Basset Hound<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: France
- Group: Hound
- Weight: 50-80lbs (23-35kg)
- Height: 16-20inch (43-48cm)
- Colors: white, black and tan. Any recognized hound colour is acceptable
- Training: requires a lot of patience, don't immediately respond to commands
- Grooming: take a little time
- Health: is a resistant and healthy dog
- Litter size: 6-8 puppies
- Lifespan: 11 years
- Other names: Basset dog, Hush Puppy
Descends from an ancient breed and their ancestor is the St Hubert Greyhound from France, a hunting dog trained to sniff out the prey , not to kill. The St. Hubert Monastery monks in Medieval France wanted a short legged dog, able to sniff out the prey in the dense forests, hunting being one of the particulary popular activities back then.
It was raised mainly by the nobility for pack hunting , but won popularity amongst masses after the French Revolution. They were initially used for hunting rabbits. The Basset Hounds are first mentioned in 1585 in an illustrated text about hunting. Later became known more as pets.
Food Basset Hound
The Basset Hound breed is one of the very few breeds that has a tendancy to eat a lot, risking their little stomach to twist and swell, in which case an emergency surgery is required. Therefore three small meals a day are recommended instead of a big one.
Description Basset Hound
These dogs are well-known for their appearance, the permanently sad face, due to the wrinkles formed by the excess skin, many consider this feature as part of this breeds'charm. It is a medium sized dog, with short legs, strong and heavy bones, a long body, a broad and deep chest and a thick and strong neck. It has a large head, round skull, flat temples, long snout with a large black nose. The eyes are medium sized, slightly sunken in the sockets, dark, with a hanging lower eyelid and a sad look. The ears are lage, long, falling in folds and bent inwards. The tail is long, thick at the base and sharp at the tip, mostly worn high. The coat has a thick hair, smooth, short and soft. It can have any bloodhound specific color but frequently encountered is the combination of brown, black and white.
Currently, the Basset hounds are represented by 5 breeds, theree short-haired and two with coarse hair:
- - Basset Hound;
- - Basset Artesien Normand;
- - Basset Bleu de Gascogne;
- - Basset Fauve de Bretagne;
- - Basset Griffon Vendéen, which is subdivided into small and large.
This last breed - a rough haired basset, particularly cute -that I haven't met in our country, has won in recent years, public sympathy, many specimens are preferred for the first place in group VI in various international competitions. Unfortunately, for now, in Romania there is no national Basset Hound club.
Behavior Basset Hound
The Basset Hound dogs have a way of being sweet and gentle that can win everyone, they are determined and well behaved, they do not bark excessively and don't cause damage at home. They love their owners attention and show a great affection and loyalty towards them. They tend to be stubborn, so it is important for them to be taught to respond to some commands early on.
They have been known to be among the most friendly dogs, not reserved with strangers, quickly making friends. If you have small children and other pets the purebred Basset Hound puppies are the perfect choice. They strongly attach to their owner and hate to be left alone, so if your dog will be left for long hours daily in the absence of the family it is ideal that another house pet keeps them company. The Basset Hound dogs love to interact with people and spend as much time in their company. Although they love food and are less energetic than other breeds, these dogs will gladly perform regular exercise if the owner deals with this issue closely.
Most Basset Hound dogs love activities that require their physical endurance like long walks on rough terrain. They love to play games that require their excellent smell and sharp hearing. Like other breeds of hounds, the Basset Hounds can be difficult to train because of their native stubbornness, many will execute the command if they are given a food reward, but will forget what they were trained to do when the food is lacking. The puppies possess a remarkable reaction speed and are resourceful when it comes to stealing food. They bark when they want something or when they want to suggest that they think something is wrong.
Training Basset Hound
The Basset Hound dogs are quite independent, so they don't immediately respond to your commands. A consistent approach, with a lot of patience, can work wonders though. Never bring to exhaustion through long walks a young Basset Hound. The young dogs need all the energy to develop a strong body.
Characteristics Basset Hound
They adapt to the apartment life well but daily walks are mandatory. This dog is active and would prefer a yard like the rest of the dogs would. Due to the large package of muscles and thin skin, prefers warmer climates. The life expectancy is of 9 to 15 years. The female gives birth to an average of 5 to 10 puppies.
Health Basset Hound
The Basset Hounds, because of their long ears, are prone to ear problems. The ears crawling through dirt or food must be avoided so they wont get infected. Rarely can present glaucoma, hip dysplasia or patellar luxations. The ears' rigurous hygiene should become a routine. The dog's weight should be monitored because excess weight can accentuate the muscular and skeletal problems.