Persian cat<<<< Back to cat breeds
- Country: Persia (Iran)
- Origin: Cross
- Scientific name: Felis catus
- Weight: 7-12lbs (3–6 kg
- Colors: All colors
- Coat: Long
- Temperament: affectionate, sociable, discreet
- Litter size: 3 - 5 puppies
- Lifespan: 10 - 15 years
- Price: 300$ - 800$
The origin of this breed is not fully clear. While many are inclined to say that the persian cat is native to Persia (now Iran), Turkey and other nearby countries , others say it originated in ancient Egypt. It seems they were brought to Europe during the Great Crusade in 1300, but there was evidence found of the italian writer Pietro della Volle who brought a pair from this breed. Hence, many wanted to have a persian cat as a pet. Unfortunately as much as we try to find the best historical references, the true origins and history of Persian cats were covered by the sand of time.
Aspect Persian cat
Under the appearance of a heavy and fat animal, given by the long haired bushy fur, lies a compact cat whose body must be strong and solid but flexible at the same time. The ideal muscularity of the Persian cat is strong and well developed and the skeleton is sturdy and well proportioned. The back is short and straight and the tail hanging lower than other breeds of cats, but uncurved, should be relatively short in perfect harmony with the body. The chest should be broad but not overly heavy and the legs ending in cushioned round and compact paws must be straight. The Persian coat is thick and bushy with long hairs and it is made of two layers. The undercoat which is very thick, determines the top layer to stay ruffled, especially in the neck, like a collar, continuing on the chest and under the front legs. Persian coat maintenance is laborious, because of the hair tendency to get tangled and felt - if you intend to acquire a Persian cat you should take into consideration that it needs daily hair care.
If the hair is not properly cared for and gets tangled, under each knot, skin lesions can occur, unpleasant for both the cat and in terms of treatment they require. The Persian head is round and short, with large bones, massive; skull is broad and from the profile you can observe the perfect alignment of the forehead, nose and chin. Very often, because of this particularity, the cat looks "angry" - an ideal persian, meeting this goal, however should have a pleasant facial expression.
The powerful jaws close in a correct bite and the neck supports, through wideness and well developed muscles, the massive head of the Persian - it is short, thick and strong. The ears are small, triangular, slightly curved, placed lower than most cat breeds and not too far out of the rounded contour of the head. The eyes, matching the color of the coat, are large, expressive, wide open and round, spaced from one another.
Behavior Persian cat
The Persian cat, with it's charm and unsurpassed beauty is considered the "aristocrat" of cats. Calm and calculated, she is perfectly satisfied with the apartment life. Sociable, peaceful, never agressive, sweet and affectionate, she manifests a special attachment towards her owner. The Persian cat gets along perfectly with children and dogs. She tends to get distant with strangers. She discreetly and rarely meows. Reaches maturity around the age of 16-18 months and puberty lasts 4-6 months.
Not flighty by nature, nor suffocating but rather cautious in dealing with people. The raising takes time, patience and the ability to keep calm. The pet, well-educated, especially the male is charming and gets to be a pleasant company. The Persian cat is not tormented by the curiosity characteristic to other breeds, she does not want to break or examine everything.
Features Persian cat
These cats require special care, since the kitten phase, the coat maintenance being a complicated activity. Otherwise, the fur will become tangled and cause a state of discomfort. brushing should last at least 15 minutes and it is done in the opposite direction of hair growth, aimed at removing the dead hair, dust and knots.
The tail, paws and abdomen are very sensitive areas so they must be treated delicately. The baths are not a problem for Persian cats and it is good for them to take one once a week. The water temperature must be right. Use a special shampoo, avoiding the eye area. After washing, wipe the fur well and dry it at room temperature. Persian cats shed very hard.
Common Diseases Persian cat
Anomalies of the teeth, deformation of the bite can lead to the cats inability to eat its prey. The jaws of some strong selective specimens do not close normally and the tip of the tongue hangs out the mouth. Another unpleasant anomaly, frequent at Persian cats is watery eyes. Lacrimal ducts are short and very curved, that tears do not flow naturally. If the cat's eyes don't get proper care, unaesthetic sores can appear around the eyes. In severe cases, the cat's nose is deformed to such an extent that respiratory impairments may occur.
Approximately 38-40% of persian cats suffer from PKD(Polycystic kidney disease), a genetic disease. The excessive length of the coat make the cats' skin very sensitive and can cause hypersecretion of the sebum and rashes.
Life Span: 10 to 15 years.