, Chien de Saint-Hubert, Flemish hound, Bloodhound dog
Chien de Saint Hubert is a very old breed originating in Tibet Molossi brought in Gaul and England by the Roman legions, this dog having over 1000 years old. Later developed into a monastery of Saint Hubert Ardennes due monk, from which it received the name, becoming very popular in royal courts to hunt in packs.
And then spread to England, where he was brought by Guillaume, Duke of Normandy, with its invasion in 1066. Today all dogs Chien de Saint Hubert were black with copper or red, but in the Middle Ages they had other colors simple.
White copies, which existed in Medieval Europe were called Talbot Hounds. By 1600, this strain died, although the genes they continue to exist if Briefs breeds Basset's white or tricolor (which have the upward Chien de Saint Hubert).
In fact, around the world are coonhound breeds such as American, Swiss Jura Hound, Fila Brasiliero, Hound Bavarian mountain and many others who have ancestors in this ancient hounds track.
It can be found under the names: Bloodhound, Bloodhound or Chien de Saint-Hubert Saint Hubert.
Bloodhound dogs quickly become bloated and should be fed three times a day with a reasonable amount of food.
Exercise after feeding should be avoided because some individuals may have stomach cramps.
Like any dog shall always have fresh water to drink when thirsty.
Chien de Saint Hubert dog is a massive, heavy, with slow and stately gait, hound par excellence, patient, noble, moderately manners and very loving. The body is muscular build strong, broad and deep back.
The head is one of the important minutiae and the race is good format, with the skull tall and sharp, skin wrinkled forehead and cheeks too, with sunken eyes under the arches less prominent; facial expression denoting calm and majesty, but also some sadness.
The ears, long, proportional to the size of the head, attached below, hangs in heavy folds along the jaw; exceed the length edge of the jaw. The tail is carried in an elegant curve, type sickle above the topline, but not back. Hair, short, thick and quite harshly entire body is soft and silky on the head and ears.
Dogs are great. Appearance and overall impression they emit these dogs is dignity, nobility, solemnity, wisdom and power. The head is broad in proportion to its length, though, compared to the body, is long, easy to sharpen the temples to muzzle end, though, seen from the front appears flattened on the side.
Seen in profile, the upper line of the skull is nearly in the same plane with the line forehead. The skull is long and wide, with occipital protuberance very pointed. The forehead is long and deep. Deep sunken eyes with eyelids that separate a contour shape of a diamond, so left lower eyelid down and rolled off, leaving to see conjunctival mucosa and giving expression typical "hangover" of this breed.
Like the color, eyes harmonizes generally robes, ranging from gold to yellow or hazelnut color. Hazel is the favorite, especially in the liver color copies robe with copper.
The ears are very thin and soft to the touch, very long, clamped down, hanging in graceful folds, with forward or backward curved bottom. Gura shows scissor bite. The head is "garnished" with a large amount of skin showing, wide, which appears in almost any position abundance, especially when the head is held down. The skin then falls into folds wide, pendulous, especially on the forehead and on the sides of the face.
The nostrils are large and open. Lips, fall in the front square, forming a right angle with the topline of the forehead. The neck is long, lean and well-muscled shoulders back. The ribs are well sprung, breast well descended between forelegs forming a deep chest.
Forelegs have skeleton law, general elbows placed in the square. The feet are strong and well angulated. Thighs and legs are very muscular and hock is raided, well inclined and angled at right angles.
The back and loins are strong, muscular, slightly arched with the last part. Walking the dog is elastic, floating freely. The tail is carried up, but not very much bent over backwards. Coat color can be black with copper, with copper liver color (burgundy), dark colors are often intertwined with lighter colors and sometimes white fleck. A small white spot can be allowed on the chest, feet and tail tip.
Chien de Saint Hubert is an intelligent, friendly, serious and active. It has great sense of smell, which helps to keep blood after traces of wounded game, hence his second name - the "Bloodhound" (blood = blood).
Although it has an affable temperament it is not easy to make him undergo, being stubborn by nature. Chien de Saint Hubert is very energetic outside the home, stormy when young, stubborn and independent. They need an education firm but gentle.
An owner uninitiated, you have to have patience and tact to succeed in educating a dog Chien de Saint Hubert. Some specimens may be shy or aggressive. Sensitive, gentle and shy, a Bloodhound becomes devoted to its master and along very well with everyone. Rarely have behavioral addictions. Males can sometimes be aggressive with dogs of the same sex.
They are protective of their domain, though they can be trained to be friendly, even with strangers. Barking to alert someone when approaching stranger. It is said that these dogs are able to follow a scent older than 100 hours. They are so stubborn that after watching a distance of over 100 kilometers.
The most important aspect of dog training a dog Chien de Saint Hubert is persistence and perseverance, and determination. Chien de Saint Hubert are aware of what they can get with their appearance and expression of pathos, and will take full advantage of this, to get what they want.
Do not expect too much obedience from the Chien de Saint Hubert. They are usually very gentle dogs, but they are stubborn, have their own ideas and often will act according to their own decisions and not under orders owner.
Males go through puberty between 1 and 2 years, being quite unpleasant as wires at this time, but then, with a proper training, incentive and perseverance they become some excellent dogs.
Dogs are so good at detecting traces, that are used worldwide for finding criminals or rescue operations. Following detection by the Chien de Saint Hubert are recognized even in courts as evidence in lawsuits. Thus, a Chien de Saint Hubert has detected guilt and prompted condemnation from over 600 criminals arrested and convicted were.
These dogs can not be kept in a yard fenceless ever since when it detects a trace, will surely follow. Also, 90% of them can not be taken out for a walk without a leash. They will run and will track any trace that the hunters will awaken.
An interesting aspect of this race is that the rich folds of skin scent captures and preserves a long time that the animal must chase these folds Hound helping retain and follow easy to find.
Excellent hunting dog, is used in police work with zeal, without fatigue. Bloodhound finds the very good result, so was used both in hunting and finding criminals, slaves run away or lost children. Today this breed cumbersome baritone voice is so pet dog and tracker and trace detector.
This breed is very prone to expansion and even gastric torsion, therefore, it is recommended to be fed 2-3 small portions a day, instead of a bulky mass, and avoid exercise after eating. Some specimens may suffer from stomach cramps.
There are also prone to hip dysplasia and ear infections and ear infections, thanks to long ears, drooping that are stuffy and humid, favoring the development of otitis fungal, bacterial or yeast.
Due to massive skeleton and the bone protruding rays, it is recommended to arrange a shelter are well padded to avoid the appearance of corns or higromelor. Some specimens can entropion, eyelid due to twisting inwards. The average lifespan is 10-12 years. The Litter is 8-10 puppies.