Australian Terrier dog breed<<<< Back to dog breeds
- Country: Australia
- Group: Terrier
- Weight: 4 - 6 kg
- Height: 23-28 cm
- Colors: brown, red, reddish-black, brown-black
- Training: easy to train
- Grooming: constantly sheds
- Temperament: agile, alert, loyal, brave
- Health: generally healthy
- Litter size: 4 - 6 puppies
- Lifespan: 12 - 15 years
- Other names: Aussie, Aussie Terrier, Australian Terrier dog
Australian Terrier breed's history begins with the arrival of the first settlers of British origin continent of the globe. In the early years of the nineteenth century, the ships that bore the main mast flag "Union Jack" (the flag of the British Empire) dropped the first farmers who were between Storage, installed in wicker baskets, various dogs of the family of terriers OF THE especially with fur rough copies.
Their role on the new realms that landed brave and curious, as befits any Terrier, was to be identical to that accomplished at home in the British Isles: to eradicate rats and mice and help capture small animals, especially rodents . Race ancestors were, in principle, Cairn Terrier breeds representatives, Skye Terrier (variety with shorter fur) and Dandie Dinmont Terrier, Australian Terrier breeds that share many traits physical. Also, when he moved to a selection process coordinated in order to stabilize the breed and crossbreeding occurred in specimens of breeds Yorkshire Terrier and Irish Terrier (Irish Terriers).
The development race began in Tasmania, in around 1820, the first copies being called simply Terrier with fur Aspra (Rough Coated Terrier). The task of these dogs was to keep control rodent populations and fight against venomous snakes, extremely numerous, to signal the approach of intruders and to accompany sheep and goats. The first club dedicated to the breed was founded in 1887, at which were first enunciated intentions to formalize this breed of dogs.
Moreover Australian Terrier breed was first claimed as a breed native to the mainland. In 1892 the race has received official Australian Terrier named. First participation in an exhibition canine as a distinct breed, being emancipation, was registered in 1903 at a Dog's Show held in Melbourne. Two years later, these dogs were present in sympathetic presentation gigs in the UK. Kennel Club, the organization of Britain officially recognized the breed in 1933. Recognition AKC (American Kennel Club) came in 1960.
Food Australian Terrier
The most important element which ensures your dog's breed Australian Terrier a good health, a beautiful and a mindset dominated by positive accents is a healthy and nutritious diet. If you choose the correct feeding your Australian Terrier arrive, ultimately, save you money, lowering bills issued by the veterinarian.
Although dogs are healthy and robust, Australian terriers will react very quickly to an improper diet, with a sensitive stomach and delicate skin. Nutritional issues is reflected mostly in dandruff abundant, intense itching, dry skin, complications in liver or kidney function or ear infections. A proper diet must reconstruct amount in the appropriate proportions of all nutrients vital minerals, vitamins, fats, carbohydrates, protein and water.
Virtually any type or brand of food is perfect for Australian Terrier, because, like humans, every dog reacts in its own way. The food is very well received and has wonderful effects to a copy of Australian Terrier can cause gastrointestinal upset if another dog of the same race and the same age. Sometimes you will need to try several formulas premium food until unable to identify the perfect recipe for your dog.
If you have an Australian Terrier who becomes anxious at mealtimes and eat with pleasure, his fur is shiny and firm skin looks healthy tone is good and the chairs Its dark and compact means I make a feeding correct and the dog has a good general condition. Make sure you select the right food with age or stage of life you browse.
If an adult dog continue to receive food for puppies, is likely to become overweight in short time, as it contains many calories, while a dog is fed with food recommended an adult dog will not benefit percentages vital minerals vitamins, proteins, calories and other essential nutrients, able to support the complex process of growth and maturation of the body.
Dogs who have reached old age are recommended to be fed with adequate nutrition formula (the dog seniors), because it is specifically designed to be easier to digest.
Why choose between granules of dry food, wet food or the semi-preserved (wet) depends on you and your terrier. A veterinarian or a breeder will often recommend dry food because it keeps teeth clean and well dressed digestive system, resulting stools firm and compact. Also the smell of dry food is less conspicuous and can more easily maintain cleanliness in the feeding area.
Although convenient, semi-moist food has no nutritional benefits to the dry food or canned. For Australian Terrier it is now a popular companion dog, it is best to avoid eating excesses that may arise in family relationships, which is popular and often unkempt little spoiled. You do not have to provide for consumption of Australian Terrier:
Chocolate. In principle, this dessert flavor is contraindicated for all dogs. But as some of you may demonstrate some dogs seem to consume small amounts of chocolate without visible problems occur. First, it is a matter of class, then one ordinary. What we might call "relative immunization" by gradually getting used to the body with small doses.
But do not try to do this with an Australian Terrier, or the body can react very bad chocolate, even if delayed effects to be felt sometimes. Theobromine, a xanthine compound present in chocolate is responsible for complications that occur in dogs. Pay attention especially to children, they are less responsible and tend to think discrimination. If they are fond of chocolate, and the dog is curious and attracted to its smell will provide small pieces and their friend. With the best of intentions, of course, but exposing it to a very great danger;
Cocoa. Tied odor compounds and remaining chocolate sphere, it is good to know that a seemingly harmless compound used in the garden as fertilizer, is another source of danger. Following the drying and shelling cocoa beans, has a product ( "sheaths" cocoa) used as a very good fertilizer for garden plants.
Check that you have used such a product in your garden, where, especially during hot, little terrier Austalian will explore enthusiastic, because he will not hesitate to consume. Regarding the choice of food, dogs rely primarily on smell and flavor of these products resulting from the treatment of cocoa beans is absolutely irresistible for them. But prove highly poisonous ...
Grapes and raisins. And in this case behaves dispute between canine nutrition specialists, that has not yet determined with certainty toxin "guilty" and, moreover, there are numerous cases of canine immune total. But a statistic that includes the most popular breeds reveals that the breed Australian Terrier, Yorkshire Terrier as otherwise react severely to the fruit, most often through kidney blockage. The first symptom in this case is vomiting and convulsions.
Description Australian Terrier
The Australian Terrier is a small dog, relatively short legs and long body more than tall. The head is distinct, long and well-designed, with the skull and muzzle equal in length with fine stop. Regularly planted jaw with large teeth, bite firm, scissors.
The nose is black. The eyes are small, oval, dark-colored in brown tones with smart expression. There must be prominent (protruding). Small ears and sharp, erect, spaced apart and seem less present on pavilions (mot prominent among them grows a hair, usually in a shade lighter than the predominant color on the head).
The tail is cut in half and is traditionally worn high, nearly vertical. The coat is disposed on two layers. The top layer has long thread, coarse and straight, covering the first state body made of fine wires attached shorter, fluffy and thick. Ensure their fur OF THE Australian Terrier and good thermal protection against water. In forming a mane around the neck hair, abundant and growing belly and legs. The Australian Terrier adult can reach a height at the withers of about 23-28 cm and weighs around 4-6 kg.
Behavior Australian Terrier
Australian Terrier dog is a small but lively and active in specific note of which the famous families. It is an intelligent and brave, always attentive to the phenomena in the immediate neighborhood. It is alert and vigilant, as recommended in the role of watchdog. Aussie - as it is called - is a dog confident and curious by nature. Devoted to the family, he will manifest quite suspicious of strangers in a first phase.
But soon, will interact well with strangers. Gets along well with children but has a strong personality, is proud and can not stand being tedious. Though not itself a hunting dog, good instincts inherited from different varieties of terriers that were at the origin of the breed formation, so will react very promptly occurrence of any small animal in its visual range.
Early socialization needs, should be taught to live with other animals in the household so that no conflicts later. Generally males are dominant and arrogant, proving to be aggressive in the presence of other male dogs. Reptiles is an excellent fighter, even venomous snakes. Small but muscular dog breed Terrier Australian proves reflexes extremely fast and prompt, failed to prevent attacks of a snake and ripostand brave, very similar to the style displayed by mongoose (Place in a final behind the snake and it bites the neck, killing him).
Training Australian Terrier
Australian Terrier is one of the races that vigorously contradict preconceived idea according to which a copy canine size is directly proportional to its skills in dressage. In other words, small dog as small chances in the uptake of training exercises, command, pattern of reaction to situations, etc.
The fact that the Australian Terrier is a small dog, contribute significantly to capital sympathy he enjoys but does not diminishes anything intelligent dog image. This surpasses spectacular dog behavior and body size by no coincidence was the first breed developed and formalized in Australia and Tasmania. The latest studies in psychology and intelligent breed canine places on an honorable place in rankings prepared.
Proven resources recommend the Australian Terrier as a worthy competitor for obedience and agility competitions, in which dogs are required to understand quickly and clearly demands instructor and also prove appropriation of orders and complex exercise. Very good hunters of mice and rats have inherited intelligence who demonstrate terriers, faced centuries wit, quickness and power to adapt proven rodent extraordinary.
Of course, a general rule says that not everything is theoretically possible will naturally translate into practice. To demonstrate the capabilities of Australian Terrier breed dogs have worked adequately. You need to know in depth the character to apply appropriate methods of learning and training. Otherwise, everything will remain at cover.
Characteristics Australian Terrier
Dogs are less demanding, more attention should be given the fur hair. Australian Terrier sheds constant throughout the year, its fur should be brushed every 2-3 days.
It also requires trimming at least 2 times a year. Bathing could pose problems especially when it comes to male dogs (more volunteers even more cantankerous nature) for Australian Terrier do not like very much water and the feeling it gives to wet hair.
He needs to exercise and the opportunity to consume energy.
Health Australian Terrier
Australian Terrier breed is fortunate not affected since many health problems with genetic predilection, as happens with other small dogs. If we talk about breed-specific diseases, Australian Terrier seems to have a predisposition for diabetes and thyroid disorders. These conditions can be managed by a breeder positively involved, responsible, supported by a veterinarian experienced in terms breeds of small dogs.
In rare cases, they have been reported cases of epilepsy in dogs of this breed. Like other members of the group Terrier, Australian Terrier breed dogs available for manifest allergies and itchy skin, especially when introduced in warmer climates. Sometimes these disorders are triggered by some dysfunction of the thyroid gland, but most often are the result of environmental factors. Protection against fleas and other external parasites is essential. Sometimes itching and irritation of the skin that occur may be a consequence of using harsh chemicals contained in various perfumes, shampoos and sprays flea.
As with other breeds of small dogs and Australian Terrier breed can be affected by patellar luxation or tenderness of the ligaments (ligaments rupture crossed). Another disease of the skeletal system detected a certain frequency in the race is a disease Calve-Perthes disease (avascular necrosis of the femoral head or aseptic necrosis. Both disorder and dislocation Patellar and disease Calve-Perthes seem to be influenced by genetic inheritance. Terrier Australian has a low resistance to anesthetics and sensitivity to chemicals above average. the details are some common diseases in the race:
Calve-Perthes disease. It is a disease of the skeletal system by triggering the juveniles breeds of small dogs (under 10 kg average weight.). Causes poorly documented in terms of conditions favoring lead to short-circuiting of the femoral head blood flow. Gradually, the absence of blood supply causes tissue death and necrosis of the bone segment, femur urmad be reabsorbed, resulting in deformation of bone and hip joint collapse.
The condition leads to degenerative changes in the hip (femur with affected leg will be shorter) and installing arthritis. The age at which the disease begins with predilection is 5-9 months. Diagnosis is based on radiographs, most often requiring surgery. It affects more often male offspring (incidence up to 4 times higher) than female offspring. The prognosis is generally good, especially if it occurs in a timely manner, in the early stages of the disease.
Patellar luxation is a disorder that affects the kneecap (patella). It migrates from the ditch sliding in at the distal extremity of the femur. Affected dogs will have difficulty in traveling (to limp). Most times, and depending on the stage and severity of the disease, will require surgery.
Diabetes is a condition associated with a shortfall in pancreatic insulin production. Insulin is a hormone essential processing of glucose by the body. Glucose needs insulin to enter cells, thus providing power animal. If the pancreas does not fulfill its normal role as producer of insulin when glucose builds up in the blood and becomes abnormally abundant.
Having the property to attract water, glucose will be eliminated along with it. This results in a tendency to drink quantities of increasingly higher water, followed by urination. Another signal that indicates risk of diabetes is substantial appetite resulted, paradoxically, by a weakening of the body. Like humans, dogs (Australian Terrier breed in our case) hunger is stopped when glucose is absorbed by cells in the hypothalamus.
As in the case of a sick Aussie glucose, insulin intake lacking, can not enter into cells normally feeling of fullness will not be felt. Meanwhile the body and no longer take energy from glucose, is looking for other sources, which are fats and proteins.
So although we have an animal that eats more than he usually weakens. Diabetes does not heal. In most cases require insulin to keep sick dog alive. Insulin treatment is not effective than doubled from a strict diet.
Cushing's disease (hyperadrenocorticism) manifests as an excess production of adrenal hormones, particularly corticosteroids. It may be a genetic predisposition to cause or a consequence of a tumor that affects the gland, or can be triggered by excessive administration of substances containing corticosteroids (such as prednisolone).
The symptoms are many and complex: increasing water consumption in Tadema with urination very frequent and uncontrolled increasing appetite amid weakening body, hypertension, panting pregnant - regardless of the level of effort, loss of hair, occurrence of nodule formations calcified at skin, skin sensitivities, onset of diabetes, heart and skeletal muscle weakness, diseases of the nervous system. The disease is severe and life expectancy of specimens affected, even amid drug treatment, is around 2 years.
Cataracts cause a loss of the normal transparency of the lens. The problem can occur in one or both eyes and may in time lead to vision loss.