Black Russian Terrier dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Russia
- Group: Terrier
- Weight: Female: 36–59 kg, Male: 45–68 kg
- Height: Female: 64–70 cm, Male: 66–72 cm
- Colors: black, gray
- Training: Medium
- Grooming: requires regular brushing and trimming
- Temperament: energetic, confident, courageous, stubborn
- Health: robust and resistant
- Litter size: 6 - 12 puppies
- Lifespan: 10 - 14 years
- Other names: Black Russian Terrier dog, Russkiy Tchiorny Terrier, Chornyi, Terrier Noir Russe, Russian Bear Schnauzer, Black Terrier, Terrie Tchiorny
In 1956 Terrier Black Russian is a breed true but only in 1981 the Russian Ministry of Agriculture has recognized the breed in 1984 was accepted internationally by FCI (FCI) and in 2004 was accepted by the American Kennel Club (AKC ) and inserted into the working group (working dogs).
In the 40s, the army controlled kennel, called Red Star, start creating a dog for their own needs. They used a crossover program created by Soviet specialists, creating a new breed of dog, suitable for specific duties. The result was a massive dog, robust, attentive, always willing to work and able to withstand large temperature differences.
Cross breeds used were: Schnautzerul huge Rottweiler breeds and dog water Airedale Russian. They were included in the trial and other breeds, leading to a total of about 20 races. Only the best dogs of each breed were used to cross. Soon the dog was obtained a stable character and temperament, but not in appearance.
At that time, only the character and temperament counted. A few years later, the Russian experts in paramilitary organization DOSAAF brought dogs from kennel Red Star in Russia. They began a process of standardizing the appearance of this breed, without neglecting other qualities. Thus, Black Russian Terrier Great Dane has all the characteristics of the flock, without specifying their aggressiveness.
A total of 17 breeds were used to create black Russian terrier.
The dogs were originally used by the military border police, prisons and the army.
Black Russian Terrier is seen as one of the names: Chornyi, Terrier Noir Russe, Russian Bear Schnauzer, Black Terrier, Terrier Tchiorny.
Food Black Russian Terrier
Breeder from whom you got the chicken should it recommend the most suitable diet your dog fits Black Russian Terrier both dry food based on lamb and rice diets and rely on fresh foods, raw.
A raw diet can contain lamb, beef, fish, eggs, yogurt, cheese, fruits and vegetables. Owners can add oils (olive, flaxseed) food occasionally to keep the fur healthy.
After you reach the age of 9-12 months is recommended to eat 2 times a day to avoid the risk of stomach torsion. Otherwise it is recommended to eat after exercise to stay quiet afternoon.
Description Black Russian Terrier
This rare breed is a medium to large, robust and strong, with a very stable nervous system. Big, strong, stable and alert ... these are the words that best characterize this dog. Well shaped head should be strong and long. Mustache and beard are situated around the muzzle. The forehead should be well defined but not pronounced.
The nose is big and strong black pigmentation. The lips are full, rounded edges and black and paws are big and strong. The mouth should be very fleshy; if not, this can be a major disadvantage in competitions. The black eyes are medium sized and apart. The ears are triangular, with a sharp tip and are located fairly high on the skull.
Short ears are not accepted. The neck is thick, muscular and strong. Body length should be proportional to height, giving it the appearance of a square. Feet high, as the bear paws were harsh, dark and thick nails are dark and big. The hind legs should be straight and bone.
The shoulders should be large, muscular and well developed. The legs must be covered with a coarse hair, medium length. The feet are very large, completely covered black hair. Black Russian Terrier has a strong drive, well coordinated, giving the impression of stability and ease, despite large waist. The tail is short and high.
The coat, waterproof, must be black. In some cases, they can make their appearance gray hairs. As texture, fur must be rough. The undercoat is thick and moale.Culoarea is always black or black with gray hair.
Behavior Black Russian Terrier
Black Russian Terrier is not afraid of strangers and do not hesitate to bark when necessary. They were bred for temperament rather than for appearance. They like to follow their owners wherever they go. BRT-ii owner can sneak in bed at night to offer owners a wet kiss.
Inexperienced owners may find it difficult to control because they are big and strong. If left alone too long can become destructive. Some dogs may have a habit of patrolling the house at night. Children: They love children and have a high tolerance.
However, owners should not leave children unsupervised with dogs. With other dogs and animals: They usually have no problems with other dogs. BRTii are territorial and may resent a new dog in their area. They are good with pets and other animals with which they grew up. Russian black terriers are brave and good observers.
Suspicious of strangers, possess a strong protective instinct that occurs at age 1.5-2 years. Puppies should be treated with affection, yet firm, to guide you in the right direction. Incisors and are very nosy, but also sensitive, playful and easy to train.
Due to strong and balanced temperament, avoid fighting with other dogs, although males can not live in the company of a dominant dog. I can live without any problem with other dogs of small stature, cats, horses, rabbits, etc. Like training sessions and loves to please his coach.
Dogs of this breed only barks if they feel it necessary. Very fast, they are always ready to defend his master's house. Unfortunately, they need some more time to reach full maturity. If trained properly at an early age, maturity there will be no problems dominate.
No matter how sweet and funny is a puppy, remember that more than one year will be a large and powerful dog, dominated difficult if not accustomed from childhood to obey orders. With a little care, Russian terrier is easy to keep in the house.
It should not sit in a cage outside, because it deprived the company of people. The permanent contact with family highlight the best qualities of this breed. In addition, kept too long in the kennel, the dogs of this breed will not be able to learn why and how to defend and, at one time, could reach to protect against their own kennel master.
Training Black Russian Terrier
Early socialization and training is needed to bring out the best of this breed.
Obedience training is extremely important since these large dog may later become stubborn, difficult to control.
Easy to learn but does not respond to harsh training methods.
Trainers should be greater use of their intelligence and desire to learn.
Characteristics Black Russian Terrier
The coat is made of waterproof hairs thick, heavy, dense, with about 4-10 cm long. Sub-layer coat is thick and well developed. Regular pruning, to 2 months, and a professional care is required. Complete removal of hair is required only if the fur is soft.
Russian black terrier to be brushed at least once a week. It is important to remove hair from inside the ears and on the underside of the paws. If brushed regularly, very little moult.
Russian black terrier lives well in cold climates but quickly adapts to any environment if they have shade and water ad libitum. They can not live but without human contact. It would be cruel to keep a Black Russian Terrier alone in a cage or in an apartment, they need to present their owner.
Russian black terrier can live very well in an apartment if sufficiently trained. Inside, they are relatively inactive and no matter how big your yard, be seated in the front door, aseteptand to let him go home.
They like to live close to his master and, therefore, will always after him, following him from room to room. Held in the courtyard, he follows his master from one window to another and is waiting at the door to go outside. They need to be kept in close contact with people.
Health Black Russian Terrier
Black Russian Terrier breed is robust and resistant with fewer sensitivities of a medical nature. The most frequently reported are:
- Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in pain, lameness and arthritis in a row.
- Elbow dysplasia, a developmental abnormality of certain parts of the elbow joint during the growth phase of the dog, resulting in the formation of a joint surfaces irregular occurrence of inflammation, swelling and joint deformity, lameness and arthritis.
- Progressive retinal atrophy is a disease that causes the degeneration of nerve cells in the retina. The disease often begins in older dogs and can lead to blindness. Atopy is a condition associated with allergies and ear infections.
The average life expectancy of Russian black terrier is 10-11 years.