Basenji dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Congo (Africa)
- Group: Hounds
- Weight: Males: 10-12 kg Females: 9-11 kg
- Height: Males: 41-43 cm Females: 38-41 cm
- Colors: black, red, tricolor, brindle, black and white
- Training: difficult, stubborn and independent
- Grooming: easy to groom
- Temperament: playful, alert, curious, energetic, intelligent
- Health: attention to hereditary diseases
- Litter size: 4 - 6 puppies
- Lifespan: 12 - 16 years
- Other names: Dog Congo, Congo Terrier, African Bush Dog, African Barkless Dog, Ango Angara, Zande Dog, Basenji dog
This dog is descended from ancient Pariah dogs and was used for hunting since 3600 years BC Legend has it that copies of this breed were made gift Egyptian pharaohs. With the entry of Egyptian civilization in decline and thinning their numbers, but they were kept pretty well in their homeland.
The first copies made in England in 1895 and then 1936 Rapu died from the disease. Gradually it managed to accommodate this dog to climate and diseases in England.
Basenji is one of the oldest dog breeds, coming even from ancient Egypt. Egyptian pharaohs are depicted on bas-reliefs with such dogs with them. It is considered a valuable breed. It was registered by the American Kennel Club in 1944 and in Europe Basenji dogs were imported only in 1985.
Along with Tutankhamun was found a Basenji embalmed to wear neck collar adorned with precious stones. These dogs were seen as some amulets that protect against witchcraft.
In the West they came only in the Victorian era, after explorers discovered "barking dog who" and brought him to England in 1895. Unfortunately, the first pair died of dysentery. However, the pair called "Lagos Bush Dogs" was exhibited at Crufts before he died.
In 1923, Helen Hunt has made six Basenjii in England, and like those before, they all died of dysentery. Only in 1936, a pair of Basenji, also called "terriers" in Congo have lived long enough to make a baby. In 1937 the species was taken in America, again many dogs die from the disease, and only 1942 survived long enough to form a club and Basenji were recognized in 1943 AKC.
The breed was first observed by Europeans around 1895, and the name was taken from the language Lingala, a Bantu dialect used by the Azande tribes and Mangbetu, dominant in northeastern Congo River basin. And locals were called "savages dog" or "dog bushes".
In Swahili, a Bantu language other from rich family, dog's name sounds very similar to the name used today. Basenji proved from the start very skilled at hunting difficult raccoons and other rodents hanging thickets of dense rainforests old.
When it comes to feeding the food needs of the modern breed not make a distinctive note in all other breeds recommended diets.
The metabolism of these dogs have some features, but this does not say anything new. Many breeds, if carefully studied, have some aspect that individualize and would be ideal as they are known and respected, to prevent ill health.
For example, the Basenji breed dogs can assimilate calcium more easily than most other dog breeds that, in the same situation will develop kidney stones.
Instead, it is very important to avoid the diet breed Basenji any dietary supplement containing vitamin C (ascorbic acid, ascorbate, sodium, calcium ascorbate or palmitate ascorbate), because these compounds can cause kidney damage and liver, dogs Basenji They are predisposed to it. Carefully check content specifications of the food you choose and where the compounds listed above are, looking for another product.
If seek alternative dry food to prevent plaque formation, to maintain good health condition of the gums and allow it to benefit from a dosage good vitamins and minerals, choose a formula suitable for the age and size of your dog, a product of quality, whose main ingredient to be meat.
For this breed is recommended foods containing protein from beef or horse, in combination with poultry. Sources of carbohydrates are best wheat and brown rice. You should avoid foods that contain soy, beet pulp, fish, lamb or white rice.
It is said to Basenji dogs rush to eat like eagles. The instinct that allowed him to survive in Africa is still strong and this dog treats with maximum concentration mealtime, being careful and defensive against anything or anyone would endanger the available food.
Each time there will be an opportunity to steal how small food unattended, Basenji will put all intelligence and physical abilities to attempt to take advantage of it.
It is a medium sized dog, muscular, lean, agile and strong enough. It has flattened skull, muzzle slightly shorter than the skull, tapering format with a black nose.
The eyes are small, almond shaped, hazel color. The ears are medium sized, triangular and high forehead also forming some cute breed-specific that give him a worried look.
The tail is small and ring attire back. The coat is smooth, short and the color red with white, black with white, black with tan and white (tricolor). White is on the chest, legs, tail tip, neck.
Male height is approximately 42 cm, the female is between 39 and 41 cm.Greutatea males is between 11 and 13 kg, and females weigh between 8 and 10 kg.
Unlike other dogs, Basenji does not bark. He growls or take other specific sounds when excited or upset.
It is an intelligent, lively, alert, curious, quite independent and stubborn easy. No barking, but get some sounds similar to a cry or scream. Devoted and attached to his master, accepts children since it does not bother him. Not ideal partners for children to play.
It is reserved and cautious with strangers and tends to protect his master. He has no problems with other dogs, but in the yard with other animals, especially cats, hunter instincts stand out. Therefore it is socialized small.
Is a dog that does not stand the cold and feels better in an area with a warm climate and has adapted well to life in an apartment provided they are removed daily walk because he has a moderate activity level. This dog is recommended for people with experience in raising dogs.
Intelident is a dog, curious, quiet and very authoritarian and introverted, rarely expressing feelings. However, they do not like strangers and is very protective of his family. Proves a special intelligence.
Normally in a nest chicks are born 5-6. There Basenji females who gave birth to 12 puppies.
Since it is an independent and stubborn dog, dreseaza is quite difficult. Training must be done by an experienced person, with much rabadre and skill to make the dog listen and execute orders. Training must be firm, consistent, but without being harsh, severe.
Training is recommended for these dogs. Readers wishing to thank her master, but stubborn. Dogs are very destructive and will crunch a lot more things than other animals. They should be kept in short or closed when you are not around because if there is any way to escape and to run, they will.
It takes patience and skill to make a Basenji breed dog to listen and follow orders or carry out exercises. Basenji will not give up easily even in the face of rewards.
The central elements must be firmness, patience and consistency, but any hard or excessively severe stress can compromise a good working relationship.
It is considered the cleanest dog. Cares, it also washes alone a cat. This dog coat brushing can be done with a brush or rubber glove.
I hate the rain, cold or drought can not stand. Care is fairly easy because his fur short emits no odor and does not shed very much. It is suitable for those suffering from allergies because one deals Basenji own hygiene and leaves no hair.
It used to finding hunting and as pets.
Basenji diseases that may develop that can arouse concern Fanconi syndrome, progressive retinal atrophy, hernia, hypothyroidism and hip dysplasia.
Basenji have some hereditary diseases, which include Fanconi syndrome, which means renal proximal tube malfunction. Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency attack this race, causing early death due to anemia. Lyphagectasia is dilated lymphatic vessels, manifesting as diarrhea and weight loss.
Antipurici are sensitive to certain products and are more susceptible to enteritis than any other dog. On average a female Basenji make chicken about 5 per load. Average lifespan is between 9 and 15 years.