Sparrow bird

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  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Passeridae
  • Conservation status: Least concern
  • Wing span: 12cm - 20cm (4.8in - 7.9in)
  • Weight: 15g - 45g (0.5oz - 1.5oz)
  • Speed: 40km/h (25mph)
  • Lifespan: 4 - 6 years
  • Clutch size: 3 - 5 Eggs
sparrow bird

We can meet them wherever people live: from coal mines to terraces of skyscrapers.

They are extremely adaptable, not afraid of people, they even prefer to remain near them without having to venture far from buildings. Therefore , the common species is called the house sparrow, the scientific name is passer domesticus. Without an unusual plumage and not –like other birds- remarkable flyers, they are spending more time on the ground, branches, roofs or window sills. They live in groups and are noisy, but who can say that they don’t enjoy the optimistic chirping of sparrows.

Once, the sparrow lived only in southern Europe, North Africa and several Asian zones in the Middle East. But, because living near people is extremely favorable, it managed to spread in almost all the areas of the planet. It reproduced pretty quickly in North America, after arriving there in 1852, but fared nearly as well in Australia also, where it was introduced in 1862.

We can find it almost anywhere where the man is present: on city streets, in gardens, parks and even in industrial areas. The sparrow nests in trees and bushes, but especially in gaps or cracks in the walls of buildings or industrial buildings. The main condition in choosing the place: not accessible for its natural enemies. Meaning, especially for cats! In winter, the sparrows don’t migrate, but gather in larger flocks and prefer to remain longer in the trees.

Food Sparrow

The house sparrow feeds on seeds of all kinds, small insects, crumbs and other food residues. In areas with major climatic differences, it’s harder for them to find food in the winter, but they eventually manage: they mix with the chickens when they are fed or come to people’s windows where they find crumbs.

Features Sparrow

When talking about Passer Domesticus (or domestic Fringilla, by other authors) we are actually talking about that small bird, easily recognized by its gray-brown plumage, with a short tail and ruffled in the winter. There are several species of sparrows in the Passeridae family but the differences between them are often too small for the common man to tell.

It is an expansionist being, nasty, aggressive, but still cute. It is not a rare bird but so adaptable that it managed to populate, in a few years, remote settlements in Siberia. It nests in trees or hollows. It reproduces fast; the female lays eggs 3 times a year (hatched by both parents), each time bringing 4-5 chicks into the world. Whereveragriculture is practiced, soon the sparrow will make its appearance. It was actually seen beyond the polar circle.

In size, the sparrow has more than 15 centimeters in length and the wingspan can reach 22 to 25 centimeters. The weight of a mature individual ranges between 24 and 38 grams, depending on age, area and season. A sparrow can live up to 12 years, but most of them end up, earlier, under wheels of cars or in cats claws…

There are many species of sparrows.

Reproduction Sparrow

A sparrow lays in the nest (made from dry grass) between 3 and 6 eggs, which she hatches about two weeks. Every year, a family of sparrows can raise even three generations of offspring. The little ones grow at a fast pace, after less than three weeks having already the plumage and formed skills for flying! Unfortunately, the first attempts – unsuccessful- are extremely dangerous, they reach the ground too fast and can’t immediately resume flight; to the satisfaction of hungry carnivores.

Life Spanof a sparrow is 4 - 7 years.

Did you know that:

With more than 500 million specimens, the house sparrow is considered the most common and spread bird on Earth.

The sparrow can withstand high temperature variations.

The Italian sparrow was recognized as a new species of bird.

Sparrow can be found almost anywhere where the man is present.

Pictures Sparrow bird

Other bird species