Siamese cat<<<< Back to cat breeds
- Country: Thailand
- Origin: Natural
- Scientific name: Felis catus
- Weight: (4–6kg)
- Colors: Brown, Chocolate,
- Coat: Short
- Temperament: sociable, intelligent, chatty
- Health: generally healthy
- Litter size: 4 puppies
- Lifespan: 10 - 15 years
- Price: $400 - $600 USD
The Siamese cat was known long ago in Siam (new Thailand), attested to by the quite similar representations of the Siamese in a manuscript originated during Ayudhei, name of the capital of Siam between 1347 - 1767, manuscript found in a museum in Bangkok where two varieties of the Siamese are described: one, the royal Siamese ( royal cat of Siam), supple, slender with dark extremities and the other of ivory and chocolate variety colors, with darker tints in the extremities, similar to the Burmese today. These cats were considered guardians of temples, the pride of Siam, and whoever dared to steal or smuggle them was punished with death. Formerly known as the royal cat of Siam, the beautiful and fascinating Siamese was present only in the royal courts and temples of Siam.
There are different stories about the hook-shaped tail Siamese, according to which princesses strung rings on them and the cat would bend her tail in a hook shape to prevent the possibility of losing them. They say strabismus, another feature of the first Siamese, existed because these cats were reliable guards of the Siam temples with the task of monitoring objects of worship. In order to fulfill their duties, the cats curled around the precious vessels and did not let them out of their eyes. Many of the first specimens presented convergent strabismus and abnormalities of the tail, issues initially accepted by the standard but with time excluded.
In 1793, german explorer Simion Pallas refers in his diaries about the Siamese. There aren't any known wild ancestors of the Siamese, but from it's name the region of origin is Siam. The first specimens in comparison with those that represent today's race showed a more rustic appearance , much closer to the European type, the contrast of color between the extremities and the rest of the body being less prominent, with less intense blue eyes and a more rounded head. Thus, through selection programs they achieved fur color improvement and appearance and an accentuation of the blue eyes color.
The Siamese manage to get known in the West only in late nineteenth century. The first specimens were viewed with suspicion because of the short hair, the way too exotic appearance for the european taste and the too fine build. Two subjects of unknown origins were presented in 1871 during an exhibition at Crystal Palace, London, appearance that led to various reactions from the world of feline lovers. In 1885, at another exhibition held at the Crystal Palace, the Siamese was awarded with the title of the most beautiful short-haired cat. In 1890, the first specimens are imported to United States and Britain. In 1892 the first standard for the Siamese breed was established by the GCCF (Governing Council of the Cat Fancy) in England . In 1914, the Siamese Cat Society of America sets the breeds standard which was accepted by the CFA in 1927.
Aspect Siamese cat
The modern breed standard describes an elegant, sleek, flexible and muscular body. The head has a slight triangular shape with a thin nose. The eyes are blue and oblique and the ears are big and positioned at the base of the head. It is said that the position of the ears should form a perfect triangle at the tip of the nose. The Siamese hair is white on the body with colored extremities due to the mutation of the melanin production that results in partial albinism. The fur is colored only in the cold parts of the body. At birth the kittens are white and by the time they reach adulthood the fur changes color. The characteristic breed spots appear after the first four weeks of life and can be of brown, chocolate, lilac or blue-gray color. The original Siamese cats suffered from strabismus, but that was removed in time, during the selective breeding. Strabismus can be still found today on the streets of Thailand.
Behavior Siamese cat
The Siamese are recognized for their talent to communicate with their human companions. If you want to have some peace and quiet when you return all worn out from work, this race might not be a good idea. The long meowing of the Siamese can be a little annoying for some, but Siamese breeders appreciate their ability to communicate. The Siamese are masters of emotional manipulation when it comes to their owners. They are intelligent and loyal, asking for attention, affection and active involvement in their lives. If left alone too often, the cats get sad and lose their characteristic vividness. Once you have created a strong relationship with them, you can be sure you'll have a loving and devoted companion for life.
Very energetic, with a great capacity for reaction, the Siamese cat likes to always be the center of attention. Sociable and affectionate, does not like to be alone. It adapts well to indoor life, creating certain habits. The cat establishes a strong relationship with a family member, which she will pursue relentlessly tending to become possessive and jealous. She is tolerant of other pets and children as long as she feels the most important. The Siamese require minimal care. The fur is very short, thick and adherent to the body, without a fluff layer. Their favorite brushing is actually your hand, gently patting down the body. You can also use a rubber bristle brush once a week to keep the fur clean and shiny. Siamese cats shed moderately.
Features Siamese cat
Currently the Siamese breed has 42 color varieties, which can be distinguished by color or color combinations, either by the coat's design. Although there are several varieties, only 4 are recognized as complete standards : blue, lilac, chocolate and beige-red, from which all others are derived.
Seal Point Siamese (Beige-red) - have a beige-light brown coat, with chocolate milk or beige-red colored extremities, with pigmented dark brown mask, ears, paws and tail. The eyes are of a noble blue color.
Lilac Point Siamese (Lilac) - have a white-blue coat with pink reflections. The mask is pale gray with pink reflections. The muzzle and paws are of a pale lilac shade, close to the lavenders color.
Chocolate-Point Siamese(Chocolate) - have an ivory colored coat, with chestnut colored nose and paws, and a warmer shade on the mask, ears and tail.
Blue-Point Siamese (Blue) - considered "venerable", have a glazed-white colored coat with blue reflections, similar to porcelain.
Diseases Siamese cat
The Siamese cats are usually healthy cats, but as with other pure breeds, specimens from certain lines have certain genetic predispositions. Some Siamese are prone to gingivitis, amyloidosis (dystrophic disease of the liver) and heart disease. With proper nutrition, exercise, veterinary care( vaccinations, deworming, regular checks etc) and affection from the owner, the Siamese cat will live a long life. Siamese cats are the target of the current diseases specific to felines in general, without an increased frequency of one of them.
The males are not safe from the feline urologic syndrome (formation of kidney of bladder stones), which is why more attention should be given on nutrition and the possible appearance of urinating difficulties. After a certain age, depending on the individual, they tend to deposit dental tartar, especially on the molars and carnassials. Ideally, after the age of 6-8 years, even if you have a healthy specimen, you should do a routine check and several investigations (ultrasound, x-ray, blood and urine tests) to early detect any sensitivities and to try adressing them through a proper diet or with an appropiate treatment.
The Siamese cat has an average life expectancy of 13 to 15 years.